Ayata, Āyata, Āyāta, Ayāta: 12 definitions


Ayata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Āyata (आयत) refers to a type of posture (sthāna) for women (strī); defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. Accordingly, “The sthāna will be maintained by a dancer till any movement begins. For during a dance the sthāna is at an end when the cārī (‘dance-steps’) has begun. This is the rule of the sthāna for women and for men as well.”

(Instructions for Āyata): In the Āyata Sthāna (posture) the right foot will be Sama, the left (lit. the other at the side) foot Tryaśra (obliquely placed) and the left raised.

(Uses of Āyata): This sthāna is to be used in invocation, dismissal, observing carefully, thinking and dissimulation. And the first appearance on the stage, scattering handfuls of flowers on the stage, anger due to jealous love, twisting the forefinger, prohibition, pride, profundity, silence, fit of resentment (māna) and looking to the horizon are also to be represented from this Sthāna.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Āyata (आयत) refers to one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which represents one of the four “movements of the feet” (pāda) according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa. The second maṇḍala is āyata-maṇḍala where the dancer is found standing in caturasra, bending the knees slightly and obliquely and keeping a distance of vitasti between the feet. This posture is termed as kṣipta pose in Bharatanatyam. This posture is found in iconography but there is no separate term used for this pose. The icon of Somāskanda is found in this posture.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ayata (अयत).—Rectangle. Note: Ayata is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āyata.—(CII 1), engaged or appointed. Note: āyata is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āyata : (adj.) long; extended; broad. || āyāta (pp. of āyāti), come; approached.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āyāta, (pp. of āyāt. ; cp. BSk. āyāta in same meaning at Jtm 210) gone to, undertaken Sdhp. 407. (Page 106)

— or —

Āyata, (Sk. āyata, pp. of ā + yam, cp. āyamati) — 1. (adj.) outstretched, extended, long, in length (with numeral) D. III, 73 (ñātikkhaya, prolonged or heavy?); M. I, 178 (dīghato ā°; tiriyañ ca vitthata); J. I, 77, 273 (tettiṃs’-aṅgul’āyato khaggo); III, 438; Vv 8415 (°aṃsa; cp. expln. at VvA. 339); SnA 447; DhsA. 48; PvA. 152 (dāṭhā fangs; lomā hair), 185 (°vaṭṭa); Sdhp. 257.—2. (n.) a bow J. III, 438.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ayaṭa (अयट).—f unc Showiness, smartness, dashiness or spiritedness (of appearance, gait, mien, action).

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ayatā (अयता).—a and its compounds. See āyatā.

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ayata (अयत).—a S Long.

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āyatā (आयता).—m (ayatnataḥ S) A sort of hastypudding, --flour hurriedly kneaded up with salt and slightly baked.

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āyatā (आयता).—ad decl (ayatnataḥ S) Without effort or toil after; without labor, care, or search; at hand; ready-made; already accommodated to one's purpose. Ex. mī āmbyācē jhāḍākhālīṃ gēlōṃ tō ā0 āmbā puḍhēṃ paḍalā; hā ḍāginā mīṃ karavilā nāhīṃ malā ā0 miḷālā. 2 (Arriving, happening, being) Without our agency or thought--the person, event, thing desired. 3 (āyāta S Come.) Arrived, come, now present;--used of time. Ex. lagnācēṃ sāhitya adhīṃ karūna ṭhēvā mhaṇajē āyatē vēḷēsa khōḷambā hōṇāra nāhīṃ.

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āyāta (आयात).—p S Arrived, approached, reached unto, come.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āyata (आयत).—a Long.

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āyatā (आयता).—ad Ready-made; without effort Come. āyatyā piṭhāvara rēghā ōḍhaṇēṃ Riot and revel upon patrimonial or ready–got wealth. To enjoy at the expense of property derived from another. āyatyāvara kōyatā About to reap the fruit of a labour that is almost over. Lavishness over an- other's material or over material that has been obtained without cost or labour. āyatyāvara rāyatēṃ karaṇēṃ To spend from present stock. āyatyā biḷīṃ nāgōbā baḷī One who usurps the fruit of an other's labour. āyatyā vēḷēsa Upon oc- casion; at the moment of need.

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āyata (आयत).—p Arrived.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ayata (अयत).—a. Uncontrolled, unchecked.

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Ayāta (अयात).—a. Not gone. अयातमस्य ददृशे न यातम् (ayātamasya dadṛśe na yātam) Av.1.8.8.

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Āyata (आयत).—p. p.

1) Long; दशाङ्गुलमायता यष्टिः (daśāṅgulamāyatā yaṣṭiḥ) a stick ten fingers long; शतमध्यर्धं (śatamadhyardhaṃ) (yojanaṃ) आयता (āyatā) Mb.; °स्वभावानि च दुःखानि (svabhāvāni ca duḥkhāni) K.175 lasting.

2) Diffuse, prolix.

3) Big, large, great; Pt.1.

4) Drawn, attracted.

5) Long drawn, distant; high-pitched; स्वचित्तायतनिःस्वनम् (svacittāyataniḥsvanam) Rām. 1.4.33.

6) Curbed, restrained.

7) Asleep; तं नायतं बोधयोदित्याहुः (taṃ nāyataṃ bodhayodityāhuḥ) Bṛ. Up.4.3.14.

-taḥ An oblong (in geometry).

-tam ind. Deeply, long; मैथिलीमाहृतां दृष्ट्वा ध्यात्वा निःश्वस्य चायतम् (maithilīmāhṛtāṃ dṛṣṭvā dhyātvā niḥśvasya cāyatam) Rām.6.111.71.

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Āyāta (आयात).—a. Come, approached; आयाता मधुयामिनी यदि पुनर्नायात एव प्रभुः (āyātā madhuyāminī yadi punarnāyāta eva prabhuḥ) Śṛ. Til.

-tam Excess, superabundance (udreka); रागायाते (rāgāyāte) Ki.5.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyata (आयत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Long. 2. Diffuse, prolix. m.

(-taḥ) An oblong figure, (in geometry.) E. āṅ before yam to cease, affix kta.

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Āyāta (आयात).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Come. E. āṅ before yāta gone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyata (आयत).—[adjective] extended, long; turned towards, put on (arrow); [neuter] & [instrumental] [feminine] tayā [adverb] directly, forthwith.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ayata (अयत):—[=a-yata] [from a-yat] mfn. unrestrained, uncontrolled.

2) Ayāta (अयात):—[=a-yāta] mfn. not gone, [Atharva-veda x, 8, 8.]

3) Āyata (आयत):—[=ā-yata] [from ā-yam] mfn. stretched, lengthened, put on (as an arrow)

4) [v.s. ...] stretching, extending, extended, spread over

5) [v.s. ...] directed towards, aiming at

6) [v.s. ...] extended, long, future, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa; Śiśupāla-vadha; Kirātārjunīya] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. an oblong figure (in geometry)

8) Āyatā (आयता):—[=ā-yatā] [from ā-yata > ā-yam] f. a particular interval (in music)

9) Āyāta (आयात):—[=ā-yāta] [from ā-yā] mfn. come, arrived, attained, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] n. abundance, superabundance, [Kirātārjunīya]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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