Aristotle: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Aristotle means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Aristotle in Hinduism glossary
Source: A constructive survey of Upanishadic Philosophy: Varieties of Psychological Reflection

Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης, 384-322 BC).—Aristotle supposed that the seat of the soul was in the heart; and he came to this conclusion by observing (1) that the diseases of the heart are the most rapidly and certainly fatal, (2) that psychical affections, such as fear, sorrow, and joy cause an immediate disturbance of the heart, (3) and that the heart is the part which is the first to he formed in the embryo.

The Upanishadic psychology agrees with the Aristotelian in locating the soul in the heart. We have already seen how important a part the “pericardium” plays in the Upanishadic psychology of sleep. The Upanishadic philosophers felt no difficulty in locating the soul in the heart; and it is not till we reach a later era in the evolution of Indian thought that we find that the seat of consciousness is transferred from the heart to the brain.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Journal of the Madras University, vol.28 (history)

Aristotle is the name of one of the great philosophers of Ancient Greece, who lived during the same period of the Tamil Grammariam Tolkappiyar.—The age of Agastiyar, the author of the first grammar in Tamil, is generally placed in the VI century B.C. and Tolkappiyar, whose grammar is still extant, is generally considered his devout pupil. In Greece this was exactly the period of her great dramatists and playwrights, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, her historians, Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon and her philosophers, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle though the last belongs to the IV century B.C. This was again the period of the rising art of the Greeks, which reaches its highest water-mark in the period following the Persian wars, the well-known age of Pericles.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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