Asthi, Ashthi, Aṣṭhi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Asthi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭhi can be transliterated into English as Asthi or Ashthi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Asthi (अस्थि, “bones”) like hear-wood for tree sustain (support) the human body. The bones have several joints and the human skeleton is bound by hundrerds of ligaments.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Asthi (अस्थि):—Sanskrit word for ‘bones’. It is associated with Dhvaja, which is the fifth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Asthi (bones) is a medical term used in Ayurveda.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Asthi (अस्थि, “bone”) (Pali, Aṭṭhi) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., asthi]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

2) Asthi (अस्थि, “bone”) or Asthisaṃjñā refers to the “corpse reduced to bones” and represents the eighth of the “nine horrible notions” (aśubhasaṃjñā), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 35. These nine notions of the horrible eliminate the seven types of lust (saptavidha-rāga) in people. By means of the meditation on the nine notions [viz., Asthi], the minds of lust (rāga) are eliminated, but hatred (dveṣa) and delusion (moha) are also decreased. These nine notions eventually lead to the enjoyment of the eternal bliss of Nirvāṇa.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Asthi (“elephant”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Asthi), which are of a strictly exogamous character.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asthi (अस्थि).—f n (S) A bone. Ex. of comp. kapālāsthi, tarūṇāṃsthi or nalakāsthi, dantāsthi or rūcakāsthi, vala- yāsthi.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

asthi (अस्थि).—f A bone. asthipañjara m The skele- ton or compages of bones.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭhi (अष्ठि).—f.

1) A stone or kernel.

2) Seed.

Derivable forms: aṣṭhiḥ (अष्ठिः).

--- OR ---

Asthi (अस्थि).—n. [asyate as-kathin Uṇ.3.154]

1) A bone (changed to astha at the end of certain compounds; cf. anastha, puruṣāstha).

2) The kernel or stone of a fruit; जम्बूफलानामत्युच्चनिपातविशीर्णानामनस्थिप्रायाणाम् (jambūphalānāmatyuccanipātaviśīrṇānāmanasthiprāyāṇām) Bhāg.5.16. 19; न कार्पासास्थि न तुषान् (na kārpāsāsthi na tuṣān) Ms.4.78. [cf. L. os; Gr. osteon; Zend. asta; Pers. astah]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭhi (अष्ठि).—f.

(-ṣṭhiḥ) A kernel, a stone. E. a neg. sthā to remain, in aff.

--- OR ---

Asthi (अस्थि).—n. (-sthi) A bone. E. asa to throw, &c. and kthin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asthi (अस्थि).—[neuter] bone; poss. asthimant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭhi (अष्ठि):—[from aṣṭi] f. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the bone of the knee or elbow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Asthi (अस्थि):—n. (See asthan), a bone, [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

4) the kernel of a fruit, [Suśruta] (cf. 3. aṣṭi);

5) [Latin] os, ossis assimilated [from] ostis; [Greek] ὀστέον

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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