Atharvaveda, Atharva-Veda: 7 definitions

Introduction

Atharvaveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture

Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद) is the name of a Sanskrit word partly dealing with the “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—In the Atharvaveda there are references to different parts of the building such as sitting-room, inner apartment, room for sacred fire, cattle shed and reception room. (Atharvaveda, IX.3). The

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Atharvaveda in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद).—One of the four Vedas useful for kings.1 Rearranged by Sumantu (s.v.) under the guidance of Vyāsa; in five parts.2 Part of Viṣṇu.3 mantras connected with war.4 Twenty-one Atharvas from the face of Brahmā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa, X. 53. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51; 60. 15, 20.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 22; XII. 7. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 34. 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 9 & 14; 6. 8, 13-14.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 37.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 20. 104.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 53.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Atharvaveda in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Atharvaveda is a sacred text of Hinduism and one of the four Vedas, often called the "fourth Veda". The bulk of the text dates from c. 1200–1000 BCE (see below).

According to the tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Atharvanas and the Angirasa, hence its oldest name is Ātharvāṅgirasa. In the Late Vedic Gopatha Brahmana, it is attributed to the Bhrigu and Angirasa. Additionally, tradition ascribes parts to other rishis, such as Kauśika, Vasiṣṭha and Kaśyapa. There are two surviving recensions (śākhās), known as Śaunakīya (AVS) and Paippalāda (AVP).

etymology: Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेदः, atharvaveda, a tatpurusha compound of Atharvan, an ancient Rishi, and veda, meaning "knowledge")

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Atharva-veda.—(CII 3; etc.), one of the four Vedas. See Veda. Note: atharva-veda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Atharvaveda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद).—[masculine] the Atharvaveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—1) The saṃhitā and pada texts are given together, as most of the lists do not distinguish between both. Io. 113. 682. 901. 1137. 2141. 2142. W. p. 82-85. Oxf. 385^b. 392^b. Paris. (D 204. 205). Khn. 2. Kh. 55, B. 1, 2. Ben. 18(3). Bik. 6. 7. Rādh. 1. NW. 4. Np. I, 7. Haug. 12. 13. Burnell. 12^b. Gu. 3. Mysore. 1. Lahore. 2. P. 7. 8. Bhk. 5. Oppert. 683. 4578. 6721. Ii, 4445. 4447. Rice. 4. Peters. 2, 182. 3, 383. Bp. 283. W. 1486. (19th Kāṇḍa).
—[commentary] Oppert. Ii, 4446. See Atharvabhāṣya, Ātharvaṇaṭīkā. Paippalādaśākhā. Report. I. Jaṭāpāṭha. Kh. 55. B. 1, 2. Prātiśākhya. W. p. 87 (and—[commentary]). Kh. 56. 61 (2). 82. Haug. 42. Peters. 2, 182 (and—[commentary]). 3, 383 (and—[commentary]). Anukrama. Kh. 57. B. 1, 198. Sarvānukramaṇī. Io. 2142. B. 1, 198. Bṛhatsarvānukramaṇikā. W. 1487. Peters. 3, 383. Mantrāśīrvadasaṃhitā. Kh. 57. Saubhāgyakāṇḍa. Quoted by Kaivalyāśrama. Oxf. 108^a. Gṛhyasūtra. Haug. 23.

2) Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद):—read Np. I, 22. Sarvānukramaṇī. add Peters. 2, 183.

3) Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद):—Ulwar 321 (Saṃhitāpāṭha).
—Sarvānukramaṇī. Ulwar 322.
—Prātiśākhya. Ulwar 327. Bhāṣya. 328. Extr. 97.

4) Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद):—Ak 1 (pada). As p. 3 (2 Mss.). 18 (Kāṇḍa 12-20). L.. 87-102. Tb. 12. 13. Paippalādaśākhā. Tb. 14-17. Prātiśākhya. Tb. 213. Prātiśākhyamūlasūtra in 3 Prapāṭhaka. Tb. 36. 213. Bṛhatsarvānukramaṇikā. Ak 64.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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