Ayojjha, Ayojjhā: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ayojjha means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Ayojjha - A city of the Ganges (but see below in this article). Two visits of the Buddha to this city are recorded in the Canon; on one occasion he preached the Phena Sutta (S.iii.140ff ) and on the other the Darukkhandha Sutta (S.iv.179f). In both these references the city is said to be on the Ganges; the town usually called Ayojjha (Ayodhya) is certainly not on this river. The records, therefore, go back either to a confused or an unintelligent tradition (see Thomas: op. cit., 15; cf. Saketa), or may possibly refer to another settlement made by colonists from the original Ayojjha. It is worthy of note that in the Darukkhandha Sutta some of the MSS. read Kosambi for Ayojjha. But even Kosambi (q.v.) was on the Jumna and not on the Ganges.

During the Buddhist period, Ayojjha on the Sarayu was the capital of Dakkhina Kosala, the janapada roughly corresponding to modern Oudh. This, the Ayodhya of the Ramayana, is about a mile from the modern Fyzabad. In the Jataka Commentary (J.iv.82) there is a mention of Ayojjha, which here evidently refers to the city of the Sanskrit epics. It is called the capital of King Kalasena. It was besieged by the Andhavenhuputta, who breached the wall and took the king prisoner. Having thus subjugated the city, they went to Dvaravati.

The Dipavamsa (iii.15) mentions Ayujjhanagara as the capital of King Arindama and of fifty five of his descendants.

According to Buddhaghosa (SA.ii.233-4), the people of Ayujjhanagara built for the Buddha a vihara in a spot surrounded by forest near a curve of the river. Once a warrior named Jagatipala, of the race of Rama, came to Ceylon from Ayojjha, and having slain Vikkampandu, the heir apparent to the throne, ruled in Rohana for five years. Cv.lvi.13ff.

2. Ayojjha - Capital of Siam. From there Vijayarajasiha, King of Ceylon, obtained monks for his own country (Cv.xcviii.91f). A few years later his successor, Kittisirirajasiha, sent an embassy there for the same purpose.

The King of Siam showed the embassy every mark of favour and granted them the monks. The monks, who came from Ayojjha to Ceylon, re established the ordination of monks in the Island. Cv.xcviii.60-139; see also J.R.A.S. (Ceylon Branch), 1903, No.54, pp.17ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Ayojjhā (अयोज्झा) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—There are references to Ayojjhā in Pāli literature. In the Saṃyutta (Vol. III, p. 140) we are told that the Buddha once dwelt in Ayojjhā on the bank of the Ganges. During the Buddhist period, Ayojjhā on the Sarayū was the capital of Dakṣiṇa Kosala, while that of Uttarā Kosala was Sāvatthī on the Rāpti.

Ayojjhā represents Sanskrit Ayodhyā of the Rāmāyaṇa and A-yu-te of Yuan Chwang who places it 600 li to the south-east of the neighbourhood of Navadevakula city identified with Newal in Unao district, U.P. Ayodhyā is only a mile from Fyzabad. The Janapada roughly corresponds to modern Oudh.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ayojjha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ayojjha : (adj.) unconquerable.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ayojjha, (adj.) (Sk. ayodhya) not to be conquered or subdued M. II, 24. (Page 75)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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