Atyaya, Atyāya: 16 definitions


Atyaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Atyaya (अत्यय).—Past happening, cf अत्ययो भूतत्वमतिक्रमः । अतीतानि हिमानि निर्हिमम् (atyayo bhūtatvamatikramaḥ | atītāni himāni nirhimam) ! निःशीतम् (niḥśītam) Kāś. on P. II.1.6.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Atyaya (अत्यय) refers to a “transgression”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In beginningless Saṃsāra, or in this very repeated existence, Whatever sin by me, as an animal, done or so caused to be done, Whatever delighted a little, and infatuated to self destruction, That transgression (atyaya) I confess, tormented with repentance”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Atyaya.—(HRS), prescribed fine, as indicated in the Artha- śāstra. See Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., pp. 26, 108. Cf. ātyayika. Note: atyaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atyaya (अत्यय).—m S Loss, destruction, extinction, perishing. Ex. of comp. dhanātyaya, prāṇātyaya, pāpātyaya, bhramātyaya, mōhātyaya, satyātyaya, dharmātyaya. 2 Going beyond, i. e. quitting or leaving; as gēhātyaya & dēhā- tyaya Abandonment of house and of body (as of a sannyāsī); dārātyaya, putrātyaya, saṃsārātyaya &c. 3 Exceeding, transcending, transgressing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय).—[i-ac]

1) (a) passing away, lapse; काल° आधिश्चोपनिधिश्चोभौ न कालात्ययमर्हतः (kāla° ādhiścopanidhiścobhau na kālātyayamarhataḥ) Manusmṛti 8.145. (b) End, conclusion, termination, absence, disappearance; तपात्यये (tapātyaye) Kumārasambhava; शिशिरात्ययस्य पुष्पोच्चयः (śiśirātyayasya puṣpoccayaḥ) 3.61; आतप° (ātapa°) R.1.52.

2) Complete disappearance, death, destruction, passing away, perishing; पितुरत्ययात् (pituratyayāt) Daśakumāracarita 64.

3) Danger, risk, harm, injury, evil; जीवितात्ययमापन्नः (jīvitātyayamāpannaḥ) Ms. 1.14 the life being in danger or jeopardy; प्राणानामेव चात्यये (prāṇānāmeva cātyaye) 5.27; प्राणात्यये च संप्राप्ते (prāṇātyaye ca saṃprāpte) Y.1.179, Manusmṛti 6.68,8:69; पुत्रदारात्ययं प्राप्तः (putradārātyayaṃ prāptaḥ) 1.99 (Kull. kṣudavasannaputrakalatraḥ).

4) Suffering, misery, difficulty, distress.

5) Guilt, fault, offence, transgression; क्षत्रियस्यात्यये दण्डो भागाद्दशगुणो भवेत (kṣatriyasyātyaye daṇḍo bhāgāddaśaguṇo bhaveta) Manusmṛti 8.243; दाप्योऽष्टगुणमत्ययं (dāpyo'ṣṭaguṇamatyayaṃ) 8.4 should be made to pay as a fine for his offence.

6) Attack, assault साहसस्तेयपारुष्यगोऽभिशापात्यये (sāhasasteyapāruṣyago'bhiśāpātyaye) Y.2.12.

7) Overcoming, mastering mentally, comprehending; बुद्धिश्च ते लोकैरपि दुरत्यया (buddhiśca te lokairapi duratyayā) Rām.

8) Overstepping; क्षुरस्य धारा निशिता दुरत्यया (kṣurasya dhārā niśitā duratyayā) Kena. Up.

9) A class kind. cf. अशुभे चापदि स्मृतः । अत्ययोऽ तिक्रमे कृच्छ्रे दोषे दण्डविनाशयोः (aśubhe cāpadi smṛtaḥ | atyayo' tikrame kṛcchre doṣe daṇḍavināśayoḥ) | Nm.

Derivable forms: atyayaḥ (अत्ययः).

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Atyaya (अत्यय).—&c. See under अती (atī).

See also (synonyms): atyayika.

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Atyāya (अत्याय).—a. [i or ay-ghañ]

1) Transgressing.

2) Past going time.

-yaḥ 1 Transgression, violation.

2) Excess. P III.1.141.

3) Great gain or profit (atiśayito lābhaḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय).—m., (once nt., Avadāna-śataka ii.151.3), sin = Pali accaya (hardly in this sense in Sanskrit; Manu 8.243 is close to it but apparently isolated); with paśyati, dṛś-, recognize as a sin; with deśayati (rarely pratideśayati, āviṣkaroti) confess as a sin; with pratigṛhṇāti (rarely jānāti), accept (a con- fession of) a sin = forgive, absolve it; with kṣamāpayati (rare), ask forgiveness for a sin. Often atyayam atyayato instead of the simple atyayam, with all these expressions, in the same meanings. Pali uses accayam accayato, and verbs passati, deseti, paṭigaṇhāti, as in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]; also khamati, forgives: atyayo me Divyāvadāna 617.17, I have sinned; atyayam atyayataḥ paśyāmi Divyāvadāna 617.20; °°dṛṣṭvā deśayāmi, °°āviskaromi (so!) id. 20—21; atyayam atyayato dṛṣṭvā pratideśayati Lalitavistara 379.13; °yaṃ deśayanti Lalitavistara 409.22; °yo deśito Avadāna-śataka i.149.12—13; °yaṃ deśitavān 272.13; °yam °yato deśitam (as if nt.!) ii.151.3; °yam °yato deśaya, confess as a sin!, Śikṣāsamuccaya 58.15; Divyāvadāna 5.5; 55.1; 567.29—30 (read deśayāpy for °yāmy); 570.23; °yaṃ…deśayāmo Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 210.1; deśemahe atyayu Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 212.7; °yam °yato deśayāmy Gaṇḍavyūha 122.8; atyayaṃ no bhagavān pratigṛhṇātu Lalitavistara 379.6; bhagavān atyayam atyayato jānātu pratigṛhṇātu Divyāvadāna 617.22—3; atyayaṃ pratigṛhṇanṭu (subject the Buddhas) Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 30.8; sā tenātyayam atyayato kṣamāpitā Divyāvadāna 5.6, he asked her to pardon his offense. Once, atyayam atyayato āgamā(ḥ; aor.) Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.43.5, you have arrived at (been guilty of) a sin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Death. 2. Distress. 3. Transgression. 4. Vice, fault, guilt. 5. Punishment. 6. Going over or beyond. 7. Absence. 8. Loss, destruction. E. ati beyond, away, iṇa to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय).—i. e. ati-i + a, m. 1. Passing away, lapse (of time), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 145. 2. Death. 3. Danger, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 27. 4. Transgression, crime, fault, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 243; dāpyo 'ṣṭaguṇam atyayam, ‘he shall be fined eight times the amount of the defraudation,’ [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 400.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय).—[masculine] going beyond, passing-away; transgression, offence, sin; distress, pain, danger; end, death.

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Atyāyā (अत्याया).—pass by ([accusative]).

Atyāyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms atyā and (या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atyaya (अत्यय):—[=aty-aya] [from atī] a See sub voce

2) Atyāya (अत्याय):—[=aty-āya] [from atī] a See sub voce

3) Atyaya (अत्यय):—[=aty-aya] b m. ([from] √i with ati See atī), passing, lapse, passage

4) [v.s. ...] passing away, perishing, death

5) [v.s. ...] danger, risk, evil, suffering

6) [v.s. ...] transgression, guilt, vice

7) [v.s. ...] getting at, attacking, [Yājñavalkya ii, 1 2]

8) [v.s. ...] overcoming, mastering (mentally)

9) [v.s. ...] a class, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

10) [v.s. ...] (also) confession of sins, [Lalita-vistara]

11) Atyāya (अत्याय):—[=aty-āya] b m. (√i), the act of going beyond, transgression, excess, [Pāṇini 3-1, 141]

12) Atyāyā (अत्याया):—[=aty-ā-√yā] to pass by, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय):—m.

(-yaḥ) 1) Going over or beyond.

2) Surpassing.

3) Go-ing or passing away.

4) Death.

5) Loss, destruction, end.

6) Transgression, sin, offence, guilt.

7) Vice, fault.

8) Distress.

9) Punishment. E. i with ati, kṛt aff. aṇ.

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Atyāya (अत्याय):—m.

(-yaḥ) Exceeding, transgressing. E. i with ati, kṛt aff. ṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyaya (अत्यय):—[atya+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Death; distress; vice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Atyaya (अत्यय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Accaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atyaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atyaya (ಅತ್ಯಯ):—

1) [noun] an over-bearing conduct; harsh, haughty behaviour; transgressing one’s legal, moral limits.

2) [noun] end; termination; cessation.

3) [noun] scarcity; non-availability.

4) [noun] disappearing; state of being physically not seen.

5) [noun] the state of deep distress or misery; a calamity, a danger.

6) [noun] death; end of life or existence.

7) [noun] the state of being in or a period of great distress, poverty, misfortune.

8) [noun] a falling upon; attacking.

9) [noun] an act that is forbidden or the omission of act that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law; a crime; a criminal act.

10) [noun] a moral or social offence.

11) [noun] suffering, pain or loss that serves as retribution; a punishment.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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