Barhaspatyasutra, Bārhaspatyasūtra, Barhaspatya-sutra: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Barhaspatyasutra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

[«previous (B) next»] — Barhaspatyasutra in Arthashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Rajadharma in the Mahabharata

Bārhaspatyasūtra (बार्हस्पत्यसूत्र).—Another treatise on science of polity or treatise of nīti is the Bārhaspatya-sūtra (the aphorisms of Bṛhaspati). It is a short work of general morals (nīti) , which is composed by Bṛhaspati, the preceptor of the gods, for Indra the king of heaven. The author mainly deals with the political ideas and notions in his sūtra.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (B) next»] — Barhaspatyasutra in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Bārhaspatya-sūtras (a patronymic of Brhaspati), also Lokāyata ("materialistic", "atheistic") sutras were the foundational text of the Cārvāka school of "materialist" (nastika) philosophy.

Probably dating to the final centuries BC (the Mauryan period), these texts have been lost, and are known only from fragmentary quotations. Dakshinaranjan Shastri in 1928 published 60 such verses. In 1959, he published 54 selected verses as Barhaspatya sutram. Shastri was of the opinion that many more fragments could be recovered. Bhattacharya (2002) attempts a new reconstruction, with the caveat that the more verses are listed, the greater the uncertainty that it will be either misquoted or foreign materials included as a part of the text.

Most of the fragments are found in works dated to the Indian Middle Ages, between roughly the 8th and 12th centuries. The extensive 14th century treatise on Indian philosophy by Sayana, the Sarvadarshanasamgraha, gives a detailed account of Cārvāka, but it doesn't quote Cārvāka texts directly, instead paraphrasing the doctrine according to the understanding of a learned 14th century Vedantin. Bhattacharya lists 68 items on 9 pages.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Barhaspatyasutra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bārhaspatyasūtra (बार्हस्पत्यसूत्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in 6 Adhyāyāḥ [dharma] Whish 169, 3.

Bārhaspatyasūtra has the following synonyms: Nītisarvasva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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