Arittha-vihara, Ariṭṭha-vihāra: 2 definitions



Arittha-vihara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Arittha-vihara in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The monastery built by Lanjakatissa in Aritthapabbata. Mhv.xxxiii.27; Mhv.trans.230, n.6.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Arittha-vihara in India history glossary
Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Ariṭṭhavihāra is the name of an ancient Vihāra that existed since the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Ariṭṭhagiri, present Riṭigala, the highest mountain range in Nuvarakalāviya (Nuvarakālāviya), which runs parallel to the Eastern Minor Road from the 4th to the 8th mile, is first mentioned as the fortified refuge where Paṇḍukabhaya established himself for 7 years in the 4th century B.C. At the foot of the mountain, Sūratissa, early in the 2nd century B.C. built Makulaka or Maṅgula-vihāra. In an inscription of 2nd B.C. at Riṭigala, the foundation of the village Ariṭa-mahāgāma is recorded; another inscription of 1st B.C. records the grant to Ariṭa-vihāra of Abadalaka tank. Lañjatissa (b.c 119-110) extended Ariṭṭha-vihāra. Sena I (831-851) built on Ariṭṭhagiri a large, well-equipped and richly endowed Vihāra for the Paṃsukūlika bhikkhus. In this king’s inscription at Kivulekaḍa he is styled the founder of Riṭigal-aram. The Sīgiri Graffitimention Riṭgal.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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