Asurakumara, Asurakumāra, Asura-kumara: 4 definitions
Asurakumara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Asurakumāra (असुरकुमार) refers to a class of bhavanavāsin, which is a species of deva (gods), according to Jain cosmology. The bhavanavāsins or bhaumeyika gods (e.g. the Asuras) have a princely appearance (kumāra) and live in palaces (bhavana) and the upper part of the uppermost hell (ratnaprabhā).
The asuras have an associated caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) known as the Aśvattha accoring to both Digambara and Śvetāmbara. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Asurakumāra (असुरकुमार) refers to “fiendish youths” and represents on of the ten classes of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a category of devas (celestial beings), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.10. Why is the first sub class of residential beings called Asurakumāra? These celestial beings go down to the third ‘earth’ of the lower world and encourage the infernal beings there to fight amongst themselves to cause misery to them. As they enjoy and indulge in violence, they are called fiendish youths.
Who are the lords amongst the ‘fiendish-youths’ (asurakumāra) residential class of celestial beings? Camara and Vairocana are the two lords in the Fiendish-youths residential celestial beings.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Asurakumāra (असुरकुमार):—[=asura-kumāra] [from asura > asu] m. [plural] the first of the ten classes of Bhavanavāsin deities, [Jaina literature]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 2 books and stories containing Asurakumara, Asurakumāra, Asura-kumara, Asura-kumāra; (plurals include: Asurakumaras, Asurakumāras, kumaras, kumāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 1 - Power of Gods < [Chapter 3]
Chapter 8: Indras < [Book 3]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)