Bandhuka, Bandhūka, Bamdhuka, Vandhūka, Vandhuka: 17 definitions
Bandhuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Bandhūka (बन्धूक) is the name of a plant which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] by worshipping with Bandhūka flowers the devotee will get ornaments (bhūṣaṇa); with Jātī flowers he will acquire good vehicles; with Atasī flowers he will attain favour of Viṣṇu”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)
Bandhūka (बन्धूक) or Bandhūkapuṣpa refers to a “Bandhūka flower”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. Accordingly, “O goddess, Svacchanda is in the middle, within the abode of the triangle. Very powerful, he has five faces with three times five flaming eyes. He has ten arms and, very fierce, is adorned with many garlands, ornaments, necklaces and anklets. He has beautiful matted hair and the half moon is his crest jewel. O beloved, the face in the east is white like cow’s milk, it shines brilliant white. Generating great energy, contemplate it thus. One should think that the northern face is like the young rising sun, the form of a pomegranate flower and (red) like a Bandhūka [i.e., bandhūkapuṣpa-sannibha]”.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)
Vandhuka (वन्धुक) are prohibited in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Vandhuka][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Bandhuka [বন্ধুক] in the Bengali language is the name of a plant identified with Pentapetes phoenicea L. from the Malvaceae (Mallow) family. For the possible medicinal usage of bandhuka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.
Bandhuka [बंधूक] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Bandhūka (बन्धूक) or Bandhūjīvaka refers to a type of red flower, according to the Kulakaulinīmata.—Accordingly, “The goddess in the middle is (red) like vermillion and the Javā and Bandhūka flower (bandhūjīvaka-varṇābhā). She is charming and beautiful. Auspicious, she holds a flower bow and arrows, noose and goad. Her topknot is red and she holds a bowl and a citron. She is joyful with the bliss of wine. She wears red clothes and has long red eyes. (Her) lips are (like) a flaming red lotus and she shines with red flowers. She is the mother (who makes people) passionate with attachment and she colours this universe (with desire). Kāma, along with spring, resides in the Nanda forest. The (spring) breezes are close to him, in front and behind”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
India history and geographySource: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
Bandhuka is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Bandhuka is known for the loveliness of its flowers.
Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (e.g., Bandhuka), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bandhuka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Bandhuka, (adj.) (fr. bandhu) 1. the plant Pentapetes phœnicea J. IV, 279 (°puppha, evidently only a contraction of bandhu-jīvaka, cp. C. bandhujīvaka‹-› puppha; although Sk. bandhūka is given as syn. of bandhujīva at Halāyudha 2, 53).—2. in bandhukaroga M. II, 121 prob. to be read paṇḍuka°, as v. l. BB; see paṇḍuroga. (Page 482)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The tree called बन्धुजीव (bandhujīva).
2) A bastard.
-kā, -kī An unchaste woman (see bandhakī).
Derivable forms: bandhukaḥ (बन्धुकः).
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Bandhūka (बन्धूक).—[bandh-ūka] Name of a tree; तवकरनिकरेण स्पष्टबन्धूकसूनस्तबकरचितमेते शेखरं बिभ्रतीव (tavakaranikareṇa spaṣṭabandhūkasūnastabakaracitamete śekharaṃ bibhratīva) Śi.11.46; Ṛs.3.5.
-kam A flower of this tree; बन्धूकद्युतिबान्धवोऽयमधरः (bandhūkadyutibāndhavo'yamadharaḥ) Gīt.1; Ṛs.3.25.
Derivable forms: bandhūkaḥ (बन्धूकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) A flower: see bandhūka .
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(-kaḥ) 1. A shrub bearing a red flower, (Pentapetes Phœnicea, but also applied to the Ixora Bandhuca.) 2. A tree, (Pentaptera.) 3. A bastard. E. bandh to bind, ūka aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bandhūka (बन्धूक).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bandhuka (बन्धुक):—[from bandh] m. Pentapetes Phoenicea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] a bastard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. bandhuta)
3) Bandhukā (बन्धुका):—[from bandhuka > bandh] f. [gana] prekṣādi
4) Bandhūka (बन्धूक):—[from bandh] m. Pentapetes Phoenicea (n. its flower), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]
5) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) Bāndhuka (बान्धुक):—mf(ī)n. belonging to or derived from the Bandhuka tree, [Kāṭhaka] ([Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra] māndhuka).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bandhuka (बन्धुक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A flower, a shrub (Pentapetes phoenicea).
2) Bandhūka (बन्धूक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A shrub bearing a red flower (Pentapetes phoenicea).Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Bandhūka (बन्धूक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Baṃdhūṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the plant Taxillus cuneatus ( =Loranthus cuneatus) of Loranthaceae family.
2) [noun] the plant Loranthus longiflorus of the same family.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+129): Bandhukapushpa, Bandhukin, Bandhuli, Arkavallabha, Raktapushpa, Bamdhulu, Bandhula, Mandhuka, Bandhukapushparajas, Madhyadina, Udbandhuka, Panduka, Oshthapushpa, Bandhuki, Bamdhuna, Subrahmabandhuka, Nupura, Abrahmabandhuka, Suryabhakta, Bandhukabandhu.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Bandhuka, Bandhūka, Bandhukā, Bāndhuka, Bamdhuka, Baṃdhūka, Vandhūka, Vandhuka, Vandhukā, Vāndhuka; (plurals include: Bandhukas, Bandhūkas, Bandhukās, Bāndhukas, Bamdhukas, Baṃdhūkas, Vandhūkas, Vandhukas, Vandhukās, Vāndhukas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Coral (pravala) < [Chapter XXII - Gems (12): Pravala (coral)]
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 8.10 - Characteristics of Śarad-kāla (autumn season) < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Part 7.14 - Poetic conventions regarding to the God Kāmadeva < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 3 - Rāma Enters Ayodhyā < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
Chapter 36 - Sunīthā Gets Married and Vena is Born < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]