Bhajana, Bhajanā, Bhājana: 19 definitions



Bhajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhajna.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhajana (भजन).—A son of Sātvata.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 1.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “(1) Service (2) Spiritual practice, especially hearing, chanting, remembering and meditating on the holy name, form, qualities and pastimes of Śrī Kṛṣṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Bhajana (भजन) refers to:—(1) activities performed with the consciousness of being a servant of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, (2) in a general sense bhajana refers to the performance of spiritual practices, especially hearing, chanting and meditating upon Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s name, form, qualities and pastimes. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “internal devotional service”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—[...] By advancing in the process of arcana, a person enters the realm of bhajana (internal devotional service). [...]—Bhajana includes: Service, or worship; performance of the nine limbs of devotion to the Supreme lord: hearing, chanting, remembering, serving the lotus feet, worshipping, offering prayers, becoming a servant, making friendship and surrendering everything.

There is a basic difference between arcana and bhajana. Arcana is executed on the path of rules and regulations, and bhajana by taking shelter of the holy name. Although bhajana may externally appear to transgress the path of rules and regulations, it is a complete process of exclusive devotional service to Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Bhājana (भाजन):—Vessel used for various purposes

2) A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one adhak_ = 3. 073 g of metric units

3) Vessels or utensils which are used for preparing food. Bhajana is one among the Saṃskara (modulation of food properties) - āhara vidhi veshesha ayatana. Properties of the food varies according to the utensils used for preparation as well as eating. Eg: advising anemic patients to have food prepared in iron vessels.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhajana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhajana : (nt.) association with. || bhājana (nt.) association with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhajanā, (f.) (fer. bhaj) resorting to, familiarity with Pug. 20=Dhs. 1326, cp. sam° & Dhs. trsl. 345. (Page 496)

— or —

1) Bhājana, 2 (nt.) (fr. bhāj) division, dividing up, in pada° dividing of words, treating of words separately DhsA. 343; similarly bhājaniyaṃ that which should be classed or divided DhsA. 2, also in pada° division of a phrase DhsA. 54. (Page 501)

2) Bhājana, 1 (nt.) (cp. Epic Sk. bhājana, fr. bhāj) a bowl, vessel, dish, usually earthenware, but also of other metal, e.g. gold (suvaṇṇa°) DA. I, 295; copper (tamba°) DhA. I, 395; bronze (kaṃsa°) Vism. 142 (in simile). ‹-› Vin. I, 46; Sn. 577 (pl. mattika-bhājanā); J. II, 272 (bhikkhā°); III, 366 (id.), 471; V 293 (bhatta°); Miln. 107; VvA. 40, 292 (v. l. bhojana); PvA. 104, 145, 251; Sdhp. 571.

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhajana (भजन).—n (S) Adoration or worship. 2 Repeating the name of a god as an act of worship. 3 A hymn, or a piece or a verse to be sung to a god. 4 In arithmetic. Division. bhajanīṃ or bhajanāsa lāgaṇēṃ g. of o. To court by obsequious service; to dance attendance on.

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bhājaṇa (भाजण).—n (bhājaṇēṃ) Parching, scorching, roasting, torrefying &c. See the verb. 2 Grain &c. put or taken to be parched or torrefied. 3 The quantity that is parched at once: also a single operation of parching.

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bhājana (भाजन).—n S A vessel or dish in general; a cup, plate, pot &c. 2 fig. A receptacle or recipient; as mānabhājana, sukhabhājana, duḥkhabhājana, nindābhājana, stutibhājana, dayābhājana. 3 In arithmetic. Division.

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bhājāṇā (भाजाणा).—m (bhājaṇēṃ & dāṇā) A grain of pulse &c. parched. Gen. in pl.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhajana (भजन).—n Adoration. A hymn to be sung to a god.

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bhājana (भाजन).—a A vessel. Fig. a receptacle. Di- vision.

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bhājāṇā (भाजाणा).—m A grain of pulse, &c., parched.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[bhuj-lyuṭ]

1) Sharing, dividing.

2) Possession.

3) Service, adoration, worship.

4) Waiting or attending upon.

Derivable forms: bhajanam (भजनम्).

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[bhājyate'nena bhāj-lyuṭ]

1) Sharing, dividing.

2) Division (in arith).

3) A vessel, pot, cup, plate; पुष्पभाजनम् (puṣpabhājanam) Ś.4; R.5.22.

4) (Fig.) A receptacle, recipient, repository; स श्रियो भाजनं नरः (sa śriyo bhājanaṃ naraḥ) Pt.1.243; कल्याणानां त्वमसि महतां भाजनं विश्वमूर्ते (kalyāṇānāṃ tvamasi mahatāṃ bhājanaṃ viśvamūrte) Māl.1.3; ऐहिकस्य सुखस्याभाजनमयं जनः (aihikasya sukhasyābhājanamayaṃ janaḥ) Dk.; U.3.15; M.5.8.

5) A fit or deserving person, a fit object or person; भवादृशा एव भवन्ति भाजनान्युपदेशानाम् (bhavādṛśā eva bhavanti bhājanānyupadeśānām) K.18; गुरुणा ज्ञानसर्वस्वे सन्तोषाद्भाजनीकृतः (guruṇā jñānasarvasve santoṣādbhājanīkṛtaḥ) Bm.1.4.

6) Representation.

7) A measure equal to 64 palas.

-lekhitam A variety of diamonds capable of scratching on the surface of vessels; Kau. A.2.11. 29.

-lokaḥ the world of inanimate things (opp. to sattvaloka); Buddh.

Derivable forms: bhājanam (भाजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhājana (भाजन).—(1) as m. (otherwise nt.), pot: bhavanti bhājanās (ed. em. °nā; Kashgar recension varies) tasya Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 138.6 (verse); dhāret’ ime (sc. bhājana; acc. pl.) cetiya saṃmataite (n. pl., ete; Lefm. °tīte, see Crit. App.) Lalitavistara 383.12 (verse); (2) inanimate object, as dist. from sattva, living being: °na-loka Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) iv.15—20, commentary (Lévi, n. 4); Abhidharmakośa LaV—P. iii.138; °na-vivartanī and -saṃvartanī (qq.v.) ibid. iii.181 n. 3, compare Wogihara, Lex. 38. Prob. so understand sarva-sattva-bhājana- (text °nā-)-loka-vyavacāreṣu Gaṇḍavyūha 180.8, in wanderings (or searchings) through the world(s) of all living beings and inanimate objects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Service, adoration. 2. Possessing or enjoying carnally. 3. Sharing. m.

(-naḥ) The sound of the conch. E. bhaj to serve, aff. lyuṭ .

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Bhājana (भाजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Any vessel, as a pot or cup, a plate, &c. 2. A clever, capable or fit person. 3. Sharing, dividing. 4. (In arithmetic,) Division. 5. Representation. 6. A measure equal to sixty-four Palas. E. bhaj to serve or share, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[bhaj + ana], n. 1. Sharing. 2. Possession. 3. Service, adoration.

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[bhājana, bhaj + ana], n. 1. Any vessel, as a pot or cup, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 8, M. M.; figuratively, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 194 (a vessel of love and confidence, a person on whom one may depend). 2. A fit person. 3. Sharing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[neuter] adoration, worship; [feminine] the same.

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[neuter] vessel, dish, receptacle i.e. fit place or person for ([genetive] or —°, cf. pātra), substitute; adj. —° sharing, partaking of, relating or belonging to, serving or equivalent for.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन):—[from bhajaka > bhaj] m. Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of sharing, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] possession, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc.) reverence, worship, adoration, [Prabodha-candrodaya [Scholiast or Commentator]] (also -tā f. with [locative case] [Cāṇakya])

5) Bhājana (भाजन):—[from bhāga] n. ([from] [Causal]) sharing, division (in [arithmetic]), [Colebrooke]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. (ifc.) sharing or participating in, entitled or relating or belonging to, [Brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] n. ‘partaker of’, a recipient, receptacle, ([especially]) a vessel, pot, plate, cup, etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] n. (with [genitive case] or ifc. with f(ā). ), a place or person in which anything is collected or in whom any quality is conspicuous, any fit object or clever or deserving person, [ib.] (cf. pātra)

9) [v.s. ...] n. the act of representing, representation (nena ind. with [genitive case] in the place of; ifc. a representative, deputy, substitute, serving for, equivalent to), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra]

10) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] measure (= an Āḍhaka= 14 Palas), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man

12) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] his descendants [gana] bidādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Worship; having. enjoying. m. Sound of the conch.

2) Bhājana (भाजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Any vessel; a fit person; a dividing, division.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhajana (भजन):—(von bhaj) n. das Verehren, Verehrung, Cult [VYUT. 55. 37.] [ŚĀṆḌ.56.] śrīkṛṣṇa [PAÑCAR. 1, 2, 64. 10, 13.] [Spr. 2871.] [Oxforder Handschriften No. 524.] [WILSON, Sel. Works I, 147.] vārika Bez. eines best. klösterlichen Beamten [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 210.]

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Bhājana (भाजन):—(wie eben)

1) n. proparox. Stellvertretung; instr. an der Stelle von: dhiṣṇyānāṃ vā ete bhājanena [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 3, 3, 11.] tadatra pitṝṇāṃ bhājanena [1, 8, 1, 40.] Am Ende eines comp. (oxyt.) n. Stellvertreter, vertretend, gleichgeltend, gleichbedeutend [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 3, 1, 23.] sakṛdullikhati tadvedibhājanam das stellt die Vedi vor [4, 2, 13.] uṣṇīṣa [3, 3, 2, 4.] sa hi teṣāmindrabhājanaṃ bhavati [3, 4, 2, 15. 3. 22.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 22.] patnībhājanaṃ vai neṣṭā der Neṣṭar stellt das Weib vor [6, 3.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 6, 3.] yāvatprastarabhājanaṃ tāvatpariśinaṣṭi [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 6, 1, 15.] —

2) am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) a) theilhabend an, theilhaft, berechtigt zu: ete devā asomapāḥ paśubhājanāḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 18.] payobhājana [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 10, 6. 13, 2.] ghṛta [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 6, 1, 11.] asṛgbhājanāni ha vai rakṣāṃsi [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 10, 4.] surāpya ātmatyāginyo nāśaucodakabhājanāḥ (udakadānādyairaurdhvadehikasya bhājanā na bhavanti . bhājayantīti bhājanāḥ sapiṇḍādīnāmāśaucādinimittabhūtā na bhavanti [Mitākṣarā.3,3,a,2 v. u.]) [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch.3,6.] tāṃ yaśobhajanāṃ dhanyām [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 64, 8.] yadanugrahabhājanaḥ dessen Gunst er erfahren hat [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 14, 33.] — b) gehörig zu, in Beziehung stehend zu: maruto ha vai devaviśo ntarikṣabhājanāḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 10.] eṣā tṛtīyasavanabhājanā satī madhyaṃdine śasyate [3. 18.] sāṃnāyyabhājanā vā amāvāsyā [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 4, 4, 20.] —

3) n. das Dividiren [Algebra 8.] —

4) Gefäss [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 33.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 250.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1026.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 101.] [Hārāvalī 138.] [Halāyudha 2, 172.] rājatairbhājanaireṣām (devānām) vāryapi śraddhayā dattam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 202.] na pādau dhāvayetkāṃsye kadācidapi bhājane [4, 65.] annameṣāṃ parādhīnaṃ deyaṃ syādbhinnabhājane [10, 54.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 230.] sthālīpiṭharabhājanam [Mahābhārata 7, 2159. 12, 3252.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 53, 4.] [Suśruta 1, 158, 16] (su) . [237, 1. 2, 221, 6. 353, 6.] [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 22.] [Spr. 2398.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 34, 101.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 3, 47.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 59, 3.] kāṃsya [Suśruta 1, 74, 19.] āyasa [2, 341, 2.] rūpya [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 15, 26.] maṇi [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 131.] apaḥ surābhājanasthāḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 147.] jala [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 4, 49.] ghṛta [Suśruta 2, 50, 17. 73, 6.] puṣpa [Śākuntala 44, 1.] cārika [Burnouf 261,] [Nalopākhyāna 2.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā): kubjām sānulepanabhājanām [Harivaṃśa 4485.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 228.] In übertr. Bed. Gefäss, Behälter für so v. a. der Ort (die Person), der Etwas aufnimmt, wo sich Etwas versammelt findet, wohin Etwas strömt; = yogya (vgl. pātra) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Medinīkoṣa] māṃsaśoṇitamūtrapurīṣādibhājanena śarīreṇāndhyamāndyāpaṭutvādibhājanenendriyagrāmeṇāśanāyāpipāsāśokamohabhājanenāntaḥkaraṇena ca [] bei [Frid 125.] [Vedānta lecture No. 144.] anyāpi kiṃ na khalu bhājanamīdṛśīnām [Sāhityadarpana 56, 15.] babhūva saḥ . bhājanaṃ sarvaratnānāmamburāśirivāmbhasām [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 4.] sa śriyo bhājanaṃ naraḥ [Spr. 2424. 5160.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 205.] dṛḍhaṃ so rthasya bhājanam [Spr. 2451.] sa eva lakṣmyā yaśasāṃ ca bhājanam [5282.] śāstrajño pi bhavati viralo bhājanaṃ sadgatīnām [2978.] śrī [1657. 4445.] kīrti [ŚUK.] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 35, 10.] kalyāṇabhājanaṃ ye tu [Harivaṃśa 1028.] [PAÑCAR.4,3,31.] [Oxforder Handschriften 263,a. 3.] bhāravāhīva kleśasyaiva bhājanam [Spr. 1576.] yena syāṃ naiva duḥkhānāṃ bhājanaṃ punarīdṛśām [Kathāsaritsāgara 36. 106.] prītiviśrambha [Spr. 3023.] bhogasya bhājanaṃ rājā na rājā kāryabhājanam so v. a. der Fürst ist dazu da um zu geniessen, nicht aber um Geschäften nachzugehen, [2069.] madabhilaṣitabhājanaṃ bhūyāḥ so v. a. mögest du meinen Wunsch vernehmen [Dhūrtasamāgama] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 78, 17.] rājñīśabdabhājanamātmānamapi cintayatu bhavatī so v. a. den Titel Fürstin führend, Fürstin seiend [Mālavikāgnimitra 12, 18.] mantrī pañcamahāśabdabhājanaṃ jagatībhujaḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 511.] tatsutau . sāmrājyayuvarājatvabhājane im Besitze von [3, 102.] jagato gryasya (= prathamapṛjādeḥ Schol.) bhājanam (viṣṇuḥ) so v. a. Zuflucht [Harivaṃśa 4369.] sneho duḥkhasya bhājanam so v. a. Ursache [Spr. 4863.] sakalalaghimabhājanamudaram [Spr.] ekaḥ sa eva im 4ten Th. —

5) n. ein best. Maass, = Āḍhaka = [?64 Pala Śārṅgadhara SAṂH.1,1,20. Oxforder Handschriften 307,b,9.] —

6) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa vidādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 104.] Davon patron. bhājana ebend.: pl. bhājanāḥ gaṇa gopavanādi zu [2, 4, 67.] — Vgl. dīpa, pāna, yathābhājanam .

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Bhajana (भजन):—[SARVADARŚANAS. 64, 12. 65, 9. fgg.]

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Bhājana (भाजन):—

1) śeṣaṃ paryaṅkabhājanam (so die ed. Bomb.) [Mahābhārata 3, 15815.]

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Bhājana (भाजन):—

4) in übertr. Bed.: puṇya (richtig) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 3, 63.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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