Atanka, Ātaṅka, Atamka, Aṭaṅka: 18 definitions


Atanka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क) refers to “indisposition”, as mentioned in verse 5.11-12 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (those) [rivers, viz., nadī] rising with the Prācyas, Avantis, and Aparāntas [produce] hemorrhoids; (those) [rivers] coming from the Mahendra [produce] abdominal swellings, elephantiasis, and indisposition [ātaṅka]; [...]”.

Note: Ātaṅka signifies (“disease”) as well as (“fever”); here it is used in the former sense.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Natya Shastra

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क, “disquietude”) possibly represents synonym of Vyādhi (“sickness”): one of the ten stages of love (kāma):—When after enjoying all objects fit for one in love, and even by desirable sprinkling, one fails to bring her condition under control, Sickness (vyādhi) appears. To represent Sickness, the eighth stage one is to show that she faints, the heart has no point on which to settle, the head aches badly, and one does not have any peace.Note:

Śāradātanaya’s Bhāvaprakāśana, p. 90. l.16-18. has ātaṅka (disquietude) which precedes unmāda.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क) refers to “fear”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “I salute the venerable Kulālī, the supreme break-through, the awakening to the door of liberation. Her body is the bliss of the divine Command and, on the (transcendental) plane of Akula, she is universal consciousness. [...] The whole reality has been attained whose glorious power is unperturbed and from which the mud of fear [i.e., ātaṅka-paṅka] has been removed”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क) refers to “affliction”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith (ātaṅkamithyātvātaṅkaśaṅkitāḥ), wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance, place, right time, life and intention”.

Synonyms: Bhaya.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ātaṅka : (m.) illness; disease.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ātaṅka, (etym. uncertain; Sk. ātaṅka) illness, sickness, disease M. I, 437; S. III, 1; Sn. 966 (°phassa, cp. Nd1 486). frequent in cpd. appātaṅka freedom from illness, health (cp. appābādha) D. I, 204; III, 166; A. III, 65, 103; Miln. 14.—f. abstr. appātaṅkatā M. I, 124. (Page 97)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭaṅkā (अटंका).—m Grasp or compass; sphere of power or capacity.

--- OR ---

āṭaṅkā (आटंका).—sometimes āṭāṅkā m Grasp, compass, sphere of power or capacity. 2 Computation, calculation, estimate of the amount of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āṭaṅkā (आटंका).—m Grasp. Computation, calculation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क).—[ā-tañc-ghañ-kutvam]

1) Disease, sickness of the body; दीर्घतीव्रामयग्रस्तं ब्राह्मणं गामथापि वा । दृष्ट्वा पथि निरातङ्कं कृत्वा वा ब्रह्महा शुचिः (dīrghatīvrāmayagrastaṃ brāhmaṇaṃ gāmathāpi vā | dṛṣṭvā pathi nirātaṅkaṃ kṛtvā vā brahmahā śuciḥ) || Y.3.245.

2) Fever.

3) Pain, affliction (of the mind), disquietude; anguish, agony; किन्निमित्तोयमातङ्कः (kinnimittoyamātaṅkaḥ); आतङ्कस्फूरितकठोरगर्भगुर्वीम् (ātaṅkasphūritakaṭhoragarbhagurvīm) Uttararāmacarita 1.49; Ś.3; V.3.

4) Doubt, uncertainty.

5) Fear, apprehension; पुरुषायुषजीविन्यो निरातङ्का निरीतयः (puruṣāyuṣajīvinyo nirātaṅkā nirītayaḥ) R.1.63; fright, terror; दत्तातङ्कोऽङ्गनानाम् (dattātaṅko'ṅganānām) Ratnāvalī 2.2.

6) The sound of a drum or tabor.

-kam The constellation भरणी (bharaṇī); Gīrvāṇa.

Derivable forms: ātaṅkaḥ (आतङ्कः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क).—m.

(-ṅkaḥ) 1. Fear, apprehension. 2. Disease, sickness. 3. Affliction, pain. 4. Fever. 5. The sound of a drum or tabor. E. āṅ, taki to live in distress, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क).—i. e. ā-tañc + a, m. 1. Sickness, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 245. 2. Affiction, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 41, 20. 3. Agitation, fear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क).—[masculine] pain, sorrow, anguish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ātaṅka (आतङ्क):—[=ā-taṅka] [from ā-tañc] m. disease or sickness of body, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] fever, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). , [Mahābhārata ii, 285]) pain or affliction of mind, disquietude, apprehension, fear, [Vikramorvaśī; Raghuvaṃśa i, 63, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the sound of a drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. nirāt.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क):—(ṅkaḥ) m. Fear; disease; sound of a drum.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ātaṅka (आतङ्क) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āyaṃka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atanka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āṭaṃka (ಆಟಂಕ):—[noun] that which comes in one’s way hindering the performance or the scheme; an impediment; an obstacle.

--- OR ---

Ātaṃka (ಆತಂಕ):—

1) [noun] an unpleasant feeling caused by impending danger, pain etc.; fear.

2) [noun] anxiety a) a state of being uneasy, apprehensive or worried about what may happen; concern about a possible future event; b) (psychiatry) an abnormal state, characterised by a feeling of being powerless and unable to cope with threatening events, typically imaginary, and by physical tension, as shown by sweating, trembling, etc.

3) [noun] very great mental or physical pain; agony.

4) [noun] disease; sickness.

5) [noun] a state of increased body temperature caused by exercise, ovulation, infections, etc.; fever.

6) [noun] that which obstructs smooth movement, implementation of one’s plan, etc.; an impediment; an obstacle.

7) [noun] the condition of directing or being directed; a control; a hold.

8) [noun] a messenger.

9) [noun] the sound of a bell, drum, etc.

10) [noun] ಆತಂಕಮಾಡು [atamkamadu] ātaŋkamāḍu to pose an obstacle; 2. to cause fear; 3. to cause anxiety.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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