Ashramadharma, aka: Āśramadharma, Ashrama-dharma; 2 Definition(s)


Ashramadharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āśramadharma can be transliterated into English as Asramadharma or Ashramadharma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Ashramadharma in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Āśramadharma (आश्रमधर्म):—The common Sanskrit terms given to these four stages of life are:

  1. Brahmacaryāśrama (studentship),
  2. Gārhasthyāśrama (householder),
  3. Vānaprasthāśrama (hermit),
  4. and Sannyāsāśrama (renouncer or wondrering ascetic).

Popularly these orders of life are known as Āśramadharma in Sanskrit literature. To regulate the duties of four castes, the Āśramadharma is prescribed. The derivative meaning of the word Āśrama is āśramyati asmin āśramaḥ—means life laid by heavy work.

According to Manu, these are—

  1. student’s life (brahmacarya),
  2. householder (gṛhastha),
  3. hermit (vānaprastha),
  4. and wondering ascetic (yati).
(Source): Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Ashramadharma in Sanskrit glossaries]

Āśramadharma (आश्रमधर्म).—

1) the special duties of each order or life.

2) the duties of one leading a hermit's life; य इमामाश्रमधर्मे नियुङ्क्ते (ya imāmāśramadharme niyuṅkte) Ś.1.

Derivable forms: āśramadharmaḥ (आश्रमधर्मः).

Āśramadharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āśrama and dharma (धर्म).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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