Aruṇi, Āruṇi, Aruni, Āruṇī, Aruṇī: 9 definitions



Aruṇi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aruṇī (अरुणी).—Name given to Aruṇa when he attended Indra’s assembly disguised as female. (See Aruṇa).

2) Āruṇi (आरुणि).—A disciple of the sage Āyodhadhaumya. (For details see under Āyodhadhaumya).

3) Āruṇi (आरुणि).—A cobra born in the family of the serpent, Dhṛtarāṣṭra. This cobra fell dead at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 19, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Āruṇi (आरुणि).—A son born to Kaśyapa of his wife Vinatā. (Śloka 40, Chapter 65, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

5) Āruṇi (आरुणि).—A soldier of the Kaurava army. He fought against Arjuna along with Śakuni. (Śloka 122, Chapter 156, Droṇa Parva, Mahābhārata).

6) Āruṇi (आरुणि).—One of the one hundred and eight Upaniṣads.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aruṇi (अरुणि).—A son of Brahmā, who remained celibate:1 a sage.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1; VI. 15. 13.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 6.

1b) Went with Kṛṣṇa to Mithilā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 86. 18.

2a) Āruṇi (आरुणि).—A siddha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 15. 13.

2b) (Ātreya) a sage of the epoch of the third Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 79.

2c) A sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 43.

2d) The fifteenth Vyāsa, Vedaśiras, the avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 166.

2e) A sage of the XIth epoch of Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 31.

2f) The first of the madhyadeśas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 9.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aruṇi (अरुणि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.3.24, I.52.17, I.59.39, I.65, I.60.40) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aruṇi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āruṇi (आरुणि).—a. [aruṇasya apatyaṃ iñ] Belonging to, or sprung from, Aruṇa, q. v.; औद्दालकिरारुणिर्मत्प्रसृष्टः (auddālakirāruṇirmatprasṛṣṭaḥ) Kaṭh.1.11.

-ṇiḥ 1 Name of Uddālaka; उद्दालक आरुणिः (uddālaka āruṇiḥ) Bṛ. Up.3.6.1.

2) Descendants of the sage अरुण (aruṇa); परिसरपद्धतिं हृदयमारुणयो दहरम् (parisarapaddhatiṃ hṛdayamāruṇayo daharam) Bhāg.1.87.18.

3) The son of the sun, as Yama.

4) The son of Vinatā (vainateya).

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Āruṇī (आरुणी).—f. Ved. 'The red one', a name given to the horses of the Maruts which are females; यदारुणीषु तवि- षीरयुग्ध्वम् (yadāruṇīṣu tavi- ṣīrayugdhvam) Rv.1.64.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āruṇi (आरुणि).—i. e. aruṇa + i, patronym. m. A descendant of Aruṇa, surname of Uddalaka, Mahābhārata 1, 684, and of Vainateya, Mahābhārata 1, 2548.

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Āruṇī (आरुणी).—i. e. aruṇa + a + ī, f. Tawny, viz. an antelope, Chr. 290, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āruṇi (आरुणि).—[masculine] ī [feminine] descendant of Aruṇa; [feminine] āruṇī also a red mare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aruṇī (अरुणी):—[from aruṇa] f(īs). red cow (in the Vedic myths), [Ṛg-veda] and, [Sāma-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] the dawn, [Ṛg-veda]

3) Aruṇi (अरुणि):—[from aruṇa] m. Name of a Muni, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. āruṇi).

4) Āruṇī (आरुणी):—[from āruṇa] f. a reddish mare ([Sāyaṇa]), [Ṛg-veda i, 64, 7.]

5) Āruṇi (आरुणि):—[from āruṇa] m. ([from] aruṇa), Name of Uddālaka (a renowned Brāhmaṇa teacher, son of Aruṇa Aupaveśi and father of Śveta-ketu), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Auddālaki (= Śveta-ketu), [Kaṭha-upaniṣad]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Suparṇeya, a son of Prajāpati, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

8) [v.s. ...] of Vainateya, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of Taṭāyu, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Āruṇi (आरुणि):—patron. von aruṇa [Weber’s Verzeichniss 55.] ein Beiname:

1) des Uddālaka, eines vielgenannten Brāhmaṇa-Lehrers, eines Sohnes des Aruṇa Aupaveśi und Vaters des Śvetaketu, [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 1, 2, 11. 2, 3, 1, 31. 34. 3, 3, 4, 19. 4, 5, 7, 9. 5, 5, 5, 14. 11, 2, 6, 12. 4, 1, 1. 5, 3, 1. 12, 2, 2, 13 u.s.w.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 8, 7.] [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 3, 7, 1.] [Mahābhārata 1, 684. fgg.] yasmādbhavāṃkedārakhaṇḍaṃ vidāryotthitastasmāduddālaka eva nāmnā bhavānbhaviṣyati [695.] —

2) des Auddālaki ([]: = uddālaka), d. i. Śvetaketu’s [Kaṭhopaniṣad 1, 11.] Vgl. āruṇeya . —

3) des Suparṇeya, eines Sohnes Pragāpati’s, [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 10, 79.] —

4) des Vainateya, eines Sohnes der Vinatā, [Mahābhārata 1, 2548. 2160.] [Harivaṃśa 12469. 14175.]

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Āruṇī (आरुणी):—f. röthliches (weibl. Thier), vom Gespann der Marut: yadāruṇīṣu.taviṣī.ayugdhvam [Ṛgveda 1, 64, 7.] Dürfte nur Nebenform zu aruṇī sein oder irrthümliche Auflösung und Betonung für ya.āru, ya.ā + aru . — Vgl. u. āruṇika .

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Aruṇi (अरुणि):—m. Nomen proprium eines Muni [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 86, 18.]

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Āruṇi (आरुणि):—pl. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 87, 18.] — Vgl. puṣkarāruṇi .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aruṇi (अरुणि):—m. Nomen proprium eines Muni. Vgl. āruṇi.

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Aruṇī (अरुणी):—Adv. mit kar röthen [Kād. (1872) 255,8.]

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Āruṇi (आरुणि):—m. Patron. (auch Pl.) von aruṇa. Bez. Jaṭāu’s [Bālarāmāyaṇa 175,3.] yoga m. und śruti f. hotar adj. Comp. [Tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇa 23,1,5.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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