Barhiṇa, Barhina, Bārhiṇa: 8 definitions



Barhiṇa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Barhiṇa (बर्हिण) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “peacock” of the smaller variety. According to the Manusmṛti XII.65, one is reborn as a barhiṇa when commiting the sin of stealing vegetables with leaves. It is also known as Varhiṇa. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Barhiṇa in Purana glossary
Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Barhiṇa (बर्हिण) refers to “peacocks”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa verse 5.3.8-13. Accordingly:—“[...] Seeing the city [viz., Laṅkā] everywhere Hanuma (Hanumān) became surprised at heart. Thereafter Hanuma the monkey, became happy seeing [...] lovely assembly halls, with sounds of Krauncha birds and peacocks (barhiṇa), [...], equalling the city of Vasvaukasārā, as though flying towards the sky. Seeing that city of Rāvaṇa, which was best among cities, a wealthy city, a beautiful and auspicious city, that powerful Hanuma thought thus”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Barhiṇa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Barhiṇa (बर्हिण).—a. Adorned with peacock's feathers.

-ṇaḥ A peacock; आवासवृक्षोन्मुखबर्हिणानि (āvāsavṛkṣonmukhabarhiṇāni) (vanāni) R.2.17;16.14; 19.37.

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Bārhiṇa (बार्हिण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [बर्हिन्-अण् (barhin-aṇ)] Derived from or relating to a peacock.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Barhiṇa (बर्हिण).—and varhiṇa varhiṇa, i. e. barhin + a, m. A peacock, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 43.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Barhiṇa (बर्हिण).—[masculine] a peacock (cf. barha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Barhiṇa (बर्हिण):—[from barha] mfn. adorned with peacock’s feathers, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a peacock, [Manu-smṛti; Āpastamba; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] n. Tabernaemontana Coronaria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 1000 small islands of Bharata-varṣa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Barhiṇa (बर्हिण):—(von 1. barha) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 122, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 5.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 32. fg.]

1) mit den Schwanzfedern eines Pfaues verziert [Mahābhārata 7, 557.] —

2) m. Pfau [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1319.] [Halāyudha 2, 86.] [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 2, 49.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 65.] [Mahābhārata 3, 1791. 14861.] [Harivaṃśa 5361. 8802.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 52, 3. 55, 33.] yadantaraṃ varhiṇalāvayorbhavet [3, 53, 58.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 83, 6.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 17.] kaṅkavarhiṇavājita (Pfeil) [Mahābhārata 6, 5294. 8, 546. 4684.] śarāḥ varhiṇalakṣaṇāḥ so v. a. mit Pfauenfedern verziert [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 26, 22.] śaktirvarhiṇalakṣaṇā [6, 80, 30.] vanavarhiṇa ein wilder Pfau; davon nom. abstr. tva [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 14.] Der acc. barhiṇam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 135] kann auch auf barhin zurückgeführt werden. — Vgl. bārhiṇa .

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Bārhiṇa (बार्हिण):—(von barhiṇa) adj. vom Pfau kommend; subst. Federn aus dem Schwanze des Pfaues: lakṣmaṇāḥ von Pfeilen [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 8, 4]; vgl. u. barhiṇa . Im gaṇa tālādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 152] ist vielleicht barhiṇa st. bārhiṇa zu lesen, so dass erst nach dieser Regel bārhiṇa zu bilden ware.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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