Asatkaryavada, Asatkāryavāda, Asatkarya-vada: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Asatkaryavada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Asatkaryavada in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Asatkāryavāda (असत्कार्यवाद):—The ideology which believes that the effect is not present in the cause

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Asatkaryavada in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Comparative study of spiritual practices in Jainism and Patanjala yoga (Nyaya)

Asatkāryavāda (असत्कार्यवाद) refers to a particular doctrine of “cause and effect”.—In Indian Philosophy, theory of causation has great significance. Satkāryavāda and asatkāryavāda are two prime doctrines. Asatkāryavādins say that though, the effect is produced out of the cause only and nothing else, still the effect, as an effect, is not in cause, since it is not seen to be present there. The final outcome of this theory is that, effect is only potentially and not actually present in the cause.

This cause and effect relationship is very well explained in details here in Nyāya darśana as compared to similar theories of Jainism, Buddhism and Mimamsa. The prominent defect of Nyāya darśana is that it believes consciousness as accidental character of ātman, as free soul is unconsciousness. Many have criticized their theory of mokṣa, as “mokṣa of Nyāya is a word without any meaning”.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Asatkaryavada in Hinduism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (h)

Asatkāryavāda (असत्कार्यवाद) refers to one of the philosophical systems regarding the cause and effect relation prevalent in Ancient India.—Asatkāryavāda has also two divisions: (a) Ārambhavāda and (b) Pratītyasamutpādavāda. According to the asatkāryavāda, the effect is a new beginning (arambha), a new creation; it is different from its cause and it can never be the same with cause. Uddyotakara, Vācaspati Miśra, and others also do not accept satkāryavāda and have given arguments to establish asatkāryavāda.

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