Asama, aka: Asamā; 6 Definition(s)
Asama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Asama (असम).—An Ajita deva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 93.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Asama - The chief disciple of Sobhita Buddha (Bu.vii.21; J.i.35). He was the Buddhas step brother, and it was to him and to his brother Sunetta that the Buddha preached his first sermon. BuA.137.
2. Asama - Father of Paduma Buddha and King of Campa. Bu.ix.9; BuA.146.
3. Asama - Chief lay supporter of Paduma Buddha (Bu.ix.23); probably the same as his father. See Asama (2).
4. Asama - A devaputta who once visited the Buddha at Veluvana, in the company of Sahali, Ninka, Akotaka, Vetambari and Manava Gamiya.
They were disciples of different teachers and, standing before the Buddha, each uttered the praises of his own teacher.
Asama eulogised Purana Kassapa (S.i.65). Perhaps Asama is the name of a class; See Asama (1).
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1. Asama - A class of devas, present at the preaching of the Maha Samaya Sutta. They are mentioned together with the Yama twins. D.ii.259.
2. Asama - Mother of Paduma Buddha and wife of King Asama. Bu.ix.16; J.i.36.
3. Asama - Chief woman disciple of Padumuttara Buddha. Bu.xi.25; DA.ii.489; J.i.37.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Asama (असम) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). A so mo (Asama) in the language of the Ts’in means “without equal”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
asama : (adj.) unequal; matchless.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Asama, 2 (nt.) (the diaeretic form of Sk. aśman hurling stone, of whieh the contracted form is amha (q. v.); connected with Lat. ocris “mons confragosus＂; Gr. a)/kmwn anvil; Lith. akmů̃ stone, see also asana1 (Sk. aśan stone for throwing) and asani) stone, rock DA. I, 270, 271 (°muṭṭhika having a hammer of stone; v. l. BB. ayamuṭṭhika); SnA 392 (Instr. asmanā). (Page 88)
2) Asama, 1 (adj.) (a + sama) unequal, incomparable J. I, 40 (+ appaṭipuggala); Sdhp. 578 (+ atula). Esp. freq. in cpd. °dhura lit. carrying more than an equal burden, of incomparable strength, very steadfast or resolute Sn. 694 (= asama-viriya SnA 489); J. I, 193; VI, 259, 330. (Page 88)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
1) Uneven, odd (as a number); असमशीलाः खलु मृगाः (asamaśīlāḥ khalu mṛgāḥ) Bv.1.2; mean, contemptible.
2) Unequal (in space, number or dignity); असमैः समीयमानः (asamaiḥ samīyamānaḥ) Pt.1.74.
3) Unequalled, matchless, unsurpassed; समवतारसमै- रसमैस्तटैः (samavatārasamai- rasamaistaṭaiḥ) Ki.5.7; वाद्यविशेषाणामसमः श्रोता (vādyaviśeṣāṇāmasamaḥ śrotā) K.12; Ms. 1.73.
4) Uneven, not level (as ground).
-maḥ Name of Buddha.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 6 books and stories containing Asama or Asamā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 13 - Other epithets of the Buddha < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
II. ‘Inexhaustible’ root < [Part 4 - Planting inexhaustible roots of good]
Appendix 13 - The story of Sunetra < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)