Bhamandala, Bhāmaṇḍala, Bha-mandala, Bhamamdala: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Bhamandala means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bhamandala in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Bhāmaṇḍala] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल) refers to “masses of light”, according to chapter 3.3 [sumatinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Vajrabhṛt (Śakra) praised Sumati, “The aśoka-tree is delighted, singing, as it were, with humming bees; dancing, as it were, with trembling leaves; delighted, as it were, by your virtues. [...] The row of chauris, white as moonlight, shines like a flock of haṃsas engaged in hovering around your lotus-face. While you, seated on the lion-throne, deliver a sermon, the deer come to listen, as if to serve a lion. Surrounded by masses of light (bhāmaṇḍala), like the moon by moonlight, you give the highest joy to eyes as if they were cakoras. [...]”.

2) Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल) is the son of Puṣpavatī, the incarnation of Anukośa (the wife of Vasubhūti from Dāru), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa].—Accordingly, “[...] Candragati saw there the child adorned with divine ornaments and the Vidyādhara-lord, who had no son, took him himself and made him his son. He delivered the child to his wife Puṣpavatī and had a proclamation made in the city, ‘The queen has borne a son today’. [...]”.

Source: Scribd: Carving Devotion in the Jain Caves at Ellora

Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल).—All of Ellora’s main shrine Jinas are presented with a halo or bhāmaṇḍala (also known as prabhāmaṇḍala or śiraścakra). The majority of these “discs of light” are oval in shape and have plain surfaces, though it appears that many were once plastered and painted.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Vṛṣabhanātha

Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल).—In place of the radiant aura behind the head (bhāmaṇḍala) the Digambara tradition considers the caturmukha-atiśaya at the time of the omniscient status.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल) refers to “halo”, commonly found decorating the samavasaraṇa of ancient India, according to Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 96.27-33 and p. 97.1-24: Here is a description of samavasaraṇa consisting of enclosures, gateways, beautified by figures of Śālabhañjikā women and in the centre of all was placed on a high terrain the throne of the Tīrthaṃkara furnished with three parasols, fly-whisks, a rain of heavenly flowers, an aśoka tree and halo (bhāmaṇḍala).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhā-maṇḍala.—(HA), halo, aureole; same as prabhā- maṇḍala. Note: bhā-maṇḍala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhamandala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhamaṇḍala (भमंडल).—n S The stellar sphere; the vault of heaven. Ex. nakṣatrēṃ ricavati bhamaṇḍaḷīṃ || baisalī mēghāṃ- cī dāntakhiḷī ||. 2 Via solis, the ecliptic.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhamandala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhamaṇḍala (भमण्डल).—the zodiac. °nābhiḥ the centre of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: bhamaṇḍalam (भमण्डलम्).

Bhamaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bha and maṇḍala (मण्डल). See also (synonyms): bhacakra, bhapañjara.

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Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल).—a halo of light.

Derivable forms: bhāmaṇḍalam (भामण्डलम्).

Bhāmaṇḍala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhā and maṇḍala (मण्डल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhamaṇḍala (भमण्डल):—[=bha-maṇḍala] [from bha] n. = -cakra, [Sūryasiddhānta]

2) Bhāmaṇḍala (भामण्डल):—[=bhā-maṇḍala] n. a circle of l°, garland of rays, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhamandala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhamandala in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhāmaṃḍala (ಭಾಮಂಡಲ):—[noun] an orb of light; halo.

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Bhāmaṃḍaḷa (ಭಾಮಂಡಳ):—[noun] = ಭಾಮಂಡಲ [bhamamdala].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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