Balhika, Bāḷhika, Bālhīka, Balhīkā, Bālhika: 11 definitions


Balhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bāḷhika can be transliterated into English as Balhika or Balihika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Balhika in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Bālhīka (बाल्हीक) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Same as Vāhīka.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bālhīka (बाल्हीक).—(BĀLHIKA) I. A powerful king born in the family of Ahara. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 25).

2) Bālhīka (बाल्हीक).—A king who in his previous life was the asura called Krodhavaśa. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 96, Stanza 12, that this King helped the Kauravas in the battle of Kurukṣetra.

3) Bālhīka (बाल्हीक).—A king who was the third son of Janamejaya and the grandson of King Kuru. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Stanza 56).

4) Bālhīka (बाल्हीक).—A son of Pratīpa, a King of the Kuru dynasty. He had two brothers, Devāpi and Śantanu. It is said in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 94 that Sunandā, the princess of the country of Śibi was their mother. Mention is made in Bhāgavata, Skandha 9, Chapter 22, Stanza 18 that this king Bālhīka had a son named Somadatta. Bālhīka was a friend of the Kauravas and the Pāṇḍavas. Bālhīka exhorted them strongly, not to engage in a battle. Still, when the battle was begun, Bālhīka sided with the Kauravas. Bālhīka was once elected as the general of eleven divisions of the army of Dury odhana.

The achievements of Bālhīka in the battle of Kurukṣetra are given below:—

There was a combat on the first day of the battle between Bālhīka and Dhṛṣtaketu. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 38).

Bhīmasena defeated Bālhīka. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 104, Stanza 26).

Fought with Drupada. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 25, Stanza 18).

Bālhīka fought with Śikhaṇḍī. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 96, Stanza 7).

Bhīmasena killed Bālhīka. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 157, Stanza 15).

5) Bālhīka (बाल्हीक).—The charioteer of Dharmaputra. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 58, Stanza 20).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Bālhika (बाल्हिक) is the name of a country (possibly identified with Balkh), classified as both Hādi and Kādi (both types of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Bālhika] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Balhika (बल्हिक) is the name of a people in the Atharvaveda where the fever (Takman) is called upon to go to the Mūjavants, the Mahāvṛṣas, and the Balhikas. The Mūjavants are quite certainly a northern tribe, and though, as Bloomfield suggests, the passage may contain a pun on Balhika as suggesting “outsider” (from bahis, “without”), still no doubt the name was chosen from a northern tribe. But the view of Roth and Weber, which Zimmer once accepted, that an Iranian tribe is referred to (cf. Balkh), is not at all probable. Zimmer6 shows that there is no need whatever to assume Iranian influence. See also Parśu.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Balhika in India is the name of a plant defined with Crocus sativus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Geanthus autumnalis Raf. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nomenclator Botanicus (1840)
· BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2004)
· Illustrations of the Botany of the Himalayan Mountains (1834)
· Fl. Ital. (1860)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Balhika, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Balhika in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bāḷhika, (adj.) (fr. bāḷha), only in su° having excess of good things, very prosperous J. V, 214 (C. expls by suṭṭhu aḍḍha). (Page 486)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balhīkā (बल्हीका).—(pl.) Name of a country (Balkh) and its inhabitants.

Derivable forms: balhīkāḥ (बल्हीकाः).

See also (synonyms): bahlikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balhika (बल्हिक).—[masculine] [Name] of a man, [plural] of a people.

--- OR ---

Bālhika (बाल्हिक).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

--- OR ---

Bālhīka (बाल्हीक).—[masculine] [plural] = [preceding]; a ([feminine] ī) belonging to or coming from the B.; [neuter] saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balhika (बल्हिक):—[from balhi] n. = bālhīka, Asa Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Bālhika (बाल्हिक):—[from bālhava] m. ([plural]) Name of a people, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] a king of the Bālhikas, [ib.; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Pratīpa, [Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) of a dynasty, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. of the Balkh breed (as horses), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] n. ([wrong reading] bālhaka) saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Asa Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Bālhīka (बाल्हीक):—[from bālhava] m. ([plural]) Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] a prince of the Bālhīkas, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Janam-ejaya, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Pratīpa, [ib.; Purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] of the father of Rohiṇī (wife of Vasu-deva), [Harivaṃśa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a Gandharva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

16) [from bālhava] mf(ī)n. belonging to or derived from the Bālhikas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] n. = bālhika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Balhika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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