Asamarthasamasa, Asamarthasamāsa, Asamartha-samasa: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Asamarthasamasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Asamarthasamasa in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Asamarthasamāsa (असमर्थसमास).—A compound of two words, which ordinarily is inadmissible, one of the two words being more closely connected with a third word, but which takes place on the authority of usage, there being no obstacle in the way of understanding the sense to be conveyed; e. g. देवदत्तस्य गुरुकुलम् । देवदत्तस्य दासभार्या । असूर्यंपश्यानि मुखानि, अश्राद्धभोजी ब्राह्मणः (devadattasya gurukulam | devadattasya dāsabhāryā | asūryaṃpaśyāni mukhāni, aśrāddhabhojī brāhmaṇaḥ) M. Bh. on II.1.1.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asamarthasamasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asamarthasamāsa (असमर्थसमास).—a compound in which the conjunction of words is not as it should be; e. g. in अश्राद्धभोजिन्, असूर्यंपश्य, अ (aśrāddhabhojin, asūryaṃpaśya, a) goes not with श्राद्ध (śrāddha) or सूर्य (sūrya) but with भोजिन् (bhojin) or पश्य (paśya); Mahābhārata on P.I.1.43.

Derivable forms: asamarthasamāsaḥ (असमर्थसमासः).

Asamarthasamāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms asamartha and samāsa (समास).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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