Avadya: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Avadya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avagdy.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Avadya (अवद्य) is the disciple of Kālabhairavanātha: a teacher to whom the Kāpālika doctrine was revelead, mentioned in the Śābaratantra. The Śābara-tantra is an early tantra of the Kāpālika sect containing important information about the evolution of the Nātha sect. It also lists the twelve original Kāpālika teachers and their disciples (eg., Avadya). Several of these names appear in the Nātha lists of eighty-four Siddhas and nine Nāthas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Avadya (अवद्य) refers to the “fault” (as opposed to Anavadya—‘absence of fault’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[Characteristics of behavior of all beings] [...] The behaviour’s essence, essential character (lakṣaṇa), [...] the essential character of the entrance into the fixed course of the Buddhas, the essential character of distant cause, the essential character of intermediate cause, and the essential character of immediate cause—he knows all the essential characters of behavior truly as they are, and there is no fault at all (anavadya) in his understanding”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avadyā (अवद्या).—m C Disrelish, distaste, loathing, vitiation of palate. v paḍa, yē; and, to heal or remove it, v kāḍha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avadya (अवद्य).—a.

1) Fit to be condemned, censurable, not to be praised; न चापि काव्यं नवमित्यवद्यम् (na cāpi kāvyaṃ navamityavadyam) M.1.2; किमवद्यः करिकुम्भजो मणिः (kimavadyaḥ karikumbhajo maṇiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 16.45.

2) Defective, faulty, blamable, disagreeable, disliked; उदवहदनवद्या तामवद्यादपेतः (udavahadanavadyā tāmavadyādapetaḥ) R.7.7; see अनवद्य (anavadya) also.

3) Unfit to be told.

4) Low, inferior.

5) Sinful.

-dyam 1 A fault, defect, imperfection; किं न वोचस्यसद्वृत्ते आत्मावद्यं वदाशु मे (kiṃ na vocasyasadvṛtte ātmāvadyaṃ vadāśu me) Bhāgavata 9.14.12.

2) Sin, vice; साक्षात्कृतं नेमुरवद्यमृग्यतः (sākṣātkṛtaṃ nemuravadyamṛgyataḥ) Bhāgavata 1.22.2.

3) Blame, censure, reproach; उदवहदनवद्यां तामवद्यादपेतः (udavahadanavadyāṃ tāmavadyādapetaḥ) R.7.7.

4) Shame.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadya (अवद्य).—mfn.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) 1. Low, inferior. 2. Disagreeable, disliked. n.

(-dyaṃ) Sin, vice. E. a neg. vada to speak, and yat affix of the part. future; not to be spoken.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadya (अवद्य).—[a-vad + ya], n. Blame, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 24, 235.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadya (अवद्य).—[adjective] blamable, bad. [neuter] imperfection, want, fault; blame, censure, blemish, disgrace.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avadya (अवद्य):—[=a-vadya] mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-1, 101]) ‘not to be praised’, blamable, low, inferior, [Ṛg-veda iv, 18, 5 and vi, 15, 12; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] disagreeable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. anything blamable, want, imperfection, vice, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] blame, censure, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] shame, disgrace, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avadya (अवद्य):—[(dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) a.] Low. n. Sin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avadya (अवद्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avajja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avadya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avadya (अवद्य) [Also spelled avagdy]:—(a) faulty, having blemishes; worthless.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avadya (ಅವದ್ಯ):—[adjective] inferior, blameable; censurable; wicked.

--- OR ---

Avadya (ಅವದ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that which is of inferior quality or low in status, rank or value.

2) [noun] an offence against law, religion or social morals; a sin; a defect; a flaw.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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