Ashtadhyayi, Aṣṭādhyāyī, Ashtan-adhyayi: 7 definitions


Ashtadhyayi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭādhyāyī can be transliterated into English as Astadhyayi or Ashtadhyayi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Ashtadhyayi in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी).—Name popularly given to the Sūtrapāṭha of Pāṇini consisting of eight books (adhyāyas) containing in all 3981 Sūtras,as found in the traditional recital, current at the time of the authors of the Kāśika. Out of these 398l Sūtras, seven are found given as Vārtikas in the Mahābhāṣya and two are found in Gaṇapāṭha.The author of the Mahābhāṣya has commented upon only 1228 of these 3981 sūtras. Originally there were a very few differences of readings also, as observed by Patañjali (see Mbh on I.4.1); but the text was fixed by Patañjali which, with a few additions made by the authors of the Kāśika,as observed above, has traditionally come down to the present day. The Aṣṭādhyāyī is believed to be one of the six Vedāṅga works which are committed to memory by the reciters of Ṛgveda. The text of the Aṣṭādhyāyī is recited without accents. The word अष्टाध्यायी (aṣṭādhyāyī) was current in Patañjali's time; cf. शिष्टज्ञानार्था अष्टाध्यायी (śiṣṭajñānārthā aṣṭādhyāyī) M. Bh. on VI. 3.109.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (vyakarana)

Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी) is the name of a work by Pāṇini (7th century BCE) dealing with vyākaraṇa (grammar).—Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī is a grammar of both the spoken language (laukikī) and the compositional language (vaidikī). It is composed in the sūtra (abbreviated and exact) style and contains around 4,000 sūtras. As these sūtras are arranged into eight chapters, hence the text is called Aṣṭādhyāyī (aṣṭa-adhyāyī, ‘eight chapters’). Then each chapter contains four subsections called pāda (so a total of 32 subsections). It is the only complete, rule-bound and comprehensive description of a natural human language. For the later grammarians this grammar became a model for the analysis of many other languages.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of ashtadhyayi or astadhyayi in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashtadhyayi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी).—Name of Pāṇinī's grammatical work consisting of 8 Adhyāyas or chapters.

Aṣṭādhyāyī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and adhyāyī (अध्यायी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—the grammatical aphorisms of Pāṇini. Io. 686. 1680. 2139. 2451. 2818. 2822. 2973. 3053. 3081. W. p. 209. Paris. (B 65b). Khn. 44. K. 78. B. 3, 2. Ben. 18. Lgr. 161. Kāṭm. 8. Pheh. 7. Rādh. 8. Oudh. Ix, 6. Burnell. 37^a. Mysore. 4 (and vārttika). Bh. 6. Bhk. 9. Poona. 14. 16. Oppert. 2225. 2274. 3105. 3287. 3708. 3947. 4200. 4678. 4778. 4809. 4832. 4904. 6306. 6866. 7743. Ii, 22. 721. 1027. 1708. 1719. 1728. 2025. 2230. 2378. 4255. 5475. 7484. 8132. 8541. 8615. 8812. 8978. 9002. 9235. 10101. Rice. 12. 18. Peters. 1. 113. 2, 167. 171. Bodl. 16.
—[commentary] NW. 44.
—[commentary] Dīpikā. Oppert. Ii, 6735.
—[commentary] by Aśvatthanārāyaṇa Śāstrin. Oppert. Ii, 9382.
—[commentary] by Devīdīn. Oudh. Ix, 6.
—[commentary] Aṣṭādhyāyīvṛtti by Vararuci. Oppert. 4201. See Mahābhāṣya, Kāśikāvṛtti. Aṣṭādhyāyīdaśabalakārikā. Rādh. 47. Aṣṭādhyāyīpāṭha in alphabetical order. Rādh. 8. Aṣṭādhyāyīpātha by Nāgeśa. Ben. 18. Aṣṭādhyāyīsūtrapāṭha by Vāmana. Peters. 3, 40^a. 110. Aṣṭādhyāyyanukramaśloka. Rādh. 5.

2) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—the eleventh book of the Śatapathabrāhmaṇa. W. p. 44. Oxf. 361^b. 364^b. 377^a. 395^b. L. 855. Ben. 11.

Aṣṭādhyāyī has the following synonyms: Aṣṭādhyayīkāṇḍa.

3) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—(q. v.) by Pāṇini.

Aṣṭādhyāyī has the following synonyms: Śabdānuśāsana.

4) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—Aṣṭādhyāyyanukramaśloka read Rādh. 8.

5) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—by Pāṇini. Cu. add. 2457. Fl. 167. Oudh. Xx, 76. Peters. 4, 17. Rgb. 66. Stein 40.
—[commentary] Laghuvṛtti by Annambhaṭṭa. Printed in Vizagapatam.
—[commentary] Mitavṛttyarthasaṃgraha by Udayana. Stein 45. 261 (part of the first, and the sixth adhy.).

6) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—by Pāṇini. Ulwar 1114.

7) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—by Pāṇini. Ak 55 (1-4, and the first pāda of the fifth). As p. 16 (2 Mss.). Bd. 56-58. L.. 728-732. Peters. 5, 216. 6, 227. 228. Tod 83 (1-7). Whish 60, 2. C. [anonymous] Hz. 1266. C. by Puruṣottamadeva. See Bhāṣāvṛtti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी):—[from aṣṭa > aṣṭan] f. ‘a collection of eight books or chapters’, Name of [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi]

2) [v.s. ...] also of Pāṇini’s grammar.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashtadhyayi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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