Atigraha: 5 definitions


Atigraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atigraha (अतिग्रह).—a. [atikrānto graham]

1) Difficult to be comprehended, incomprehensible.

-haḥ, -grāhaḥ 1 Object of an apprehensive organ, such as स्पर्श (sparśa) 'touch' the object of त्वच्, रस (tvac, rasa) of जिह्वा (jihvā) &c. The Grahas are eight in number; प्राण, वाच्, जिह्वा, चक्षुस्, श्रोत्र, मनस्, हस्तौ (prāṇa, vāc, jihvā, cakṣus, śrotra, manas, hastau), & त्वच् (tvac); the corresponding atigrāhas being अपान, नामन्, रस, रूप, शब्द, काम, कर्मन् (apāna, nāman, rasa, rūpa, śabda, kāma, karman) & स्पर्श (sparśa). अथ हैनं जारत्कारव आर्तभागः पप्रच्छ याज्ञवल्क्येति होवाच कति ग्रहाः कत्यतिग्रहा इति । अष्टौ ग्रहा अष्टावतिग्रहा इति (atha hainaṃ jāratkārava ārtabhāgaḥ papraccha yājñavalkyeti hovāca kati grahāḥ katyatigrahā iti | aṣṭau grahā aṣṭāvatigrahā iti) Bṛ. Up.3.2.1.

2) Right knowledge, correct apprehension.

3) Act of overtaking, surpassing &c.

4) One who siezes or takes to a very great extent..

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atigraha (अतिग्रह):—[=ati-graha] [from ati-grah] m. act of taking over or beyond surpassing, one who takes or seizes to an extraordinary extent, (in [philosophy]) = atigrāha.

2) Atigrāha (अतिग्राह):—[=ati-grāha] [from ati-grah] m. the object of a graha (q.v.) or organ of apprehension (these are eight, and their corresponding ati-grahas or objects, are apāna, ‘fragrant substance’; nāman ‘name’; rasa ‘flavour’; rūpa ‘form’; sabda ‘sound’; kāma ‘desire’; karman ‘action’; sparśa ‘touch’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atigraha (अतिग्रह):—m.

(-haḥ) I. Overtaking, surpassing. E. grah with ati, kṛt aff. ac. Ii. [tatpurusha compound] (In the philosophical terminology of the Upanishads) that which goes beyond the grahas or the eight instruments of apprehension i. e. the objects or functions of apprehension themselves: thus with the graha prāṇa (meaning there ‘the nose’) corresponds the atigraha apāna (meaning there ‘fragrant substance’), with the graha vāc, the atigraha nāman and likewise, with the other six grahas jihvā, cakṣus, śrotra, manas, hasta, tvac, the atigrahas rasa, rūpa, śabda, kāma, karman and sparśa.—Also called atigrāha. E. ati and graha (in the sense of the accusative).

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Atigrāha (अतिग्राह):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-haḥ) The same as atigraha in its philo-sophical meaning. E. ati and grāha (in the sense of the accus.).

[Sanskrit to German]

Atigraha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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