Bhagin, Bhāgin: 13 definitions


Bhagin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhāgin (भागिन्) refers to “one who is fortunate” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, as Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) said to Śiva: “[...] Please listen to my entreaty with a long heart. I am your slave. O dear lord, in humility I shall explain the same to you. O great god Śiva, by your favour I feel most fortunate [i.e., bhāgin-ohasabhāgyohaṃ mahādeva]. O lord, consider me your slave and be sympathetic towards me. Obeisance to you. O lord, I shall be visiting you daily along with my daughter. O lord, be pleased to command me accordingly”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Bhagin (भगिन्) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Bhaginī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Bhagin] are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhāgin.—(EI 24), same as Bhāgika, a collector of the king's grain share. Note: bhāgin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhāgin, (adj.) (fr. bhāga. Cp. Vedic bhāgin) sharing in, partaking of (with Gen.), endowed with; getting, receiving A. II, 80; III, 42 (āyussa vaṇṇassa etc.); J. I, 87 (rasānaṃ); Miln. 18 (sāmaññassa); Vism. 150 (lābhassa); DhA. II, 90; VbhA. 418 sq. (paññā as hāna-bhāginī, ṭhiti°, visesa° & nibbedha°).—Also in def. of term Bhagavā at Nd1 142=Nd2 466=Vism. 210.—pl. bhāgino Pv III, 112 (dukkhassa); PvA. 18 (dānaphalassa), 175.—Cp. bhāgavant, bhāgimant, bhāgiya. (Page 501)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhagin (भगिन्).—a. (- f.)

1) Prosperous, happy, fortunate.

2) Grand, splendid.

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Bhāgin (भागिन्).—a. [bhāga-ini]

1) Consisting of shares or parts.

2) Sharing, having a share; रूपस्य भागी भवति दृष्टमेतत्पुरातनैः (rūpasya bhāgī bhavati dṛṣṭametatpurātanaiḥ) Mb.3.84.57.

3) Sharing or participating in, partaking of; as in दुःख° (duḥkha°).

4) Concerned in, affected by.

5) A possessor, owner; तस्येह भागिनौ दृष्टौ बीजी क्षेत्रिक एव च (tasyeha bhāginau dṛṣṭau bījī kṣetrika eva ca) Ms.9.53.

6) Entitled to a share; औरसक्षेत्रजौ पुत्रौ पितृरिक्थस्य भागिनौ (aurasakṣetrajau putrau pitṛrikthasya bhāginau) Ms.9.165; विड्जास्तु द्व्येकभागिनः (viḍjāstu dvyekabhāginaḥ) Y.2.125.

7) Lucky, fortunate; शिवामृद्धां भागिनीं सुप्रसन्नाम् (śivāmṛddhāṃ bhāginīṃ suprasannām) Mb.13.26.86 (com. bhāginīṃ bhāgānāmaiśvaryādīnāṃ ṣaṇṇāṃ samūho bhāgaṃ tadvatīm).

8) Inferior, secondary.

9) Highly useful. Hence भागित्वम् (bhāgitvam) means 'high utility'; भागित्वाद्वा गवां स्यात् (bhāgitvādvā gavāṃ syāt) MS.1.3.47. [शबर (śabara) explains भागित्वात् (bhāgitvāt) as भागवत्यो हि महाभागाः । महति उपकारे वर्तन्ते इत्यर्थः (bhāgavatyo hi mahābhāgāḥ | mahati upakāre vartante ityarthaḥ) |]. -m. A co-heir.

-nī A co-heiress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhagin (भगिन्).—f. (-nī) Adj. 1. Prosperous, fortunate. 2. Grand, splendid.

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Bhāgin (भागिन्).—mfn. (gī-ginī-gi) 1. Who or what shares. 2. Having parts, consisting of parts or shares. mf. (-gī-ginī) A co-heir or co-heiress. E. bhāga and ghinuṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāgin (भागिन्).—i. e. bhaj and bhāga + in, I. adj., f. . 1. Who or what shares. 2. One who partakes, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 143; [Pañcatantra] 16, 2. 3. Undergoing, suffering, [Pañcatantra] 29, 9; 68, 23. 4. An owner, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 48. 5. Consisting of parts. Ii. m. A co-heir. Iii. f. , Co-heiress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhagin (भगिन्).—[adjective] fortunate, happy, splendid; [feminine] bhaginī sister.

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Bhāgin (भागिन्).—[adjective] sharing in, partaking of, responsible for, entitled to ([locative], [genetive], or —°); [masculine] partaker, owner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhagin (भगिन्):—a bhagīratha See p.744.

2) [from bhaj] b mfn. prosperous, happy, fortunate, perfect, splendid, glorious, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (superl. gi-tama), [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; ???]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of [Scholiast or Commentator] on Amara-koṣa (abridged [from] bhagī-ratha q.v.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Bhāgin (भागिन्):—[from bhāga] mfn. entitled to or receiving or possessing a share, partaking of, blessed with, concerned in, responsible for ([locative case], [genitive case] or [compound])

5) [v.s. ...] inferior, secondary, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a partner, owner, possessor, fortunate man, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] ‘the whole’ as consisting of parts, [Kapila]

8) [v.s. ...] a co-heir, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāgin (भागिन्):—[(gī-ginī-gi) a.] Sharing; consisting of parts or shares; a coheir or coheiress.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhāgin (भागिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhāilla, Bhāgi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhagin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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