Balavat: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Balavat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Balavat (बलवत्) refers to “powerful”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, when in conflict with a powerful enemy [i.e., balavat-śatru-vigraha], when the land is afflicted with drought, when locusts and soldiers come (to ravage it), when (one seeks to) remedy disease and suffering, when there is a fight between relatives for kingdom, when the king is deposed, during solitary combat in a great battle, in order to (get a) son, when one fails to gets a young virgin (bride), during a marriage, in order to gain victory, (or) when a fort is under attack. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Balavat (बलवत्) refers to “very strong”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as Goddess Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā) said to Menā:—“May hundred heroic sons be born to you. One of them very strong [i.e., balavat-mukhya] will be born at first. I shall be born as your daughter since I am delighted by your devotion. Since I have been served by the gods I shall fulfil their desire and carry out their activities”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Balavat (बलवत्) refers to “powerful”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said: “O friends, vices are the darkness but the purity is the light. Vices are of weak power but the expanded vision is powerful (balavat). Vices are accidental but its essential nature is of pure root. Vices are false imaginations but its essential nature is the absence of false imagination. It is like this, friends, this great earth is based on water, water is supported by wind, wind is founded on space, but space is dependent on nothing. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Balavat (बलवत्) refers to “one possessing power”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys. If there is a powerful [man] [com.—possessing power (balavān)], seen or heard about, who opposes the command of Yama, having honoured him you must possess health. [As there is] no such individual, why [make] the effort [for health] in vain?”.

Synonyms: Balin.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balavat (बलवत्).—a.

1) Strong, powerful, mighty; विधिरहो बलवानिति मे मतिः (vidhiraho balavāniti me matiḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.91.

2) Stout, robust; बलवानपि निस्तेजाः कस्य नाभिभवास्पदम् (balavānapi nistejāḥ kasya nābhibhavāspadam) H.2.132.

3) Dense, thick (as darkness, &c.)

4) Getting the upper hand, predominant, prevailing; बलवानिन्द्रियग्रामो विद्वांसमपि कर्षति (balavānindriyagrāmo vidvāṃsamapi karṣati) Ms. 2.215.

5) More important, of greater weight; लोकापवादो बलवान् मतो मे (lokāpavādo balavān mato me) R.14.4.

6) Accompained by an army. -m.

1) Name of the 8th Muhūrta.

2) Phlegm; Gīrvāṇa.

-tī Small cardamoms. -ind.

1) Strongly, powerfully, forcibly; पुनर्वशित्वाद्बलवन्निगृह्य (punarvaśitvādbalavannigṛhya) Kumārasambhava 3.69.

2) Very much, excessively, in a high degree; बलवत्तर्पितश्चाहं बलवान् भगवंस्त्वया (balavattarpitaścāhaṃ balavān bhagavaṃstvayā) Rām.2.92.5; बलवदपि शिक्षितानामात्मन्यप्रत्ययं चेतः (balavadapi śikṣitānāmātmanyapratyayaṃ cetaḥ) Ś.1.2; शीतार्तिं बलवदुपेयुषेव नीरैः (śītārtiṃ balavadupeyuṣeva nīraiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 8.62; Ś.5.31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balavat (बलवत्).—mfn. (-vān-vatī-vat) Strong, stout, lusty, powerful. E. bala strength, and matup poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balavat (बलवत्):—[=bala-vat] [from bala > bal] mfn. (bala-) possessing power, powerful, mighty, strong, intense, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] vehement (as love, desire etc.), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] dense (as darkness), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

4) [v.s. ...] preponderating, prevailing (also with [ablative], ‘over’), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

5) [v.s. ...] accompanied by an army, [Inscriptions]

6) [v.s. ...] ind. powerfully, strongly, vehemently, much, well, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the 8th Muhūrta, [Varāha-mihira]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balavat (बलवत्):—[(vān-vatī-vat) a.] Strong.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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