Basta, Bāsta, Bashta: 13 definitions


Basta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bast.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Basta (बस्त)—Sanskrit word for the animal “goat”. This animal is from the group called Grāmya (‘domestic animals’). Grāmya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the goat is moderately cooling in its potency, does not increase the secretions of the internal organs, is heavy and demulcent, subdues the Pittam and the Kapham, and is beneficial in nasal catarrh.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Basta (बस्त) refers to the “goat” and represents the mount of the fire-god (Anala or Agni), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Indra mocked at Viṣṇu who was engrossed in his own arguments. He, the bearer of the thunderbolt, was desirous of fighting Vīrabhadra along with the other Devas. Then Indra rode on his elephant, the fire-god [i.e., Anala] rode on a goat (basta), Yama rode on his buffalo and Nirṛti rode on a ghost”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Basta is the name of a locality corresponding to the historical Vaṃśodāgrāma, as mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). Basta seems to be a corruption of Vaṃśodā through the intermediate form Bānsdā. There is a place called Bansda-Sadanandapur near the Basta railway station.

These copper plates (mentioning Basta) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

basta (बस्त).—m A he-goat.

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bastā (बस्ता).—m ( P) A bale (of cotton, cloth &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

basta (बस्त).—m A he-goat.

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bastā (बस्ता).—m A bale (of cotton, cloth &c.)

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bāsta (बास्त).—A goat; भवन्त्यध्वर्यवश्चान्ये बस्तश्मश्रुर्भृगुर्भवेत् (bhavantyadhvaryavaścānye bastaśmaśrurbhṛgurbhavet) Bhāg. 4.7.5.

Derivable forms: bastaḥ (बस्तः).

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Bāsta (बास्त).—a. (-stī f.) Coming or derived from a goat; कार्ष्णरौरवबास्तानि चर्माणि ब्रह्मचारिणः (kārṣṇarauravabāstāni carmāṇi brahmacāriṇaḥ) Manusmṛti 2.41.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Basta (बस्त).—m.

(-staḥ) A goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Basta (बस्त).—[masculine] a goat.

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Bāsta (बास्त).—[adjective] belonging to or coming from a goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Baṣṭa (बष्ट):—m. (Prākṛt.) = mūrkha, a fool, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Basta (बस्त):—m. (also written vasta) a goat, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) Bāsta (बास्त):—mf(ī)n. ([from] basta) coming from a goat (taṃ carma, a goat-skin), [Manu-smṛti ii, 41.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Basta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Basta (बस्त) [Also spelled bast]:—(nf) used only as the second member of the compound [cīja-basta] meaning-things, articles, belongings.

2) Bastā (बस्ता):—(nm) a bag, school bag; portfolio; a bundle; (a) tied; folded (as [dastabastā] —with folded hands); —[bāṃdhanā] to make preparations to go; to wind up the day’s work.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Basta (ಬಸ್ತ):—[noun] a he-goat.

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Bāṣṭa (ಬಾಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] a poison or venom.

2) [noun] a poisoned state caused by the absorption of pathogenic micro-organisms and their products into the blood-stream; sepsis.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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