Avriha, Avṛha: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Avriha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Avṛha can be transliterated into English as Avrha or Avriha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Avṛha (अवृह) refers to a group of deities (from the similarly-named heaven) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including the Avṛhas).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Avṛha (अवृह) is part of the group of Gods inhabiting the fourth dhyāna of the Rūpadhātu (or Brahmaloka): the second of the three worlds, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The gods of the form realm (rūpadhātu), having fallen from the pure abodes (śuddhāvāsa), will again conceive sensual desire and will abide in the impure spheres.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Avṛha (अवृह, “steadfast”) refers one of the eighteen “gods of the form-realms” (rūpāvacaradeva) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 128). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., avṛha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avṛha (अवृह).—or abṛha, rarely abṛhat (= Pali aviha; Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti mi che ba not great, abṛhat noted only Gaṇḍavyūha 249.10 abṛhac [chuddhāvāsa-]; this interpretation could be due to popular etymology; however, no other [etymology] is known for the Pali, and as the lowest of the five Śu. classes these gods may have been called [relatively] not great; compare s.v. bṛhatphala, which gives some confirmation of the ety- mology), name of a heavenly world, the first of the five śud- dhāvāsa, and of a class of gods who inhabit it, see s.v. deva: usually spelled avṛha, Mahāvyutpatti 3102; Dharmasaṃgraha 128; Mahāvastu ii.314.8; 349.1; 360.22; Lalitavistara 150.10; Divyāvadāna 568.28; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 43.21 (in 19.10 corruptly aṭṭaha); abṛha Divyāvadāna 68.16; 138.23; 367.14; Avadāna-śataka i.5.3; Bodhisattvabhūmi 62.5; abṛhat, see above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avṛha (अवृह):—[=a-vṛha] m. [plural] a class of Buddhist divinities, [Lalita-vistara]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Avṛha (अवृह):—oder abṛha (3. a + vṛ) m. pl. eine Klasse von Gottern bei den Buddhisten [Burnouf 202. 614. fg.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 143.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Avṛha (अवृह):—m. Pl. Bez. best. Götter (buddh.) [Lalitavistarapurāṇa 171,6.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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