Bhandira, Bhaṇḍira, Bhaṇḍīra, Bhāṇḍīra, Bhamdira: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Bhandira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhandira in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhāṇḍīra (भाण्डीर).—An ancient forest. It was in this forest situated in Aṃbāḍi that Śri Kṛṣṇa with his cowherd chums conducted his childhood exploits. There was a very huge tree of name Bhāṇḍīra in this forest and it was under this great tree that Kṛṣṇa and his friends met daily for their play. This forest is on the northern bank of Gaṅgā in front of Keśighaṭṭa in Vṛndāvana. The Purāṇas proclaim that it was here that Brahmā conducted the marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rādhā. (Chapter 38, Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Mahābhārata).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bhandira in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Bhāṇḍīra (भाण्डीर) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a double-power warrior (dviguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Bhāṇḍīra, and others], these are all warriors of double power”.

The story of Bhāṇḍīra was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhāṇḍīra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bhaṇḍīra (भण्डीर), in Hindi and Sanskrit, is another name for Taṇḍulīya, a medicinal plant identified with Amaranthus spinosus Linn. or “spiny amaranth” from the Amaranthaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.73-75 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Bhaṇḍīra and Taṇḍulīya, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bhandira [भंडीरा] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Clerodendrum infortunatum L. from the Verbenaceae (Verbena) family having the following synonyms: Clerodendrum viscosum, Clerodendrum calycinum. For the possible medicinal usage of bhandira, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Bhandira [ಭಂಡೀರ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Rubia cordifolia L. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Rubia cordata, Galium cordifolium, Rubia scandens.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bhandira in India is the name of a plant defined with Albizia lebbeck in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acacia lebbek (L.) Willd. (among others).

2) Bhandira is also identified with Amaranthus spinosus It has the synonym Galliaria spinosa (L.) Nieuwl. (etc.).

3) Bhandira is also identified with Clerodendrum infortunatum It has the synonym Clerodendrum infortunatum auct. non L. (etc.).

4) Bhandira is also identified with Clerodendrum viscosum It has the synonym Clerodendrum infortunatum L. (etc.).

5) Bhandira is also identified with Ficus benghalensis It has the synonym Ficus cotoneaefolia Hort. ex Miq. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Archives of Pharmacal Research
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1788)
· CIS Chromosome Information Service (1976)
· Biodiversidad del estado de Tabasco (2005)
· Economic Botany (1975)
· Rev. Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon (1983)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhandira, for example health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhaṇḍira (भण्डिर) or Bhaṇḍīra (भण्डीर).—The Śirīṣa tree.

Derivable forms: bhaṇḍiraḥ (भण्डिरः), bhaṇḍīraḥ (भण्डीरः).

See also (synonyms): bhaṇḍila.

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Bhaṇḍīra (भण्डीर).—The Vaṭa tree (Mar. vaḍa); Rām.3.75.24.

Derivable forms: bhaṇḍīraḥ (भण्डीरः).

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Bhāṇḍīra (भाण्डीर).—The Indian fig-tree.

Derivable forms: bhāṇḍīraḥ (भाण्डीरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṇḍira (भण्डिर).—m.

(-raḥ) A tree, (Mimosa sirisha.) f. (-rī) Maddar. E. See bhaṇḍila bhaṇḍīrī, &c.

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Bhāṇḍīra (भाण्डीर).—m.

(-raḥ) The Indian fig-tree. E. bhāṇḍa a vessel, īr to bring, aff. ka; referable perhaps to the legend that describes the infant Krishna, taking his meals under a tree of this kind in the woods of Brindabana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaṇḍira (भण्डिर):—[from bhaṇḍa > bhaṇḍ] m. Acacia Sirissa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Bhaṇḍīra (भण्डीर):—[from bhaṇḍa > bhaṇḍ] m. Ficus Indica, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([Bombay edition]) [Scholiast or Commentator]

3) [v.s. ...] Amaranthus Polygonoides or Acacia Sirissa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a lofty Nyagrodha tree upon the Go-vardhana mountain, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] bāṇḍ)

5) Bhāṇḍīra (भाण्डीर):—[from bhāṇḍa] m. Name of a lofty Nyag-rodha tree on Go-vardhana in Vṛndā-vana, [Harivaṃśa; Gīta-govinda]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaṇḍira (भण्डिर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A tree (Mimosa sirisha). f. () Madder.

2) Bhāṇḍīra (भाण्डीर):—(raḥ) 1. m. The Indian fig-tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhaṇḍīra (भण्डीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhaṃḍīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhandira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Bhaṃḍīra (भंडीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhaṇḍīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhaṃḍīra (ಭಂಡೀರ):—

1) [noun] the tree Ficus benghalensis ( = F.indica) of Moraceae family; a banyan tree.

2) [noun] the plant Rubia cordifolia ( = R.munjista) of Rubiaceae family, with petals fused to form a funnel-shaped corolla; Indian madder.

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Bhāṃḍīra (ಭಾಂಡೀರ):—

1) [noun] the ficus tree Ficus benghalensis ( = F. indica) of Moraceae family; the banyan tree.

2) [noun] the one of the several vernacular, non-Saṃskṛta, old Indic languages used in ancient India.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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