Atikrishna, Atikṛṣṇā, Atikṛṣṇa: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Atikrishna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Atikṛṣṇā and Atikṛṣṇa can be transliterated into English as Atikrsna or Atikrishna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Atikrishna in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Atikṛṣṇā (अतिकृष्णा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.23). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Atikṛṣṇā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Atikṛṣṇa (अतिकृष्ण) refers to “one who is very dark”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark (atikṛṣṇa), without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy, he should not be injured, uncultured, agitated and not depressed. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., atikṛṣṇa), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., atikṛṣṇa) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Atikrishna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikṛṣṇa (अतिकृष्ण).—adj. very black, [Pañcatantra] 104, 15.

Atikṛṣṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ati and kṛṣṇa (कृष्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikṛṣṇa (अतिकृष्ण):—[=ati-kṛṣṇa] [from ati] (ati-) mfn. very or too dark, very or too deep blue.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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