Bhallataka, aka: Bhallāṭaka, Bhallātaka; 11 Definition(s)


Bhallataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

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Bhallātaka (भल्लातक) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Bhallātaka) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Bhallataka in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhallātaka (भल्लातक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Marking nut”, a deciduous tree from the Anacardiaceae family., and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Semecarpus anacardium and is commonly known as the ‘marking nut’, because it was used to mark cloth before washing by the washermen. The nut has been used in traditional Āyurvedic medicine for Rasayana purposes.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bhallātaka (भल्लातक).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—Bhallātaka is trongly irritant and vesicant. It is very hot and eliminates kuṣṭha (leprosy and other skin diseases), abnormal growths and piles.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Bhallātaka (भल्लातक) refers to the “marking nut” and represents a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 53.19 , and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] From the epics, we know that the hermits generally lived on fruits, roots and tubers. Mahābhārata the commonly used fruits are kāsmarya, iṅguda, śṛṅgāṭaka, bhallātaka (marking nut), the fruits of plakṣa (fig tree), aśvattha (pipal tree), vibhītaka (fruit of Terminallia) and pīlu (Salvadora persica).

Bhallātaka or “marking-nut tree” is mentioned as a source of fuel for boiling water (jala), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—[...]. It is interesting to note that the properties of boiled water based on the fuel used to boil the same are described. The fuels discussed here are [viz., bhallātaka (marking-nut tree)]

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Bhallātaka (भल्लातक) refers to a type of oil and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Bhallātaka is entioned in connection with the worship of the horses (verse 781). Caraka and Suśruta mention it in Phalavarga. Suśruta describes its leaves as Śāka and refers to its oil. Its medicinal value is also recognized.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Bhallataka in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhallātaka is a plant used in Ayurveda medicine commonly known as Semecarpus anacardium.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bhallataka in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhallātaka : (m.) the marking-nut tree.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bhallāṭaka, (cp. Epic Sk. bhallātaka) the marking nut plant Semicarpus anacardium J. VI, 578. (Page 499)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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bhallātaka (भल्लातक).—m n S The marking-nut-plant, Semecarpus anacardium.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhallataka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhallātaka (भल्लातक).—The marking-nut-plant. (Mar. bibbā); भल्लातकं फलं पक्वं स्वादुपाकरसं लघु । कषायं पाचनं स्निग्धं तीक्ष्णोष्णं छेदि भेदनम् । मेध्यं वह्निकरं हन्ति कफवातव्रणोदरम् (bhallātakaṃ phalaṃ pakvaṃ svādupākarasaṃ laghu | kaṣāyaṃ pācanaṃ snigdhaṃ tīkṣṇoṣṇaṃ chedi bhedanam | medhyaṃ vahnikaraṃ hanti kaphavātavraṇodaram) Bhāva. P.; Bhāg.8.2.14; (also n.).

Derivable forms: bhallātakaḥ (भल्लातकः).

See also (synonyms): bhallāta.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhallātaka (भल्लातक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) The marking-nut plant, (Semicarpus anacardium.) E. bhalla an arrow, at to resemble, aff. ghañ with kan added; wounding like a weapon; also bhallāta, bhallī, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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