Avikara, Avikārā, Avikāra: 14 definitions



Avikara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avikar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Avikārā (अविकारा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Avikārā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Avikārā (अविकारा).—A mindborn mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Avikara (अविकर) means “whole”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Śaṃkara (was made) whole (avikara) by the gaze of the goddess that fell (on him). Satisfied by supreme bliss, Hara also abandoned his own Liṅga and there arose the form of Sadyojāta, that is, the One-faced Bhairava”.

2) Avikāra (अविकार) refers to the “unchanging reality”, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 10.22-26.—Accordingly, “I will explain the unchanging (reality) [i.e., avikāra], Śākta, Śāmbhava and Āṇava. The purpose of Śāmbhava is liberation. Śākta bestows accomplishments (siddhi). Āṇava is on the paths of worldly benefits (bhoga). The ‘unchanging’ is considered to be (thus) threefold. Once know the unity (of these three), which is like space, (one realises) the unchanging and (ever) equal womb (bhaga)”.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Avikārā (अविकारा) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Avikārā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avikāra (अविकार).—a. Immutable, unchangeable.

-raḥ Immutability.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Avikāra (अविकार).—m., name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 575; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1413.17; 1421.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avikāra (अविकार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Immutable, permanent. E. a neg. vikāra change.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avikāra (अविकार).—[adjective] not changing; [masculine] no change.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avikāra (अविकार):—[=a-vikāra] m. non-change of form or nature, non-alteration, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Jaimini]

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Samādhi, [Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. unchangeable, immutable, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

4) [v.s. ...] ([gana] cārvādi q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avikāra (अविकार):—[a-vikāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Immutable.

2) (raṃ) 1. n. Immutability.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avikara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avikara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avikāra (अविकार) [Also spelled avikar]:—(a) immutable, not liable to change/mutation; invariable.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avikāra (ಅವಿಕಾರ):—[adjective] never changing or varying; unchangeable; immutable.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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