Barbarika, Barbarīka, Barbarikā: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Barbarika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Barbarika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Barbarīka (बर्बरीक) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Barbarika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Barbarika (बर्बरिक).—Son of Maurvī born of Ghaṭotkaca, son of Bhīma. Skanda Purāṇa gives the following details about him.

Barbarika was a Yakṣa in his previous life. Once the devas unable to bear the insufferable harm done to them by the Dānavas approached Lord Mahāviṣṇu for help and then the Yakṣa who was present there at that time said with arrogance, "There is no need for Viṣṇu to curb the activities of the Dānavas. I shall do it myself." Hearing those arrogant words Brahmā cursed him saying that in his next life he would be killed by Viṣṇu.

True to the curse the Yakṣa was born in his next life as Barbarika, son of Ghaṭotkaca. To lessen the force of the curse Kṛṣṇa advised him to worship Devī. At last pleasing the goddess by the kindly help of a brahmin named Vijaya Barbarika killed a demoness called Mahājihva and a demon of name Repalendra. The brāhmin further gave him a weapon named Vibhūti which could split the vital centres of the body of an enemy and said, "Use this weapon against the Kauravas who oppose the Pāṇḍavas."

Once Barbarika defeated his grandfather Bhīma in a battle and greatly grieved over the injury done started to commit suicide. Then Devī appeared before him and reminded him thus, "You will get salvation only if you are killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa and so desist from committing suicide."

The great war started and Barbarika fighting on the side of the Pāṇḍavas started using his weapon Vibhūti. He sent it against all excepting the Pāṇḍavas, Kṛpācārya and Aśvatthāmā. He did not leave even Kṛṣṇa alone and the weapon fell on the feet of Kṛṣṇa also. Enraged at this Kṛṣṇa used his Sudarśana Cakra and cut off his head; at once Devī appeared and brought him to life. After the great battle on the advice of Kṛṣṇa Barbarika went and lived in Guptakṣetra.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Barbarika in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Barbarikā (बर्बरिका) or Barbarī is the name of a dancing girl, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“They (i.e., Aparājita and Anantavīrya) had two slave-girls, Barbarī and Kirātī, adorned with skill in singing, dancing, et cetera. Singing and dancing more beautifully than Rambhā, etc, they delighted the minds of Bala and Anantavīrya. One day, Tālāṅka (Aparājita) and Garuḍadhvaja (Anantavīrya), presiding over the assembly, began to have a fine play acted by them. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Barbarika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Barbarīka (बर्बरीक).—

1) Curly hair; a mode of wearing the hair.

2) White sandal-wood.

Derivable forms: barbarīkam (बर्बरीकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Barbarīka (बर्बरीक):—[from barbara] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) curly hair or a [particular] mode of wearing the hair

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of vegetable

3) [v.s. ...] Ocimum Villosum

4) [v.s. ...] Clerodendrum Siphonantus

5) [v.s. ...] m. a form of Śiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Barbarika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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