Asama, aka: Asamā; 7 Definition(s)


Asama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Asama (असम).—An Ajita deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 93.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Asama - The chief disciple of Sobhita Buddha (Bu.vii.21; J.i.35). He was the Buddhas step brother, and it was to him and to his brother Sunetta that the Buddha preached his first sermon. BuA.137.

2. Asama - Father of Paduma Buddha and King of Campa. Bu.ix.9; BuA.146.

3. Asama - Chief lay supporter of Paduma Buddha (Bu.ix.23); probably the same as his father. See Asama (2).

4. Asama - A devaputta who once visited the Buddha at Veluvana, in the company of Sahali, Ninka, Akotaka, Vetambari and Manava Gamiya.

They were disciples of different teachers and, standing before the Buddha, each uttered the praises of his own teacher.

Asama eulogised Purana Kassapa (S.i.65). Perhaps Asama is the name of a class; See Asama (1).

-- or --

1. Asama - A class of devas, present at the preaching of the Maha Samaya Sutta. They are mentioned together with the Yama twins. D.ii.259.

2. Asama - Mother of Paduma Buddha and wife of King Asama. Bu.ix.16; J.i.36.

3. Asama - Chief woman disciple of Padumuttara Buddha. Bu.xi.25; DA.ii.489; J.i.37.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Asama (असम) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). A so mo (Asama) in the language of the Ts’in means “without equal”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Asama in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

asama : (adj.) unequal; matchless.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Asama, 2 (nt.) (the diaeretic form of Sk. aśman hurling stone, of whieh the contracted form is amha (q. v.); connected with Lat. ocris “mons confragosus”; Gr. a)/kmwn anvil; Lith. akmů̃ stone, see also asana1 (Sk. aśan stone for throwing) and asani) stone, rock DA. I, 270, 271 (°muṭṭhika having a hammer of stone; v. l. BB. ayamuṭṭhika); SnA 392 (Instr. asmanā). (Page 88)

2) Asama, 1 (adj.) (a + sama) unequal, incomparable J. I, 40 (+ appaṭipuggala); Sdhp. 578 (+ atula). Esp. frequent in cpd. °dhura lit. carrying more than an equal burden, of incomparable strength, very steadfast or resolute Sn. 694 (= asama-viriya SnA 489); J. I, 193; VI, 259, 330. (Page 88)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asama (असम).—a.

1) Uneven, odd (as a number); असमशीलाः खलु मृगाः (asamaśīlāḥ khalu mṛgāḥ) Bv.1.2; mean, contemptible.

2) Unequal (in space, number or dignity); असमैः समीयमानः (asamaiḥ samīyamānaḥ) Pt.1.74.

3) Unequalled, matchless, unsurpassed; समवतारसमै- रसमैस्तटैः (samavatārasamai- rasamaistaṭaiḥ) Ki.5.7; वाद्यविशेषाणामसमः श्रोता (vādyaviśeṣāṇāmasamaḥ śrotā) K.12; Ms. 1.73.

4) Uneven, not level (as ground).

-maḥ Name of Buddha.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asama (असम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Unequalled, individual, without a fellow or equal. 2. Uneven, unequal either in surface or number. m.

(-maḥ) A name of Budd'ha or a Budd'ha. E. a neg. and sama like, same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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