Atharvaveda, aka: Atharva-Veda; 3 Definition(s)


Atharvaveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[Atharvaveda in Vastushastra glossaries]

Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद) is the name of a Sanskrit word partly dealing with the “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—In the Atharvaveda there are references to different parts of the building such as sitting-room, inner apartment, room for sacred fire, cattle shed and reception room. (Atharvaveda, IX.3). The

(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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[Atharvaveda in Purana glossaries]

Atharvaveda (अथर्ववेद).—One of the four Vedas useful for kings.1 Rearranged by Sumantu (s.v.) under the guidance of Vyāsa; in five parts.2 Part of Viṣṇu.3 mantras connected with war.4 Twenty-one Atharvas from the face of Brahmā.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa, X. 53. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 51; 60. 15, 20.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 22; XII. 7. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 34. 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 9 & 14; 6. 8, 13-14.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 37.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 20. 104.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 8. 53.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Atharvaveda in Hinduism glossaries]

The Atharvaveda is a sacred text of Hinduism and one of the four Vedas, often called the "fourth Veda". The bulk of the text dates from c. 1200–1000 BCE (see below).

According to the tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Atharvanas and the Angirasa, hence its oldest name is Ātharvāṅgirasa. In the Late Vedic Gopatha Brahmana, it is attributed to the Bhrigu and Angirasa. Additionally, tradition ascribes parts to other rishis, such as Kauśika, Vasiṣṭha and Kaśyapa. There are two surviving recensions (śākhās), known as Śaunakīya (AVS) and Paippalāda (AVP).

etymology: Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेदः, atharvaveda, a tatpurusha compound of Atharvan, an ancient Rishi, and veda, meaning "knowledge")

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

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