Astikaya, Astikāya, Asti-kaya: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Astikaya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Atma Dharma: Principles of Jainism

The substance which has manifoldness of space units (pradeshas) is called astikaya.

How many substances are astikaya?

  1. Soul,
  2. matter,
  3. ether,
  4. anti-ether and
  5. space.

These five substances are astikaya, i.e., having more than one spatial unit (pradesha).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Astikāya (अस्तिकाय) refers to “existent body ” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.1.—A substance which has existence and is with many space-points is called existent body (astikāya).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Astikāya (अस्तिकाय).—[asti kāyaḥ svarūpaṃ yasya] a category or predicament (with the Jainas); these categories are 5; -जीव°, पुद्गल°, धर्म° अधर्म° (jīva°, pudgala°, dharma° adharma°), and आकाश° (ākāśa°).

Derivable forms: astikāyaḥ (अस्तिकायः).

Astikāya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms asti and kāya (काय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Astikāya (अस्तिकाय):—[=asti-kāya] [from asti] m. an ontological category (of which five are distinguished, viz. jīvāstikāya, ajivāst, dharmāst, adharmāst, pudgalāst), [Jaina literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Astikaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Astikāya (ಅಸ್ತಿಕಾಯ):—[noun] (Jain.) any of the soul, righteousness, unrighteousness, the sky.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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