Ataka, Aṭaka, Āṭaka: 11 definitions


Ataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Atak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āṭaka (आटक).—A serpent born of the Kaurava dynasty. This serpent was burnt at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 12, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Aṭaka (अटक) is the name of a Gandharva appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Caidya, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Gandharva Aṭaka in Caidya], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭaka (अटक).—f ( H) Obstruction impediment, hinderance, prevention: also obstructedness. 2 Cohibition, restraint, confinement, control. 3 Penalty or forfeit (as attached to engagements). 4 The name of a river, Attock. 5 A term of the loom. The cross pieces against which the phaṇī strikes, and, rebounding, acquires force to press close the web. a0 paḍaṇēṃ in. con. To be stopped, posed, nonplused, precluded. Ex. vēdaśāstrāṃ paḍalī a0 || tujhēṃ svarūpa varṇitāṃ || aṭakēnta ghālaṇēṃ To put in confinement or under obstruction; and aṭakēnta paḍaṇēṃ To lie in confinement &c.

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aṭakā (अटका).—m Commonly aḍakā q. v. A copper piece of money &c. Pr. aṭakyācī kōmbaḍī āṇi ṭakā phaḷaṇāvaḷa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṭaka (अटक).—f Obstruction. Control. Penalty. aṭakēnta paḍaṇēṃ Lie in confinement, &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ataka (अतक).—[atati satataṃ gacchati; at-kan] A wanderer, a passer-by, traveller.

Derivable forms: atakaḥ (अतकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṭaka (अटक):—[from aṭ] mfn. roaming, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Āṭaka (आटक):—[from āṭa] mf(ikā)n. going. See kāraskarāṭikā.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a sparrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Ātaka (आतक):—m. Name of a Nāga demon, [Mahābhārata i, 2154.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭaka (अटक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kī-kam) Rambling, wandering about(?). E. aṭ, kṛt aff. ṣvun.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ataka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aṭaka (अटक) [Also spelled atak]:—(nf) obstacle, hitch; lag.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṭaka (ಅಟಕ):—[noun] an obstruction; a hindrance; a resistance; an opposition.

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Āṭaka (ಆಟಕ):—

1) [noun] a sport; an amusement; merriment; gaiety.

2) [noun] he who plays a game; a player.

3) [noun] a performer in a drama; an actor.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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