Bhaiksha, Bhaikṣa: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Bhaiksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhaikṣa can be transliterated into English as Bhaiksa or Bhaiksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष) refers to “alms”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] [If] one wanders in the cremation-ground at night, with a skull in one’s hand and a Khaṭvāṅga, covered in ashes, that is called the cremation-ground observance. If one dances, sings, laughs and talks madly, with the body smeared in ashes and wearing rags, this is called the Gaṇavrata. One performs the Clod-of-Earth Observance by being engaged in recitation, feeding on alms (bhaikṣa-bhuj), sleeping on the earth, with senses controlled, engaged in meditation and restraint. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhaikṣa (भैक्ष) [or भैक्ष्य, bhaikṣya].—n S Alms (money or food) obtained by begging. 2 Mendicancy, beggary.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhaikṣa (भैक्ष).—

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष).—a. (-kṣī f.) [भिक्षैव तत्समूहो बा अण् (bhikṣaiva tatsamūho bā aṇ)] Living on alms.

-kṣam 1 Begging, mendicancy; भवत्पूर्वं चरेद् भैक्ष- मुपनीतो द्विजोत्तमः (bhavatpūrvaṃ cared bhaikṣa- mupanīto dvijottamaḥ) Manusmṛti 2.49; एककालं चरेद् भैक्षं न प्रसज्जेत विस्तरे (ekakālaṃ cared bhaikṣaṃ na prasajjeta vistare) Manusmṛti 6.55; Y.3.42.

2) Anything got by begging, alms, charity; भेक्षेण वर्तयेन्नित्यम् (bhekṣeṇa vartayennityam) Manusmṛti 2.188;4.5; गोरक्षणे संनियुक्तो गुरुणा भैक्षभोजनः (gorakṣaṇe saṃniyukto guruṇā bhaikṣabhojanaḥ) Bm.1.32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष).—n.

(-kṣaṃ) 1. Alms, what is collected by begging. 2. Begging, mendicancy. f. (-kṣī) Subsisting on alms. E. bhikṣā alms, given and received, aff. aṇ; alse bhaikṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष).—and bhaikṣya bhaikṣya, i. e. bhikṣā + a or ya, n. 1. Begging, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 48 (kṣa); [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 76, 4 (ya). 2. Living by alms, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 312 (ya). 3. What is collected by begging, alms, food, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 129 (ya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष).—[adjective] living by alms; [neuter] asking alms, mendicancy, begged food, alms. bhaikṣaṃ car & bhaikṣāya gam go about begging, beg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष):—mf(ī)n. ([from] bhikṣā) living on alms, subsisting by charity, [Mahābhārata]

2) n. asking alms, begging, mendicancy (kṣāya with √gam, to beg for alms, kṣam ifc. with √car, to go about begging for; kṣam with ā-√hṛ, or sam-ā-√hṛ, to collect alms or food; kṣeṇa with [Causal] of √vṛt, to subsist on alms), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) anything obtained by begging, begged food, charity, alms, [Gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) a multitude of alms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaikṣa (भैक्ष):—(kṣaṃ) 1. n. Alms collected by begging; mendicancy.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhaiksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhaikṣa (ಭೈಕ್ಷ):—

1) [noun] the act of wandering and requesting for alms.

2) [noun] money, food, clothes, etc. given as alms.

3) [noun] a beseeching, imploring for kindness, pity, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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