Atyayika, Ātyayika: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Atyayika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ātyayika (आत्ययिक) refers to an “urgent matter”, and is mentioned in verse 2.32 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] equipped with parasol and foot-gear, one shall move about, looking (ahead) as far as a yoke; but at night (only) for an urgent matter [viz., ātyayika] (and) with stick, head-wear, (and) companion”.

Note: Ātyayika (“having a rapid course, urgent”) has been rendered somewhat loosely by chen(-po) (“great, important”). Besides, the singular has been exchanged for the plural.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ātyayika.—(CII 1; EI 22), a matter for urgent disposal; derived from atyaya, emergency, distress. Note: ātyayika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atyayika (अत्ययिक).—[= ātyāyika] q. v.

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Atyayika (अत्ययिक).—&c. See under अती (atī).

See also (synonyms): atyaya.

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Ātyayika (आत्ययिक).—a. (- f.) [अत्ययः नाशः प्रयोजनमस्य ठक् (atyayaḥ nāśaḥ prayojanamasya ṭhak)]

1) Destructive, disastrous.

2) Painful, unpropitious, ill-omened, distressing.

3) Pressing, urgent, emergent, ending quickly, not suffering delay; किंचिदात्ययिकं कार्यं तेषां त्वं दर्शनं कुरु (kiṃcidātyayikaṃ kāryaṃ teṣāṃ tvaṃ darśanaṃ kuru) Rām 6.32.37; Manusmṛti 7.165; H.3; K.294; अशिश्रयन्नात्ययिकं समेत्य (aśiśrayannātyayikaṃ sametya) Bk. कार्यगौरवादात्ययिकवशेन वा (kāryagauravādātyayikavaśena vā) Kau. A.1.19; सर्वमात्ययिकं कार्यं शृणुयान्नातिपातयेत् (sarvamātyayikaṃ kāryaṃ śṛṇuyānnātipātayet) ibid. extraordinary, special.

4) Delayed, already late; तां हत्वा पुनरेवाहं कृत्यमात्ययिकं स्मरन् (tāṃ hatvā punarevāhaṃ kṛtyamātyayikaṃ smaran) Rām.5.58.46.

-kam 1 Difficulty, calamity; अगमन्नो मनः कर्णं बन्धुमात्ययिकेष्विव (agamanno manaḥ karṇaṃ bandhumātyayikeṣviva) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.1.46.

2) Essential duty; Hch.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Atyayika (अत्ययिक).—[, read ātyayika, q.v.]

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Ātyayika (आत्ययिक).—adj. (from atyaya; in Divyāvadāna quantity of initial -a-ambiguous in saṃdhi, taken as aty° by Burnouf and Divyāvadāna Index; on meaning see Burnouf, Introduction 628), transcending, exceptional, irregular, overstepping normal procedure: -piṇḍapāta, Divyāvadāna 50.25, 26 tathāgatasyātyayika- piṇḍapātam…pañca me Maudgalyāyanātyayikapiṇḍa- pātāḥ…āgantukasya, gamikasya, glānasya, glānopas- thāyakasyo, 'padhivārikasya ca; Śikṣāsamuccaya 17.19 sarvasattvānām ātyayikaṃ parigṛhyaitad api me varjayan niṣīdāmi (so a Bodhisattva should ponder); perhaps transcendent, very im- portant (matter); compare Aśoka, Rock Ed. 6, line 7 (Girnar); Kauṭ. Arth. Sham.^1 29.12. Bendall and Rouse troubles.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātyayika (आत्ययिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Ill-omened, unpropitious. 2. Destructive. 3. Disastrous. 4. Distressing, painful. E. atyaya destruction, ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātyayika (आत्ययिक).—i. e. atyaya + ika, adj. What must be done instantly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 165.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātyayika (आत्ययिक).—[feminine] ī connected with danger, pressing, urgent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atyayika (अत्ययिक):—[from aty-aya] See ātyayika.

2) Ātyayika (आत्ययिक):—mfn. ([from] aty-aya; [gana] vinayādi q.v.), ‘having a rapid course’, not suffering delay, urgent, [Manu-smṛti vii, 165; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) requiring immediate help (as a disease), [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātyayika (आत्ययिक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Disastrous.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atyayika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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