Ashtadhyayi, aka: Aṣṭādhyāyī, Ashtan-adhyayi; 3 Definition(s)
Ashtadhyayi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Aṣṭādhyāyī can be transliterated into English as Astadhyayi or Ashtadhyayi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी).—Name popularly given to the Sūtrapāṭha of Pāṇini consisting of eight books (adhyāyas) containing in all 3981 Sūtras,as found in the traditional recital, current at the time of the authors of the Kāśika. Out of these 398l Sūtras, seven are found given as Vārtikas in the Mahābhāṣya and two are found in Gaṇapāṭha.The author of the Mahābhāṣya has commented upon only 1228 of these 3981 sūtras. Originally there were a very few differences of readings also, as observed by Patañjali (see Mbh on I.4.1); but the text was fixed by Patañjali which, with a few additions made by the authors of the Kāśika,as observed above, has traditionally come down to the present day. The Aṣṭādhyāyī is believed to be one of the six Vedāṅga works which are committed to memory by the reciters of Ṛgveda. The text of the Aṣṭādhyāyī is recited without accents. The word अष्टाध्यायी (aṣṭādhyāyī) was current in Patañjali's time; cf. शिष्टज्ञानार्था अष्टाध्यायी (śiṣṭajñānārthā aṣṭādhyāyī) M. Bh. on VI. 3.109.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी) is the name of a work by Pāṇini (7th century BCE) dealing with vyākaraṇa (grammar).—Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī is a grammar of both the spoken language (laukikī) and the compositional language (vaidikī). It is composed in the sūtra (abbreviated and exact) style and contains around 4,000 sūtras. As these sūtras are arranged into eight chapters, hence the text is called Aṣṭādhyāyī (aṣṭa-adhyāyī, ‘eight chapters’). Then each chapter contains four subsections called pāda (so a total of 32 subsections). It is the only complete, rule-bound and comprehensive description of a natural human language. For the later grammarians this grammar became a model for the analysis of many other languages.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (vyakarana)
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
Aṣṭādhyāyī (अष्टाध्यायी).—Name of Pāṇinī's grammatical work consisting of 8 Adhyāyas or chapters.
Aṣṭādhyāyī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and adhyāyī (अध्यायी).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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