Avartaka, aka: Āvartaka; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Avartaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Avartaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āvartaka (आवर्तक).—Clouds of the Pakṣaja class that rain copiously.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 40; IV. 28. 63.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Āvartaka (आवर्तक) is another name for Āvarta: one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “āvartaka is eight kalās of four consecutive notes ascending and descending. It is also formed with two alternative notes. In that case four kalās will have ascending and descending notes”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Āvartaka (आवर्तक) refers to “personified cloud” and is the name of a cloud (megha) associated with Subhīṣaṇa: the southern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. The name for the cloud of the southern direction is sometimes given as Balāhaka. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These clouds (eg., Āvartaka) are known as cloud-kings (megharāja) and have names that are associated with the loud noises of thunderclouds and the noise of rain, according to the Guhyasamayasādhanamālā 11.77. Their presence in the cremation grounds may be connected with the nāgas, for they are known to be responsible for the rain.

The Guhyasamayasādhanamālā by Umāptideva is a 12th century ritualistic manual including forty-six Buddhist tantric sādhanas. The term sādhana refers to “rites” for the contemplation of a divinity.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avartaka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āvartaka (आवर्तक).—a. [āvarta eva svārthe kan] Revolving again and again.

-kaḥ 1 Name of a form of cloud personified; जातं वंशे भुवनविदिते पुष्करावर्तकानाम् (jātaṃ vaṃśe bhuvanavidite puṣkarāvartakānām) Me.6; Ku.2.5.

2) Depression above the eye-brows.

3) A whirlpool.

4) Revolution.

5) Revolution of the mind from the influence of the senses.

6) A curl of hair.

7) A sort of poisonous insect.

8) Name of a plant (Mar. ṭākaḷā);

-kī Name of a creeping plant (bṛhaddantī).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 4 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pushkaravartaka
Puṣkarāvartaka (पुष्करावर्तक).—an epithet of a class of clouds said to cause dearth or famine; ...
Balahaka
Balāhaka (बलाहक) or Balāhakaparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, ...
Avarta
Āvarta (आवर्त).—1 Turning round, winding, revolving; प्रदक्षिणावर्तशिखः (pradakṣiṇāvartaśikhaḥ)...
Subhishana
Subhīṣaṇa (सुभीषण) is the name of the southern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajr...

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