Bandhuka, Bandhūka, Vandhūka, Vandhuka: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bandhuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bandhuka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bandhūka (बन्धूक) is the name of a plant which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] by worshipping with Bandhūka flowers the devotee will get ornaments (bhūṣaṇa); with Jātī flowers he will acquire good vehicles; with Atasī flowers he will attain favour of Viṣṇu”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Vandhuka (वन्धुक) are prohibited in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Vandhuka][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Bandhuka is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Bandhuka is known for the loveliness of its flowers.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (e.g., Bandhuka), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bandhuka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bandhuka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhuka, (adj.) (fr. bandhu) 1. the plant Pentapetes phœnicea J. IV, 279 (°puppha, evidently only a contraction of bandhu-jīvaka, cp. C. bandhujīvaka‹-› puppha; although Sk. bandhūka is given as syn. of bandhujīva at Halāyudha 2, 53).—2. in bandhukaroga M. II, 121 prob. to be read paṇḍuka°, as v. l. BB; see paṇḍuroga. (Page 482)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bandhuka (बन्धुक).—

1) The tree called बन्धुजीव (bandhujīva).

2) A bastard.

-kā, -kī An unchaste woman (see bandhakī).

Derivable forms: bandhukaḥ (बन्धुकः).

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Bandhūka (बन्धूक).—[bandh-ūka] Name of a tree; तवकरनिकरेण स्पष्टबन्धूकसूनस्तबकरचितमेते शेखरं बिभ्रतीव (tavakaranikareṇa spaṣṭabandhūkasūnastabakaracitamete śekharaṃ bibhratīva) Śi.11.46; Ṛs.3.5.

-kam A flower of this tree; बन्धूकद्युतिबान्धवोऽयमधरः (bandhūkadyutibāndhavo'yamadharaḥ) Gīt.1; Ṛs.3.25.

Derivable forms: bandhūkaḥ (बन्धूकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhuka (बन्धुक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A flower: see bandhūka .

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Bandhūka (बन्धूक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A shrub bearing a red flower, (Pentapetes Phœnicea, but also applied to the Ixora Bandhuca.) 2. A tree, (Pentaptera.) 3. A bastard. E. bandh to bind, ūka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhūka (बन्धूक).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bandhuka (बन्धुक):—[from bandh] m. Pentapetes Phoenicea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a bastard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. bandhuta)

3) Bandhukā (बन्धुका):—[from bandhuka > bandh] f. [gana] prekṣādi

4) Bandhūka (बन्धूक):—[from bandh] m. Pentapetes Phoenicea (n. its flower), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Bāndhuka (बान्धुक):—mf(ī)n. belonging to or derived from the Bandhuka tree, [Kāṭhaka] ([Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra] māndhuka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bandhuka (बन्धुक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A flower, a shrub (Pentapetes phoenicea).

2) Bandhūka (बन्धूक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A shrub bearing a red flower (Pentapetes phoenicea).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bandhuka (बन्धुक):——

1) m. — a) Pentapetes phoenicea. — b) Bastard.

2) f. ā gaṇa preksādi. —

3) f. I ein liederliches Weib.

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Bandhūka (बन्धूक):—m.

1) Pentapetes phoenicen ; n. die Blüthe [Naiṣadhacarita 7,37.] —

2) *Terminalia tomentosa.

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Bāndhuka (बान्धुक):—Adj. vom Baum Bandhuka kommend. māndhuka st. dessen [Āpastamba’s Śrautasūtra 17,14.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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