Arjuni, Arjunī, Ārjuni: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arjuni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Arjunī (अर्जुनी) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Arjunī, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārjuni (आर्जुनि).—[arjunasya apatyaṃ iñ] The son of Arjuna, अभिमन्यु (abhimanyu); अभिमन्युमिति प्राहुरार्जुनिं पुरुषर्षभम् (abhimanyumiti prāhurārjuniṃ puruṣarṣabham) Mb.1.221.67.

Derivable forms: ārjuniḥ (आर्जुनिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arjunī (अर्जुनी):—[from arjuna] f. a cow, [Mahābhārata xiii, 3596]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of serpent, ([vocative case] arjuni), [Atharva-veda ii, 24, 7]

3) [v.s. ...] a procuress, bawd, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Uṣā (wife of Aniruddha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of the river Bāhudā or Karatoyā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] f. [dual number] or [plural] (nyau, or nyas) Name of the constellation Phalgunī, [Ṛg-veda x, 85, 13; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) Ārjuni (आर्जुनि):—[from ārjuna] m. ([from] arjuna [gana] bāhv-ādi, [Pāṇini 4-1, 96]), a descendant of Arjuna, [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ārjuni (आर्जुनि):—patron. von arjuna gaṇa bāhvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 96.] [Mahābhārata 1, 8027. 3, 14731. 14, 1958.] auch in anderer Bedeutung (caturṣvartheṣu) gaṇa sutaṃgamādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 80.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ārjuni (आर्जुनि):——

1) *Adj. von arjuna. —

2) m. Patron. von arjuna.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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