Audumbara, Auḍumbara: 18 definitions


Audumbara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Audumbara (औदुम्बर).—The King of the state of Udumbara. This king once paid respects to emperor Yudhiṣṭhira and gave him several presents and gifts. (Śloka 12, Chapter 53, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Audumbara (औदुम्बर).—A class of seers.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 43.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Audumbara (औदुम्बर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Audumbara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Audumbara (औदुम्बर) refers to a country belonging to “Madhyadeśa (central division)” classified under the constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa represent the Madhyadeśa or central division consisting of the countries of [i.e., Audumbara] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Audumbara (औदुम्बर) refers to “Udumbara-wood (used for oblation)”, according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (with Rāmakaṇṭha’s commentary).—Accordingly, “Having worshipped the Lord, he should oblate into the fire at the three junctures of the day a thousand pieces of Udumbara-wood (audumbara-samidh) smeared with the three [sweet substances]. Consuming [only] milk, he should make oblations [in this manner] for seven days. He will become one who has accomplished the vidyāvrata”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Audumbara (औदुम्बर) (groves) are mentioned in a list of places highly susceptible to snake-bites, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions that snake-bites that happen in certain places [like in places where there are Audumbara groves] are highly inimical to the victim.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Chulalongkorn University: Department of Eastern Languages (Pali-Sanskrit Section) (ay)

Auḍumbara (औडुम्बर) or Auḍumbaramaṇi refers to one of the Maṇis (protection amulets) mentioned in the Atharva-veda. Maṇis refer to small round objects made from natural plant parts or from the solid coverings of animal bodies. It has the properties of being an amulet for protection and warding off evil spirits. or as an herb for treating illnesses. Sudev Krishna Sharman G. listed 9 types of Maṇi [e.g., auḍumbara-maṇi—means fig fruit (Ficus glomerata)] according to the Atharvaveda including specifying assumptions about the meaning.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

audumbara (औदुंबर).—a S Relating to the tree udumbara.

--- OR ---

audumbara (औदुंबर).—m Incorrectly used for udūmbara. Glomerous fig-tree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Auḍumbara (औडुम्बर).—= औदुम्बर (audumbara) q. v.

--- OR ---

Audumbara (औदुम्बर).—a. (- f.) [उदुम्बर-अञ् (udumbara-añ)]

1) Made of, or coming from, the Udumbara tree.

2) Made of copper; पात्रमौदुम्बरं गृह्य (pātramaudumbaraṃ gṛhya) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.125.82.

-raḥ [P.IV.2.67.]

1) N of a region abounding in Udumbara trees.

2) A form of Yama, the god of death.

3) Made of copper.

4) A class of ascetics solely living on whatever fruits they see first early in the morning; Bhāgavata 3.12.43.

-rī A branch of the Udumbara tree.

-ram 1 The wood of the Udumbara tree.

2) The Udumbara fruit.

3) A kind of leprosy.

4) Copper or a copper-vessel; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.4.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Audumbarā (औदुम्बरा).—name of a gandharva maid: Kāraṇḍavvūha 4.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auḍumbara (औडुम्बर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Coppery, made of copper, &c. 2. Made of the wood of the Udumbara fig tree. m.

(-raḥ) A name of Yama the regent of death. n.

(-raṃ) 1. A kind of leprosy. 2. Copper. E. uḍumbara and aṇ affix: see uḍumbara, udumbara, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audumbara (औदुम्बर).—i. e. udumbara + a, I. adj., f. , Made of Udumbara wood, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 45. Ii. m. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 2, 1869. Iii. f. , A branch of the Udumbara tree, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 4, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audumbara (औदुम्बर).—[feminine] ī coming from the Udumbara tree, made of its wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Auḍumbara (औडुम्बर):—See audumbara.

2) Audumbara (औदुम्बर):—mf(ī)n. (in class. Sanskṛt commonly written auḍu) ([from] ud [ḍ] umbara), coming from the tree Udumbara or Ficus Religiosa, made of its wood, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti ii, 45; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) made of copper, [Sāma-vidhāna-brāhmaṇa ii, 5, 3]

4) m. a region abounding in Udumbara trees, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 4-2, 67]

5) a kind of worm, [Caraka]

6) Name of Yama

7) m. [plural] Name of a race, [Mahābhārata]

8) m. of a class of ascetics, [Harivaṃśa 7988; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 12, 43]

9) n. an Udumbara wood, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

10) a piece of Udumbara wood, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

11) the fruit of the Udumbara tree, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

12) a kind of leprosy, [Suśruta]

13) copper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auḍumbara (औडुम्बर):—[(raḥ-rī-raṃ) a.] Coppery; of the fig-tree. 1. m. Yama, the regent of death. n. Leprosy; copper.

[Sanskrit to German]

Audumbara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Audumbara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Auduṃbara (ಔದುಂಬರ):—[adjective] of, relating to or made from the fig tree (Ficus racemosa = F. glomerata) or its fruit.

--- OR ---

Auduṃbara (ಔದುಂಬರ):—

1) [noun] = ಔದುಂಬರಕುಷ್ಠ [audumbarakushtha].

2) [noun] a product of the fig tree (Ficus racemosa = F. glomerata).

3) [noun] the tree itself or its fruit.

4) [noun] (mus.) a kind of percussion instrument.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of audumbara in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: