Balikarman, Bali-karma, Bali-karman, Balikarma: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Balikarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Architecture Of Manasara

Balikarma (बलिकर्म) or Balikarman refers to “sacrificial offerings”, according to the Mānasāra chapter 8.30-32.—Accordingly, “[...] in matter of sacrificial prayer, the architect should meditate on his own Śiva (i.e. special deity). Why this (should be done), in order to propitiate the gods as well as the evil genii and goblins. If all details of the ground-plan be arranged without making these offerings, the site will be destroyed by the terrible demons; to avoid this defect, the sacrificial offerings (balikarma) must be made. When these offerings are made by a builder in the village temple of Śiva (or other deity) there would be always prosperity, contentment, peace and welfare, and the devotion of the master (of the village)”.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Balikarman in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Balikarma (बलिकर्म) refers to “sacrificial offerings” (viz., flowers, etc.), according to a footnote at the Śivapurāṇa chapter 7.2.27. Accordingly, —“[...]  after the rites in the fire (agnikārya) have been concluded he shall perform the oblation rite according to the injunctions in the Śaivite scriptures or as mentioned in his own Sūtra. Then after conceiving the seat of Vidyā (viz., vidyāsana) on the well-smeared Maṇḍala he shall install the sheath of Vidyā and worship the same with flowers etc. (balikarma) in due order”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: WorldCat: Samarāṅgaṇa sūtradhāra of Bhojadeva

Balikarma (बलिकर्म) refers to “offerings” (worship materials), according to the Samarāṅgaṇa Sūtradhāra verse 37.43.—“[...] then the Architect having sipped may take to the offering of offerings or worship materials (balikarma). At the time of the plumbing process the wise one may act the way it may be salubrious for all”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Balikarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balikarman (बलिकर्मन्).—n.

1) offering oblations to all creatures.

2) the act of worshipping.

3) payment of tribute.

Balikarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bali and karman (कर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balikarman (बलिकर्मन्).—[neuter] the presenting of a pious oblation (v. [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balikarman (बलिकर्मन्):—[=bali-karman] [from bali] n. offering oblations to all creatures, [Gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] presentation or payment of tribute, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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