Atishayokti, Atiśayokti, Atishaya-ukti: 6 definitions

Introduction

Atishayokti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Atiśayokti can be transliterated into English as Atisayokti or Atishayokti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Atiśayokti (अतिशयोक्ति, “hyperbole”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—Atiśayokti or hyperbole occurs, when the introsusception (adhyavasāya) is complete. When the viṣayin (i.e. upamāna or aprastuta) swallows up (or altogether takes in) the viṣaya (the subject on which something else is superimposed) and there is therefore an apprehension of identity, it is adhyavasāya.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Atiśayokti (अतिशयोक्ति) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—Atiśayokti is one of the important figures of speech. It has been admitted by almost all the famous Ālaṃkārikas (eg., Bhāmaha, Rudraṭa, Daṇḍin, Kuntaka, Mammaṭa). Bhāmaha is the first to mention this figure. He has taken it in a broader sense. In his opinion it is equivallent to vyakrokti which is the general essence of all the figures of speech.

Jayadeva has not given any general definition of atiśayokti, but he has defined and illustrated each of the six varieties of atiśayokti viz.

  1. akramātiśayokti,
  2. atyantātiśayokti,
  3. capalātiśayokti,
  4. sambandhātiśayokti,
  5. bhedakātiśayokti,
  6. rūpakātiśayokti.

Cirañjīva has thought of in the line of Jayadeva, he has defined and illustrated four types of atiśayokti excluding capalātiśayokti and sambandhātiśayokti.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Atishayokti in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atiśayōkti (अतिशयोक्ति).—f S Exaggeration or hyperbole. 2 Loquacity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

atiśayōkti (अतिशयोक्ति).—f Exaggeration or hyperbole. Loquacity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Atishayokti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atiśayokti (अतिशयोक्ति).—f.

1) exaggerated or hyperbolical language, extreme assertion.

2) a figure of speech, (corr. to hyperbole) said to be of 5 kinds in S. D., but of 4 in K. P.; निगीर्याध्यवसानं तु प्रकृतस्य परेण यत् । प्रस्तुतस्य यदन्यत्वं यद्यर्थोक्तौ च कल्पनम् ॥ कार्यकारणयोर्यश्च पौर्वापर्य- विपर्ययः । विज्ञेयातिसयोक्तिः सा (nigīryādhyavasānaṃ tu prakṛtasya pareṇa yat | prastutasya yadanyatvaṃ yadyarthoktau ca kalpanam || kāryakāraṇayoryaśca paurvāparya- viparyayaḥ | vijñeyātisayoktiḥ sā); Ex. of the first kind: कमल- मनम्भसि कमले च कुवलये तानि कनकलतिकायाम् । सा च सुकुमार- सुभगेत्युत्पातपरम्परा केयम् (kamala- manambhasi kamale ca kuvalaye tāni kanakalatikāyām | sā ca sukumāra- subhagetyutpātaparamparā keyam) ||

3) verbosity.

Derivable forms: atiśayoktiḥ (अतिशयोक्तिः).

Atiśayokti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms atiśaya and ukti (उक्ति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atiśayokti (अतिशयोक्ति).—f.

(-ktiḥ) 1. Hyperbole. 2. Verbosity, prolixity. E. atiśaya excess, and ukti speech.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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