Barbari: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Barbari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Barbari (बर्बरि).—A son of Aṭṭahāsa, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 193.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Barbarī (बर्बरी) or Barbarikā is the name of a dancing girl, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“They (i.e., Aparājita and Anantavīrya) had two slave-girls, Barbarī and Kirātī, adorned with skill in singing, dancing, et cetera. Singing and dancing more beautifully than Rambhā, etc, they delighted the minds of Bala and Anantavīrya. One day, Tālāṅka (Aparājita) and Garuḍadhvaja (Anantavīrya), presiding over the assembly, began to have a fine play acted by them. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Barbari in India is the name of a plant defined with Ocimum basilicum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plectranthus barrelieri Spreng. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Mant. Pl. (1767)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (1985)
· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1986)
· Beskr. Guin. Pl. (1827)
· Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae, Botanica (1992)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Barbari, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Barbarī (बर्बरी):—[from barbara] a f. See below

2) [v.s. ...] vermilion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] gum-myrrh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] yellow sandal-wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] = barbarī f. and rīka n.

6) Barbari (बर्बरि):—[from barbara] m. Name of a man, [Catalogue(s)] (cf. varvara).

7) Barbarī (बर्बरी):—[from barbara] b f. a species of Ocimum, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] = barbara n. and rīka n.

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Barbari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bārbari (ಬಾರ್ಬರಿ):—[noun] the plant Berberis aristata of Berberidaceae family; Indian barbery.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Barbari is another spelling for बरबरी [barabarī].—adv. to fall or roll down heavily;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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