Atyukti: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Atyukti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Atyukti (अत्युक्ति) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure atyukti has not been mentioned by ancient Ālaṃkārikas like Bhāmaha, Daṇḍin etc. Even the modern Ālaṃkārikas have not referred to it. This figure gets a place first in the Candrāloka (C.L.V/116) of Jayadeva. Appayyadīkṣita in his Kuvalayānanda has given the same definition (Kuv. P. 313).

Cirañjīva has followed Jayadeva, Appayya in defining atyukti-alaṃkāra:—“atyuktiradbhutā’tathyaśauryaudāryādivarṇane”. According to Cirañjīva the description of valour and liberality which are marvelous and not real gives rise to the figure atyukti. The description of exalted character, great action etc. also forms this atyukti. In fact the poets have freedom to describe the unreal valour, liberality, character, action etc. of one for glorification. Naturally here exaggerated statements are made and this is the life-breath of atyukti.

Example of the atyukti-alaṃkāra:—

asau kimapi bhūpatestamasa ekarekhāyino hayo yadavagāhate kṣitimitīha manye tataḥ |
vijitya pavanān parānuditagarvataḥ sarvato nijaśvasanamārutadrutajigīṣayā dhāvati ||

“Is this the horse of someone king which is turued into a single line of darkness is appearing in this earth! So I think that by conquering the wind it is running with the intention of crossing quickly its own breathing air out of vaniety of defeating others on all sides”.

Notes: In this verse the maximum speed of the horse has been described as the single line of darkness. From this it transpires that the horse is black. In fact it is generally not possible to cross the speed of the wind. But this horse is doing so. These are exaggerated statements to glorify the extreme speed of the horse. So this is an example of the figure atyukti.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atyukti (अत्युक्ति).—f (S) Extravagance of speech, hyperbole.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

atyukti (अत्युक्ति).—f Hyperbole, extravagance of speech.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atyukti (अत्युक्ति).—f. Exaggeration, hyperbole, over-drawn or coloured description; अत्युक्तौ न यदि प्रकुप्यसि मृषावादं च नो मन्यसे (atyuktau na yadi prakupyasi mṛṣāvādaṃ ca no manyase) | Udbhaṭa. See अतिशयोक्ति (atiśayokti) also.

Derivable forms: atyuktiḥ (अत्युक्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyukti (अत्युक्ति).—f.

(-ktiḥ) 1. Idle or excessive talk. 2. Expatiating, enlarging. 3. A figure of rhetoric, description of any thing surprising or extraordinary, hyperbole. E. ati, and ukti speech.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atyukti (अत्युक्ति):—[=aty-ukti] [from ati] f. excessive talking

2) [v.s. ...] exaggeration

3) [v.s. ...] hyperbole.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyukti (अत्युक्ति):—[tatpurusha compound] f.

(-ktiḥ) 1) Idle or excessive talk.

2) A figure of rhetoric, description of any thing surprising or extraordinary, hyperbole. E. ati and ukti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyukti (अत्युक्ति):—[atyu-kti] (ktiḥ) 2. f. Idle talk; hyperbole.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atyukti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atyukti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Atyukti (अत्युक्ति):—(nf) a hyperbole; ~[pūrarga] hyperbolic, embodying overstatement.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atyukti (ಅತ್ಯುಕ್ತಿ):—

1) [noun] a statement in excess of the truth; exaggeration or hyperbolical language; extravagant representation.

2) [noun] (rhet.) a figure of speech which produces a vivid impression by extravagant and obvious exaggeration; hyperbole.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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