Bhajana, Bhajanā, Bhājana: 27 definitions

Introduction:

Bhajana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhajna.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “worshipping” (Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.28 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin): “[...]  With the threefold Energies, Śiva blesses those who worship Him always as the lord of Energies. Every individual soul becomes fearless and conquers death by worshipping (bhajana) Him. Hence His designation ‘the conqueror of death’ is famous in all the three worlds. Viṣṇu attains and retains his Viṣṇu-hood by His favour. Similarly Brahmā his Brahma-hood and the gods their godhood. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhajana (भजन).—A son of Sātvata.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 1.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “(1) Service (2) Spiritual practice, especially hearing, chanting, remembering and meditating on the holy name, form, qualities and pastimes of Śrī Kṛṣṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Bhajana (भजन) refers to:—(1) activities performed with the consciousness of being a servant of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, (2) in a general sense bhajana refers to the performance of spiritual practices, especially hearing, chanting and meditating upon Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s name, form, qualities and pastimes. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhajana (भजन) refers to “internal devotional service”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—[...] By advancing in the process of arcana, a person enters the realm of bhajana (internal devotional service). [...]—Bhajana includes: Service, or worship; performance of the nine limbs of devotion to the Supreme lord: hearing, chanting, remembering, serving the lotus feet, worshipping, offering prayers, becoming a servant, making friendship and surrendering everything.

There is a basic difference between arcana and bhajana. Arcana is executed on the path of rules and regulations, and bhajana by taking shelter of the holy name. Although bhajana may externally appear to transgress the path of rules and regulations, it is a complete process of exclusive devotional service to Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Bhājana (भाजन):—Vessel used for various purposes

2) A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one adhak_ = 3. 073 g of metric units

3) Vessels or utensils which are used for preparing food. Bhajana is one among the Saṃskara (modulation of food properties) - āhara vidhi veshesha ayatana. Properties of the food varies according to the utensils used for preparation as well as eating. Eg: advising anemic patients to have food prepared in iron vessels.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Bhājana (भाजन, “divide”) or “break into parts” is another name for bhāgahāra (“division”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The common Hindu names for the operation are bhāgahāra, bhājana, haraṇa, chedana, etc. All these terms literally mean “to break into parts”, i.e., “to divide”, excepting haraṇa which denotes “to take away”. This term shows the relation of division to subtraction. The dividend is termed bhājya, hārya, etc., the divisor bhājaka, bhāgahara or simply hara, and the quotient labdhi “what is obtained” or labdha.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Bhājana (भाजन) refers to a “jar”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 21).—Accordingly, “If the immoral man takes the monastic robes, these are like burning brass for him, like an iron ring around his body; his alms bowl (pātra) is like a jar (bhājana) filled with melted copper; when he takes his food, it is as if he were swallowing balls of burning iron or drinking boiling brass; the people paying homage to him with their offerings are like the guardians of hell watching over him; when he enters the monastery, it is as though he were entering the great hell; when he sits on the monastic benches, it is as if he were taking his place on a bed of burning iron”.

2) Bhājana (भाजन) refers to “special utensils”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[6. Use of a Stone Bowl].—‘The Buddha forbade the Bhikṣus to use eight kinds of bowls (pātra)’.—[...] Furthermore, the Buddha does not allow the use of stone bowls because fine ones are hard to find and because thick ones retain grease. The Buddha’s bowl arose spontaneously on the four summits of the mountains on which the four kings of the gods dwell. But other people do not have these bowls that arise by themselves; to try to make one would be very difficult and very complicated. This is why the Buddha did not allow [the Bhikṣus] to have stone bowls but used one himself to distinguish himself from his disciples, in the same way that the king venerated by people uses special utensils (bhājana) himself. Seeing the Buddha use a special bowl, people’s veneration and respect is increased and they develop pure faith. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bhājana (भाजन) refers to a “vessel”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (62) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Being endowed with voice’, their eloquence will be unhindered; (63) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘All-grasping’, all learning will be retained; (64) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Purity of memory,’ they will seek for all the dharmas of the Buddha by the infinite size of vessel (bhājana); [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Bhājana (भाजन) refers to a “(water) pot” (suitable for performing an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as Agastya-Ṛṣi taught the offering manual] “O Bhagavān, having recited the Great Ṛṣi heart[-mantra] spell into a water-pot (udaka-bhājanā) 108 times facing east, one should scatter [the water] in the four directions with Ṛṣi-silence. [...] One should recite thus seven times. Upon reciting this all hostile Nāgas become inflamed [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Bhājana (भाजन) refers to a “vessel (of success)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “The letter Hūṃ is the most divine, the letter Hūṃ is a vessel of success (siddhi-bhājana), Hūṃ is also the emptiness of becoming, make Hūṃ, homage be to you”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhajana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhajana : (nt.) association with. || bhājana (nt.) association with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhajanā, (f.) (fer. bhaj) resorting to, familiarity with Pug. 20=Dhs. 1326, cp. sam° & Dhs. trsl. 345. (Page 496)

— or —

1) Bhājana, 2 (nt.) (fr. bhāj) division, dividing up, in pada° dividing of words, treating of words separately DhsA. 343; similarly bhājaniyaṃ that which should be classed or divided DhsA. 2, also in pada° division of a phrase DhsA. 54. (Page 501)

2) Bhājana, 1 (nt.) (cp. Epic Sk. bhājana, fr. bhāj) a bowl, vessel, dish, usually earthenware, but also of other metal, e.g. gold (suvaṇṇa°) DA. I, 295; copper (tamba°) DhA. I, 395; bronze (kaṃsa°) Vism. 142 (in simile). ‹-› Vin. I, 46; Sn. 577 (pl. mattika-bhājanā); J. II, 272 (bhikkhā°); III, 366 (id.), 471; V 293 (bhatta°); Miln. 107; VvA. 40, 292 (v. l. bhojana); PvA. 104, 145, 251; Sdhp. 571.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhajana (भजन).—n (S) Adoration or worship. 2 Repeating the name of a god as an act of worship. 3 A hymn, or a piece or a verse to be sung to a god. 4 In arithmetic. Division. bhajanīṃ or bhajanāsa lāgaṇēṃ g. of o. To court by obsequious service; to dance attendance on.

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bhājaṇa (भाजण).—n (bhājaṇēṃ) Parching, scorching, roasting, torrefying &c. See the verb. 2 Grain &c. put or taken to be parched or torrefied. 3 The quantity that is parched at once: also a single operation of parching.

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bhājana (भाजन).—n S A vessel or dish in general; a cup, plate, pot &c. 2 fig. A receptacle or recipient; as mānabhājana, sukhabhājana, duḥkhabhājana, nindābhājana, stutibhājana, dayābhājana. 3 In arithmetic. Division.

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bhājāṇā (भाजाणा).—m (bhājaṇēṃ & dāṇā) A grain of pulse &c. parched. Gen. in pl.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhajana (भजन).—n Adoration. A hymn to be sung to a god.

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bhājana (भाजन).—a A vessel. Fig. a receptacle. Di- vision.

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bhājāṇā (भाजाणा).—m A grain of pulse, &c., parched.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[bhuj-lyuṭ]

1) Sharing, dividing.

2) Possession.

3) Service, adoration, worship.

4) Waiting or attending upon.

Derivable forms: bhajanam (भजनम्).

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[bhājyate'nena bhāj-lyuṭ]

1) Sharing, dividing.

2) Division (in arith).

3) A vessel, pot, cup, plate; पुष्पभाजनम् (puṣpabhājanam) Ś.4; R.5.22.

4) (Fig.) A receptacle, recipient, repository; स श्रियो भाजनं नरः (sa śriyo bhājanaṃ naraḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.243; कल्याणानां त्वमसि महतां भाजनं विश्वमूर्ते (kalyāṇānāṃ tvamasi mahatāṃ bhājanaṃ viśvamūrte) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.3; ऐहिकस्य सुखस्याभाजनमयं जनः (aihikasya sukhasyābhājanamayaṃ janaḥ) Dk.; Uttararāmacarita 3.15; M.5.8.

5) A fit or deserving person, a fit object or person; भवादृशा एव भवन्ति भाजनान्युपदेशानाम् (bhavādṛśā eva bhavanti bhājanānyupadeśānām) K.18; गुरुणा ज्ञानसर्वस्वे सन्तोषाद्भाजनीकृतः (guruṇā jñānasarvasve santoṣādbhājanīkṛtaḥ) Bm.1.4.

6) Representation.

7) A measure equal to 64 palas.

-lekhitam A variety of diamonds capable of scratching on the surface of vessels; Kau. A.2.11. 29.

-lokaḥ the world of inanimate things (opp. to sattvaloka); Buddh.

Derivable forms: bhājanam (भाजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhājana (भाजन).—(1) as m. (otherwise nt.), pot: bhavanti bhājanās (ed. em. °nā; Kashgar recension varies) tasya Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 138.6 (verse); dhāret’ ime (sc. bhājana; acc. pl.) cetiya saṃmataite (n. pl., ete; Lefm. °tīte, see Crit. App.) Lalitavistara 383.12 (verse); (2) inanimate object, as dist. from sattva, living being: °na-loka Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) iv.15—20, commentary (Lévi, n. 4); Abhidharmakośa LaV—P. iii.138; °na-vivartanī and -saṃvartanī (qq.v.) ibid. iii.181 n. 3, compare Wogihara, Lex. 38. Prob. so understand sarva-sattva-bhājana- (text °nā-)-loka-vyavacāreṣu Gaṇḍavyūha 180.8, in wanderings (or searchings) through the world(s) of all living beings and inanimate objects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Service, adoration. 2. Possessing or enjoying carnally. 3. Sharing. m.

(-naḥ) The sound of the conch. E. bhaj to serve, aff. lyuṭ .

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Bhājana (भाजन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Any vessel, as a pot or cup, a plate, &c. 2. A clever, capable or fit person. 3. Sharing, dividing. 4. (In arithmetic,) Division. 5. Representation. 6. A measure equal to sixty-four Palas. E. bhaj to serve or share, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[bhaj + ana], n. 1. Sharing. 2. Possession. 3. Service, adoration.

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[bhājana, bhaj + ana], n. 1. Any vessel, as a pot or cup, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 8, M. M.; figuratively, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 194 (a vessel of love and confidence, a person on whom one may depend). 2. A fit person. 3. Sharing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhajana (भजन).—[neuter] adoration, worship; [feminine] the same.

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Bhājana (भाजन).—[neuter] vessel, dish, receptacle i.e. fit place or person for ([genetive] or —°, cf. pātra), substitute; adj. —° sharing, partaking of, relating or belonging to, serving or equivalent for.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन):—[from bhajaka > bhaj] m. Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of sharing, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] possession, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc.) reverence, worship, adoration, [Prabodha-candrodaya [Scholiast or Commentator]] (also -tā f. with [locative case] [Cāṇakya])

5) Bhājana (भाजन):—[from bhāga] n. ([from] [Causal]) sharing, division (in [arithmetic]), [Colebrooke]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. (ifc.) sharing or participating in, entitled or relating or belonging to, [Brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] n. ‘partaker of’, a recipient, receptacle, ([especially]) a vessel, pot, plate, cup, etc., [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] n. (with [genitive case] or ifc. with f(ā). ), a place or person in which anything is collected or in whom any quality is conspicuous, any fit object or clever or deserving person, [ib.] (cf. pātra)

9) [v.s. ...] n. the act of representing, representation (nena ind. with [genitive case] in the place of; ifc. a representative, deputy, substitute, serving for, equivalent to), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra]

10) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] measure (= an Āḍhaka= 14 Palas), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man

12) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] his descendants [gana] bidādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Worship; having. enjoying. m. Sound of the conch.

2) Bhājana (भाजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Any vessel; a fit person; a dividing, division.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhajanā (भजना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhayaṇā, Bhāyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhajana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhajana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bhajana (भजन) [Also spelled bhajan]:—(nm) a devotional song. hymn; repetition of the name of God; -[pūjana] devotion and adoration; -[bhāva] devotion and adoration, devotional practices; sense of devotion.

2) Bhajanā (भजना) [Also spelled bhajna]:—(v) to repeat the name of God; to remember God; to be engaged in devotional practices; to enjoy, to derive pleasure; ~[naṃdī] concentrated in and enjoying devotional chores.

3) Bhājana (भाजन) [Also spelled bhajan]:—(nm) a utensil, vessel; container; one who deserves; used as a suffix with nouns to mean one who enjoys/suffers/deserves (e.g. [kṛpābhājana, kopabhājana,], etc.)

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