Avamarda: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Avamarda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Avamarda in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Avamarda (अवमर्द) is the name of an owl-king (ulūka-adhipati), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... there was in a certain place a great and shady banyan-tree, which seemed, with the voices of its birds, to summon travellers to repose. There a king of the crows, named Meghavarṇa, had established his home, and he had an enemy named Avamarda, king of the owls”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Avamarda, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Avamarda (अवमर्द):—Pressing type of pain

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Avamarda (अवमर्द) refers to “suffering” (i.e., when mankind suffers from their rulers), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the eclipse should commence on the left side of the disc, it is technically known as Savya-gata: the earth will then be flooded with water and there will be joy and freedom from fear. If it should commence on the right side of the disc, it: is technically known as Apasavyagata: mankind will suffer [i.e., avamarda] from their rulers and from robbers”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avamarda (अवमर्द).—m S avamardana n S Treading, trampling, crumpling, crushing, squeezing, kneading; devastating or destroying action gen.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avamarda (अवमर्द).—

1) Trampling upon.

2) Pain, toils; रणावमर्दमासाद्य (raṇāvamardamāsādya) Rām.

3) An expedient of a Government, inflicting punishment on an enemy by laying his country waste, devastation, oppression; अवमर्दः प्रतीघात- स्तथा चैव बलीयसाम् (avamardaḥ pratīghāta- stathā caiva balīyasām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.59.52.

4) Slaying, killing; अवमर्दादिव दृप्तसिंहशावः (avamardādiva dṛptasiṃhaśāvaḥ) (vinivartitaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.8.

5) Friction, turmoil; न त्वां समासाद्य रणावमर्दे मनःश्रमं गच्छति निश्चितार्थम् (na tvāṃ samāsādya raṇāvamarde manaḥśramaṃ gacchati niścitārtham) Rām 5.48.6.

6) A kind of eclipse; Bṛ. S.

Derivable forms: avamardaḥ (अवमर्दः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avamarda (अवमर्द).—i. e. ava-mṛd + a, m. Devastation, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 43, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avamarda (अवमर्द):—[=ava-marda] a etc. See ava-√mṛd.

2) [=ava-marda] [from ava-mṛd] b m. oppression, giving pain, [Mahābhārata xii, 2183; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of eclipse, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an owl, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Avamarda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avamarda (ಅವಮರ್ದ):—

1) [noun] an act or instance of trampling under foot; the act of pressing or beating with the feet so as to crush or injure.

2) [noun] the act or process of oppressing or subduing.

3) [noun] the inflicting of severe pain to force information or confession, get revenge, etc; torturing.

4) [noun] a transgressing into one’s adversary’s jurisdiction and trampling the crops, afflicting livestocks etc.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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