Ashtadhyayi, aka: Aṣṭādhyāyī, Ashtan-adhyayi; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ashtadhyayi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭādhyāyī can be transliterated into English as Astadhyayi or Ashtadhyayi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Ashtadhyayi in Vyakarana glossaries]

Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी).—Name popularly given to the Sūtrapāṭha of Pāṇini consisting of eight books (adhyāyas) containing in all 3981 Sūtras,as found in the traditional recital, current at the time of the authors of the Kāśika. Out of these 398l Sūtras, seven are found given as Vārtikas in the Mahābhāṣya and two are found in Gaṇapāṭha.The author of the Mahābhāṣya has commented upon only 1228 of these 3981 sūtras. Originally there were a very few differences of readings also, as observed by Patañjali (see Mbh on I.4.1); but the text was fixed by Patañjali which, with a few additions made by the authors of the Kāśika,as observed above, has traditionally come down to the present day. The Aṣṭādhyāyī is believed to be one of the six Vedāṅga works which are committed to memory by the reciters of Ṛgveda. The text of the Aṣṭādhyāyī is recited without accents. The word अष्टाध्यायी (aṣṭādhyāyī) was current in Patañjali's time; cf. शिष्टज्ञानार्था अष्टाध्यायी (śiṣṭajñānārthā aṣṭādhyāyī) M. Bh. on VI. 3.109.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी) is the name of a work by Pāṇini (7th century BCE) dealing with vyākaraṇa (grammar).—Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī is a grammar of both the spoken language (laukikī) and the compositional language (vaidikī). It is composed in the sūtra (abbreviated and exact) style and contains around 4,000 sūtras. As these sūtras are arranged into eight chapters, hence the text is called Aṣṭādhyāyī (aṣṭa-adhyāyī, ‘eight chapters’). Then each chapter contains four subsections called pāda (so a total of 32 subsections). It is the only complete, rule-bound and comprehensive description of a natural human language. For the later grammarians this grammar became a model for the analysis of many other languages.

(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (vyakarana)
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Ashtadhyayi in Sanskrit glossaries]

Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी).—Name of Pāṇinī's grammatical work consisting of 8 Adhyāyas or chapters.

Aṣṭādhyāyī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and adhyāyī (अध्यायी).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 168 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ashtavakra
Aṣṭāvakra (अष्टावक्र).—Birth. The sage Uddālaka had a disciple named Khagodara (Kahodara) and a...
Ashtamangala
Aṣṭamāṅgala (अष्टमाङ्गल).—Brahmins, bow, Fire, gold, ghee, Sun, water and King.
Ashtapada
Aṣṭapada (अष्टपद).—[-d] (°ṣṭa° or °ṣṭā°) a. 1) eight-footed. 2) a term for a pregnant animal. A...
Ashtapadi
Aṣṭapadī (अष्टपदी) is the name of a work on Sanskrit prosody (chandas) ascribed to Śrīmuṣṇaṁ Śr...
Astara
Āstara (आस्तर).—[ā-stṛ-ap]1) A covering, coverlet. दण्डिनीमजिनास्तराम् (daṇḍinīmajināstarām) Bk...
Ashtanga
Aṣṭāṅga (अष्टाङ्ग).—The name of a book on medical science.** Matsya-purāṇa 215. 34.
Ashtamurti
Aṣṭamūrti (अष्टमूर्ति).—Earth, Water, Air, Fire, Ether, Hotā, Sun and Moon.
Ashtakona
Aṣṭakoṇa (अष्टकोण).—1) an octagon. 2) a kind of machine. Derivable forms: aṣṭakoṇaḥ (अष्टकोणः)....
Astamana
Astamana (अस्तमन).—Setting (of the Sun); रवेस्तमिस्रागमनिर्गमांस्ते तथोदयं चास्तमन च वीराः (rav...
Ashtavasu
Aṣṭavasu (अष्टवसु).—Origin. Gaṇadevatās are called Aṣṭavasus. They were born to Dharmadeva of h...
Ashtaputra
Aṣṭaputra (अष्टपुत्र).—a. Having eight sons; अष्टयोनिरदितिरष्ट- पुत्रा (aṣṭayoniraditiraṣṭa- pu...
Ashtapradhana
Aṣṭapradhānā (अष्टप्रधाना).—वैद्य, उपाध्याय, सचिव, मन्त्री, प्रतिनिधि, राजाध्यक्ष, प्रधान (vaid...
Ashtavarga
Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—Meda, Mahāmeda, Kākoli, Kṣīrakākoli, Jīvaka, Iṭavaka, Ṛddhi, Vṛddhi (Thes...
Ashtadhikara
Aṣṭādhikārā (अष्टाधिकारा).—जलाधिकारः, स्थलाधिकारः, ग्रामाधिकारः, कुललेखनम्, ब्रह्मासनम्, दण्डवि...
Ashtadala
Aṣṭadala (अष्टदल).—1) a lotus having eight petals. 2) an octagon. Derivable forms: aṣṭadalam (अ...

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