Barhaspatyamana, Bārhaspatyamāna, Barhaspatya-mana: 1 definition



Barhaspatyamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatyamana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: A Concise Encyclopaedia of Hinduism: Bārhaspatya-māna

Bārhaspatyamāna (बार्हस्पत्यमान).—The Bārhaspatya-māna is a method of reckoning time in cycles of 60 years (Sūryasiddhānta 14.1-2) which is quite common in South India even now. The sidereal period of Bṛhaspati or planet Jupiter is nearly 112 sidereal years. Hence Jupiter stays roughly for one year in one zodiacal sign, if the calculation is based on mean motion.

This led to the devising of a cycle of 12 Jovian years of about 361 days each. At some period, a five-fold multiple, a cycle of 60 Jovian or Bārhaspatya years, each with a special name suffixed by the word saṃvatsara (= year) came into use. The earliest available evidence points to the 6th century A. D., as found in the inscription of the Cālukyan king Maṅgaleśa.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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