Avekshana, Avēkṣana, Avekṣana, Avekṣaṇa: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Avekshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Avēkṣana and Avekṣana and Avekṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Aveksana or Avekshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण) refers to the “use of appropriate words or terms and avoidance of improper words or terms” and represents one of the six kinds of prakīrṇa (miscellaneous causes): one of the three “constituents of poetry” (kāvyāṅga) designated by Ācārya Vāmana in his Kāvyālaṅkārasūtravṛtti (also see the Kāvyaprakāśa).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Avekshana in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण) refers to “(compassion) with regard for (living beings)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva who has attained memory never forget? Son of good family, the Bodhisattva attains memory (dhāraṇī) by purifying his memory. What then is the purification of memory? Son of good family, there are thirty-two purifications of memory. What are the thirty-two? [...] (29) great compassion with regard for living beings (satva-avekṣaṇa); (30) giving up body and life with regard for religion (dharma);[...]”.

2) Avekṣaṇā (अवेक्षणा) or Pratyavekṣaṇā refers to “seeing (=realizing?)” (that the dharmas are just illusionary construct), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “How, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva obtain the mastery (vaśitāprāpta) in the arising of birth and death? When the Bodhisattva is endowed with twelve dharmas, son of good family, he attains the mastery in the arising of birth and death. What are the twelve? [...] (10) he reflects on great compassion, seeing (pratyavekṣaṇāpratyavekṣaṇātayā) that the dharmas are just illusionary construct; (11) he transmigrates and comes into existence, seeing the absence of birth and death; (12) he enters into the dharma by its dream-like nature, seeing the essential character of the dharma; (13) he perceives the inverted dharmas as they really are (yathābhūta-pratyavekṣaṇā) [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avekshana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avēkṣana (अवेक्षन).—n S Looking for, search, quest.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avekshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण).—

1) Looking towards or at, seeing दुर्व्याहृताच्छङ्कमाना दुः।स्थताद् दुरवेक्षितात् (durvyāhṛtācchaṅkamānā duḥ|sthatād duravekṣitāt) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 2.233.21.

2) Guarding, watching over, protection, taking care of, attending to, supervision, inspection; वर्णाश्रमावेक्षणजागरूकः (varṇāśramāvekṣaṇajāgarūkaḥ) R.14.85; हस्त्यश्वावेक्षणेऽनभियुक्तः (hastyaśvāvekṣaṇe'nabhiyuktaḥ) Mu.3.

3) Attention, care, observation.

4) Regarding, considering; see अनवेक्षणम् (anavekṣaṇam).

Derivable forms: avekṣaṇam (अवेक्षणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Seeing. 2. Attention, observation. E. ava, and īkṣaṇa seeing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण).—i. e. ava-īkṣ + ana, n. Attention, care, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 14, 85.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण).—[neuter] looking to, attention.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण):—[from avekṣ] n. looking towards or at, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] (said of planets) the being in sight, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] the act of considering, attention, observation, [Raghuvaṃśa xiv, 85, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Seeing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avekṣaṇa (अवेक्षण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avikkhaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avekshana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avekshana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avēkṣaṇa (ಅವೇಕ್ಷಣ):—[noun] = ಅವೇಕ್ಷಣೆ [avekshane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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