Bharukaccha, Bharu-kaccha, Bhārukaccha, Bharukacchā: 11 definitions


Bharukaccha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bharukachchha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bharukaccha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhārukaccha (भारुकच्छ).—(of Broach); a tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 50.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.50) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bharu-kaccha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Bharukaccha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bharukacchā (भरुकच्छा) refers to a country identified with Bhroach, belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Bharukacchā] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bharukaccha in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A seaport in the country of Bharu (J.iv.137).

Mention is made of merchants going by sea from there to Suvannabhumi (e.g., J.iii.188). Bharukaccha was the residence of Vaddhamata Theri (ThigA.171) and Malitavambha Thera (ThagA.i.211).

In the Maha niddesa (MNid.i.155; see also Mil.331), Bharukaccha is mentioned in a list of places to which men went for trade. Vijaya lived there for three months before sailing for Ceylon. Dpv.ix.26; the Dvy. (586) says the city was founded by Bhiru, one of the three people who escaped from the kingdom of Sikhandi, the parricide ruler of Sauvira, when this was destroyed by a heavy fall of sand, following on the murder of Rudrayana, king of Roruka. Bharukaccha is, according to this account, a corruption of Bhirukaccha (Marsh of Bhiru). But Brahmanized tradition ascribes its foundation to the sage Bhrgu. It is identical with Barygaza of Ptolemy and the Periplus of the Erythrean Sea.

Bharukaccha is the modern Broach in Kathiawar. The people of Bharukaccha are called Bharukacchaka. E.g., DhSA.305.

2. Bharukaccha. A park in Ceylon laid out by Parakkamabahu I. Cv.lxxix.11.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bharukaccha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ) (in Chinese: P'o-leou-kia-tche) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with  Puṣya or Puṣyanakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Puṣya] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Bharukaccha] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ) (in Chinese: P'o-lou-kia-tchö) is also the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Pūrvabhadrapadā (or Pūrvabhadrapadānakṣatra) and Uttarabhadrapadā (or Uttarabhadrapadānakṣatra).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ) is the name of a locality situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Sussondi Jātaka we read of the minstrel Sagga’s journey from Benares to Bharukaccha. It was a seaport town from which ships used to sail for different countries. In one of the Jātakas it is stated that some merchants once sailed from Bharukaccha to Suvaṇṇabhūmi (identified with Lower Burma).

In the Divyāvadāna there is a very interesting story accounting for the name of the city. It is said that Rudrāyaṇa, King of Roruka (may be identical with Alor, an old city of Sindh), in Sauvīra was killed by his son Sikhaṇḍi. As a punishment of this crime, the realm of Sikhaṇḍī, the parricide king, was destroyed by a heavy shower of sands. Three pious men only survived—two ministers and a Buddhist monk—who went out in search of a new land. Bhiru, one of the two ministers at last found one and established a new city there which came to he named after him—Bhiruka or Bhirukaccha whence came the name Bharukaccha.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharukaccha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ).—Name of a country (v. l. marukaccha).

Derivable forms: bharukacchaḥ (भरुकच्छः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ).—name of a nāga: Mahāvyutpatti 3318.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharukaccha (भरुकच्छ):—[=bharu-kaccha] m. Name of country or ([plural]) a people, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira] ([varia lectio] kacchapa, or marukaccha; cf. Βαρύγαζα)

2) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bharukaccha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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