Bhajana, Bhajanā, Bhājana: 20 definitions


Bhajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhajna.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhajana (भजन).—A son of Sātvata.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 1.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “(1) Service (2) Spiritual practice, especially hearing, chanting, remembering and meditating on the holy name, form, qualities and pastimes of Śrī Kṛṣṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Bhajana (भजन) refers to:—(1) activities performed with the consciousness of being a servant of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, (2) in a general sense bhajana refers to the performance of spiritual practices, especially hearing, chanting and meditating upon Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s name, form, qualities and pastimes. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “internal devotional service”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—[...] By advancing in the process of arcana, a person enters the realm of bhajana (internal devotional service). [...]—Bhajana includes: Service, or worship; performance of the nine limbs of devotion to the Supreme lord: hearing, chanting, remembering, serving the lotus feet, worshipping, offering prayers, becoming a servant, making friendship and surrendering everything.

There is a basic difference between arcana and bhajana. Arcana is executed on the path of rules and regulations, and bhajana by taking shelter of the holy name. Although bhajana may externally appear to transgress the path of rules and regulations, it is a complete process of exclusive devotional service to Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Bhājana (भाजन):—Vessel used for various purposes

2) A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one adhak_ = 3. 073 g of metric units

3) Vessels or utensils which are used for preparing food. Bhajana is one among the Saṃskara (modulation of food properties) - āhara vidhi veshesha ayatana. Properties of the food varies according to the utensils used for preparation as well as eating. Eg: advising anemic patients to have food prepared in iron vessels.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhajana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhajana : (nt.) association with. || bhājana (nt.) association with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhajanā, (f.) (fer. bhaj) resorting to, familiarity with Pug. 20=Dhs. 1326, cp. sam° & Dhs. trsl. 345. (Page 496)

— or —

1) Bhājana, 2 (nt.) (fr. bhāj) division, dividing up, in pada° dividing of words, treating of words separately DhsA. 343; similarly bhājaniyaṃ that which should be classed or divided DhsA. 2, also in pada° division of a phrase DhsA. 54. (Page 501)

2) Bhājana, 1 (nt.) (cp. Epic Sk. bhājana, fr. bhāj) a bowl, vessel, dish, usually earthenware, but also of other metal, e.g. gold (suvaṇṇa°) DA. I, 295; copper (tamba°) DhA. I, 395; bronze (kaṃsa°) Vism. 142 (in simile). ‹-› Vin. I, 46; Sn. 577 (pl. mattika-bhājanā); J. II, 272 (bhikkhā°); III, 366 (id.), 471; V 293 (bhatta°); Miln. 107; VvA. 40, 292 (v. l. bhojana); PvA. 104, 145, 251; Sdhp. 571.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhajana (भजन).—n (S) Adoration or worship. 2 Repeating the name of a god as an act of worship. 3 A hymn, or a piece or a verse to be sung to a god. 4 In arithmetic. Division. bhajanīṃ or bhajanāsa lāgaṇēṃ g. of o. To court by obsequious service; to dance attendance on.

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bhājaṇa (भाजण).—n (bhājaṇēṃ) Parching, scorching, roasting, torrefying &c. See the verb. 2 Grain &c. put or taken to be parched or torrefied. 3 The quantity that is parched at once: also a single operation of parching.

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bhājana (भाजन).—n S A vessel or dish in general; a cup, plate, pot &c. 2 fig. A receptacle or recipient; as mānabhājana, sukhabhājana, duḥkhabhājana, nindābhājana, stutibhājana, dayābhājana. 3 In arithmetic. Division.

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bhājāṇā (भाजाणा).—m (bhājaṇēṃ & dāṇā) A grain of pulse &c. parched. Gen. in pl.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhajana (भजन).—n Adoration. A hymn to be sung to a god.

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bhājana (भाजन).—a A vessel. Fig. a receptacle. Di- vision.

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bhājāṇā (भाजाणा).—m A grain of pulse, &c., parched.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[bhuj-lyuṭ]

1) Sharing, dividing.

2) Possession.

3) Service, adoration, worship.

4) Waiting or attending upon.

Derivable forms: bhajanam (भजनम्).

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[bhājyate'nena bhāj-lyuṭ]

1) Sharing, dividing.

2) Division (in arith).

3) A vessel, pot, cup, plate; पुष्पभाजनम् (puṣpabhājanam) Ś.4; R.5.22.

4) (Fig.) A receptacle, recipient, repository; स श्रियो भाजनं नरः (sa śriyo bhājanaṃ naraḥ) Pt.1.243; कल्याणानां त्वमसि महतां भाजनं विश्वमूर्ते (kalyāṇānāṃ tvamasi mahatāṃ bhājanaṃ viśvamūrte) Māl.1.3; ऐहिकस्य सुखस्याभाजनमयं जनः (aihikasya sukhasyābhājanamayaṃ janaḥ) Dk.; U.3.15; M.5.8.

5) A fit or deserving person, a fit object or person; भवादृशा एव भवन्ति भाजनान्युपदेशानाम् (bhavādṛśā eva bhavanti bhājanānyupadeśānām) K.18; गुरुणा ज्ञानसर्वस्वे सन्तोषाद्भाजनीकृतः (guruṇā jñānasarvasve santoṣādbhājanīkṛtaḥ) Bm.1.4.

6) Representation.

7) A measure equal to 64 palas.

-lekhitam A variety of diamonds capable of scratching on the surface of vessels; Kau. A.2.11. 29.

-lokaḥ the world of inanimate things (opp. to sattvaloka); Buddh.

Derivable forms: bhājanam (भाजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhājana (भाजन).—(1) as m. (otherwise nt.), pot: bhavanti bhājanās (ed. em. °nā; Kashgar recension varies) tasya Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 138.6 (verse); dhāret’ ime (sc. bhājana; acc. pl.) cetiya saṃmataite (n. pl., ete; Lefm. °tīte, see Crit. App.) Lalitavistara 383.12 (verse); (2) inanimate object, as dist. from sattva, living being: °na-loka Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) iv.15—20, commentary (Lévi, n. 4); Abhidharmakośa LaV—P. iii.138; °na-vivartanī and -saṃvartanī (qq.v.) ibid. iii.181 n. 3, compare Wogihara, Lex. 38. Prob. so understand sarva-sattva-bhājana- (text °nā-)-loka-vyavacāreṣu Gaṇḍavyūha 180.8, in wanderings (or searchings) through the world(s) of all living beings and inanimate objects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Service, adoration. 2. Possessing or enjoying carnally. 3. Sharing. m.

(-naḥ) The sound of the conch. E. bhaj to serve, aff. lyuṭ .

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Bhājana (भाजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Any vessel, as a pot or cup, a plate, &c. 2. A clever, capable or fit person. 3. Sharing, dividing. 4. (In arithmetic,) Division. 5. Representation. 6. A measure equal to sixty-four Palas. E. bhaj to serve or share, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[bhaj + ana], n. 1. Sharing. 2. Possession. 3. Service, adoration.

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[bhājana, bhaj + ana], n. 1. Any vessel, as a pot or cup, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 8, M. M.; figuratively, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 194 (a vessel of love and confidence, a person on whom one may depend). 2. A fit person. 3. Sharing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[neuter] adoration, worship; [feminine] the same.

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[neuter] vessel, dish, receptacle i.e. fit place or person for ([genetive] or —°, cf. pātra), substitute; adj. —° sharing, partaking of, relating or belonging to, serving or equivalent for.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन):—[from bhajaka > bhaj] m. Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of sharing, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] possession, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc.) reverence, worship, adoration, [Prabodha-candrodaya [Scholiast or Commentator]] (also -tā f. with [locative case] [Cāṇakya])

5) Bhājana (भाजन):—[from bhāga] n. ([from] [Causal]) sharing, division (in [arithmetic]), [Colebrooke]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. (ifc.) sharing or participating in, entitled or relating or belonging to, [Brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] n. ‘partaker of’, a recipient, receptacle, ([especially]) a vessel, pot, plate, cup, etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] n. (with [genitive case] or ifc. with f(ā). ), a place or person in which anything is collected or in whom any quality is conspicuous, any fit object or clever or deserving person, [ib.] (cf. pātra)

9) [v.s. ...] n. the act of representing, representation (nena ind. with [genitive case] in the place of; ifc. a representative, deputy, substitute, serving for, equivalent to), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra]

10) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] measure (= an Āḍhaka= 14 Palas), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man

12) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] his descendants [gana] bidādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Worship; having. enjoying. m. Sound of the conch.

2) Bhājana (भाजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Any vessel; a fit person; a dividing, division.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhajanā (भजना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhayaṇā, Bhāyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhajana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhajana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन) [Also spelled bhajan]:—(nm) a devotional song. hymn; repetition of the name of God; -[pūjana] devotion and adoration; -[bhāva] devotion and adoration, devotional practices; sense of devotion.

2) Bhajanā (भजना) [Also spelled bhajna]:—(v) to repeat the name of God; to remember God; to be engaged in devotional practices; to enjoy, to derive pleasure; ~[naṃdī] concentrated in and enjoying devotional chores.

3) Bhājana (भाजन) [Also spelled bhajan]:—(nm) a utensil, vessel; container; one who deserves; used as a suffix with nouns to mean one who enjoys/suffers/deserves (e.g. [kṛpābhājana, kopabhājana,], etc.)

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