Bharana, Bharaṇa: 20 definitions


Bharana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bharan.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bharaṇa (भरण, “reign”) refers to one of the twelve effects of āya (“profit”), according to the Mānasāra. Āya is the first of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular āya (e.g., bharaṇa) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The twelve effects of āya may all be assumed as auspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bharaṇa (भरण) refers to “one who fills (all things)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, [while describing the initiation by a teacher]: “(Initiates) possess Navātmaka up to the seventeenth place (which is that of the supreme plane of existence). Bhairava’s form (is such) because (he) fills (all things) (bharaṇa) [bharaṇād bhairavākāraṃ] and by recollection also (he is) Bhairava. The disciples after this are innumerable. He who knows the first convention of the Flower is a (true) teacher. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the chief warriors of Dutthagamani. He was the son of Kumara of Kappalakandara and was very fleet of foot. At the age of ten or twelve he could chase hare and elk, seize them and dash them on the ground. Mhv.xxiii.64 ff. See also Ras.ii.96.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bharaṇa.—(CII 4), name of a measure. (EI 1), probably, a load [of stones]. Note: bharaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bharaṇa : (nt.) maintenance; bearing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bharaṇa, (nt.) (fr. bhṛ, Epic Sk. bharaṇa) bearing, supporting, maintenance Dhtm 346 (in explanation of bhṛ); Abhp 1053. (Page 499)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bharaṇa (भरण).—n (bharaṇēṃ) The quantity (of oil, clarified butter &c.) put into a lamp-bowl, frying-pan &c. at one time. 2 Filling; but used restrictedly;--e.g. the filling of pitchers, vessels, sacks; the supplying of oil to a lamp, of grist to a mill, of water to a garden or plantation; heaping up of earth at the foot of trees, tumping v kara, ghāla. 3 Measuring, i.e. filling of measures. 4 unc Filled, supplied, or completed state. 5 Filling stuff, stuffing (as of puffs or cakes). 6 f R W Matter put in or added to fill up.

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bharaṇa (भरण).—n S Nourishing, cherishing, feeding.

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bharaṇā (भरणा).—m (bharaṇēṃ) Completing or filling up; collecting together to make up the complement or total. Ex. sarakāracē makhatyācā bha0 kēlyāvara mī yēīna. 2 Completed state, complement. 3 Paying in in full (as into a treasury, banker's shop &c.): also monies &c. paid in. Ex. śēṭajīcyā dukānīṃ aivajācā bha0 karūna pāvatī āṇūna dyā. 4 A collection; a multitude or a number got together. Ex. brāhmaṇācā bha0, dhrupadācā bha0, kūḷabha0, śētabha0, gharabha0, āūtabha0, bībha0. 5 Full rate of assessment. Ex. śētācā bha0 sātavyā varṣīṃ hōīla. v lāva, basava, ṭharāva. bharaṇyācā Fit only to complete a quantity or number, or to fill up a cavity or space--a person or thing. 2 That has a stock, store, fund, budget (of money, wit, songs, stories, schemes, shifts). 3 Assessed at the kamālī dara or full rate--land.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bharaṇa (भरण).—n The quantity put into a recep- tacle like a lamp or frying-pan at one time. Filling, stuffing; measuring.

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bharaṇā (भरणा).—m Completing; complement. Paying in full. Monies paid in. A collection; as brāmhaṇāñcā bharaṇā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bharaṇa (भरण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [भृ-ल्यु, ल्युट् वा (bhṛ-lyu, lyuṭ vā)] Bearing, maintaining, supporting, nourishing.

-ṇam 1 The act of nourishing, maintaining or supporting; प्रजानां विनयाधानाद्रक्षणाद्भरणादपि (prajānāṃ vinayādhānādrakṣaṇādbharaṇādapi) (sa pitā) R.1.24; पुनर्यास्यत्याख्यां भरत इति लोकस्य भरणात् (punaryāsyatyākhyāṃ bharata iti lokasya bharaṇāt) Ś.7.33.

2) (a) The act of bearing or carrying. (b) Wearing, putting on; भरणे हि भवान् शक्तः फलानां महतामपि (bharaṇe hi bhavān śaktaḥ phalānāṃ mahatāmapi) Rām.7.76.32.

3) Bringing or procuring.

4) Nutriment.

5) Hire, wages.

-ṇaḥ The constellation Bharaṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharaṇa (भरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Cherishing, maintaining, nourishing, supporting. 2. Wages, hire. 3. The constellation Bharani. f. (-ṇī) 1. The name of the second lunar asterism, containing three stars, (Musca,) and figured by the pudendum muliebre. 2. A creeper, commonly Ghosha. E. bhṛ to nourish, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharaṇa (भरण).—i. e. bhṛ + ana, I. n. 1. Bearing, [Pañcatantra] 257, 23; supporting, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 192. 2. Nourishing, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 42. 3. Wages, hire. Ii. f. ṇī. 1. The name of the second lunar asterism. 2. A creeper, commonly Ghoṣā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharaṇa (भरण).—[neuter] bearing, wearing, bringing, procuring, maintaining, nourishing; wages, hire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharaṇa (भरण):—[from bhara] mf(ī)n. bearing, maintaining, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Nakṣatra (= bharaṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [from bhara] n. the act of bearing (also in the womb) carrying, bringing, procuring, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] wearing, putting on [Gīta-govinda]

5) [v.s. ...] maintaining, supporting, nourishing, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] wages, hire, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharaṇa (भरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Cherishing; hire. f. (ṇī) A constellation; a creeper.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bharaṇa (भरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bharaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bharana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bharaṇa (भरण) [Also spelled bharan]:—(nm) alimentation, nourishing; feeding, bearing— -[poṣaṇa] alimentation, maintenance/maintaining, subsistence.

2) Bharanā (भरना) [Also spelled bharna]:—(v) to fill, to refill; to impregnate; to stuff, to heal (as [ghāva]); to load (as [baṃdūka]); to become fleshy; to match in; to instigate; to poison the mind of; [bharā huṃā] full of rage, with a poisoned mind, having long accumulated grudge; [bhare lallū, kare kallū] to get the wrong sow by the ear.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bharaṇa (भरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Smaraṇa.

2) Bharaṇa (भरण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bharaṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bharaṇa (ಭರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of holding, bearing or carrying along.

2) [noun] the act of maintaining, supporting or protecting.

3) [noun] a stock of food and other supplies; provisions.

4) [noun] money paid to an employee for work done; wages; pay; salary.

5) [noun] the act of filling (a vacant space).

6) [noun] a thing used to fill something else.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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