Arjunayana, Ārjunāyana, Ārjunāyanā, Arjunāyana: 7 definitions



Arjunayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Arjunayana in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Arjunāyana (अर्जुनायन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.55, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Arjunāyana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Ārjunāyana (आर्जुनायन) is the name of a tribe mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. These tribes (e.g., the Ārjunāyanas, latin: Arjunayanas) migrated to places other than their original settlemenets and gave their names to the janapadas they settled. They replaced the old Vedic tribes in Punjab and Rajasthan though some of them are deemed as offshoots of the main tribe..

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Ārjunāyana (आर्जुनायन).—Ārjunāyana may be taken as a descendant of Arjuna (NIA, Vol. I, p. 460). The Ārjunāyanas are known from Varāhamihira’s Bṛhatsaṃhitā and also from their coins, of which, however,only a few specimens have been found. The joint cabinets of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and the Indian Museum contain only two which may be assigned to circa 100 B.C. They are closely related, in one way or another, to the money of the Northern Kṣatrapas, Yaudhēyas and other ancient powers. “And the Ārjunāyana country,” says Smith, “may reasonably be regarded as corresponding to the region, . . . roughly speaking, the Bharatpur and Alwar States, west of Agra and Mathura, the principal seat of the Northern Satraps.”

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arjunayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārjunāyanā (आर्जुनायना).—Name of a people.

Derivable forms: ārjunāyanāḥ (आर्जुनायनाः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārjunāyana (आर्जुनायन):—[from ārjuna] m. ([gana] aśvādi, [Pāṇini 4-1, 110]) a descendant of Arjuna

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ārjunāyana (आर्जुनायन):—patron. von arjuna gaṇa aśvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 110.] rājanyādi zu [?4, 2, 53. Manu’s Gesetzbuch pl.] Name eines Volkes [ Kunde des Morgenlandes III, 196.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde II, 953.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 849 (14).] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 50.]

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Ārjunāyana (आर्जुनायन):—pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 25. 11, 59. 14, 25. 16, 22. 17, 19.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ārjunāyana (आर्जुनायन):—m.

1) Patron. von arjuna. Pl. [Indische studien von Weber 1,50.] —

2) Pl. N. eines Volkes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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