Bharu, Bhāru: 16 definitions
Bharu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Bhāru (भारु).—A daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. The prajāpati, at one stage begot sixty girls of Vairiṇī and gave them to Kaśyapa, who distributed them among several Devas. Bhāru was the woman so given to the Viśvadevatās. (Hari Vaṃśa, Chapter 3).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Bharu (भरु) (or Maru) possibly refers to an ancient kingdom mentioned in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Libra (Tulā), the people of the extreme border lands on the west, the people of Sindha, the trading classes [+ Maru/Bharu ?] and the people of Kaccha will be afflicted with miseries. If when in the sign of Scorpio (Vṛścika), the people of Udambara, of Madra, of Colā and of Yaudheya will all suffer miseries along with soldiers armed with poisoned weapons”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
The name of a king, a country, and its capital.
See the Bharu Jataka and Bharukaccha.
The name of the king and the country in the Supparaka Jataka are also identical.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geography
Bharu (भरु) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Bharu Jātaka we find a reference to the kingdom of Bharu ruled over by a king named Bharu. It is difficult to locate the kingdom.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)
Bharu in India is the name of a plant defined with Ochthochloa compressa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Eleusine caespitosa A. Rich. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum (1854)
· Dansk Botanisk Arkiv (1922)
· Kew Bulletin (1981)
· Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (1842)
· Linnaea (1842)
· Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica (1775)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Bharu, for example side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Bharu, (a dial. (inscription) word, cp. Kern, Toev. s. v. ) sea, in two names for a town and a kingdom viz. Bharukaccha Nd1 155; J. II, 188; IV, 137, and Bharu-raṭṭha J. II, 169 sq. , a kingdom which is said to have been swallowed up by the sea.—Also in N. of the King of that country Bharu-rājā J. II, 171 (v. l. Kuru°).—Der. Bhārukacchaka an inhabitant of Bharukaccha DhsA. 305 (so read at Expos. II. 401). (Page 499)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
1) A husband.
2) A lord.
3) Name of Śiva.
4) Of Viṣṇu.
5) Gold; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 2.
6) The sea.
Derivable forms: bharuḥ (भरुः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ruḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. A name of Siva. 3. Gold. 4. A husband, a lord. 5. The sea. E. bhṛ to nourish, Unadi aff. un .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bharu (भरु).—i. e. bhṛ + u, m. 1. Gold. 2. A lord. 3. Śiva. 4. Viṣṇu.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bharu (भरु).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Viṣṇu & Śiva.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bharu (भरु):—[from bhara] m. a lord, master, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 7 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
2) [v.s. ...] a husband, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu or Śiva ([dual number] V° and Ś°), [Kādambarī]
4) [v.s. ...] gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] the sea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) Bhāru (भारु):—m. Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bharu (भरु):—(ruḥ) 2. m. A name of Vishnu; Shiva; gold; a husband.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Bharu (भरु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bharu.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Bharu (भरु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bharu.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+6): Bharu Jataka, Bharua, Bharuaccha, Bharuci, Bharuda, Bharuja, Bharuji, Bharujika, Bharuka, Bharukaccha, Bharukacchaka, Bharukacchaka Vatthu, Bharukacchanivasin, Bharukacchapa, Bharukachchha, Bharukaksha, Bharunda, Bharundadisamani, Bharundani, Bharunpati.
Ends with: Bhatabharu, Bhurubharu, Drishtibharu, Gabharu, Gandabharu, Garabharu, Karabharu, Karubharu, Mahinebharu, Masabharu, Potabharu, Purishabharu, Rasabharu, Trikandya Babharu, Ubharu.
Full-text: Bhirukaccha, Bharukaccha, Bharukacchanivasin, Bharukacchaka, Bharuja, Nalikera, Erakaksha, Bharu Jataka, Rajakarama.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Bharu, Bhāru; (plurals include: Bharus, Bhārus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 213: Bharu-jātaka < [Book II - Dukanipāta]
Jataka 463: Suppāraka-jātaka < [Volume 4]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Miscellaneous Notes on Different Aspect of Dāna (generosity) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)